Skip to main content Accessibility help

A mowing strategy to convert red clover to annual crops in organic farming

  • Randy L. Anderson (a1)


Organic producers are interested in no-till cropping systems. In this study, we found that perennial clover can be converted to corn without tillage. Conversion tactics involved fall mowing in the third year of red clover, followed by between-row mowing of weeds and volunteer red clover in corn grown during the fourth year. Corn yielded 85% of the weed-free control with mowing conversion. In contrast, weed interference in tillage-based conversion and between-row tillage reduced corn yield 53%. Weed emergence was sixfold greater in the tilled conversion. Weeds were present in the corn row with mowing, but recently developed implements could control these weeds and further support a no-till conversion method.


Corresponding author

*Corresponding author:


Hide All
Anderson, R.L. 2007. Crop sequence and no-till reduce seedling emergence of common sunflower in following years. Weed Technology 21:355358.
Anderson, R.L. 2010. A rotation design to reduce weed density in organic farming. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 25:189195.
Anderson, R.L. 2015. Integrating a complex rotation with no-till improves weed management in organic farming. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 35:967974.
Anderson, R.L. 2016. Converting perennial legumes to organic cropland without tillage. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 31:166171.
Armengot, L., Berner, A., Blanco-Moreno, J.M., Maader, P., and Xavier Sans, F. 2015. Long-term feasibility of reduced tillage in organic farming. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 35:339346.
Carr, P.M., Anderson, R.L., Lawley, Y.E., Miller, P.R., and Zwinger, S.F. 2012. Organic zero-till in the northern Great Plains region: Opportunities and obstacles. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 27:26.
Donald, W.W. 2007. Control of both winter annual and summer annual weeds in no-till corn with between-row mowing systems. Weed Technology 21:591601.
Forcella, F. 2012. Air-propelled abrasive grit for postemergence weed control in field corn. Weed Technology 26:161164.
Haagenson, D.M., Cunningham, S.M., Joern, B.C., and Volenec, J.J. 2003. Autumn defoliation effects on alfalfa winter survival, root physiology, and gene expression. Crop Science 43:13401348.
Melander, B., Munier-Jolain, N., Charles, R., Wirth, J., Schwarz, J., van der Weide, R., Bonin, L., Jensen, P.K., and Kudsk, P. 2013. European perspective on the adoption of nonchemical weed management in reduced-tillage systems for arable crops. Weed Technology 27:231240.
Ominski, P.D. and Entz, M.H. 2001. Eliminating soil disturbance reduces post-alfalfa summer annual weed populations. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 81:881884.
Van der Weide, R.Y., Bleeker, P.O., Achten, V.T., Lotz, L.A.P., Fogelberg, F., and Melander, B. 2008. Innovation in mechanical weed control in crop rows. Weed Research 48:215224.


A mowing strategy to convert red clover to annual crops in organic farming

  • Randy L. Anderson (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed