Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Plato’s Hermaphrodite and a Vindication of the Sense of Touch in the Sixteenth Century

  • Pablo Maurette (a1)

Abstract

This essay considers readings of Plato’s Symposium in sixteenth-century trattati d’amore (love treatises) — especially Francesco Patrizi’s L’amorosa filosofia — that offer an alternative to Marsilio Ficino’s pervasive interpretation as presented in his De amore. Against the backdrop of a larger debate concerning the role of the lower senses (touch, in particular) and the relationship between body and soul, these alternative readings of the Symposium attempt to redeem the role of tactility in love matters. Whereas Ficino and his most influential followers — Pico della Mirandola, Pietro Bembo, and Baldassare Castiglione — center their exegesis on Diotima’s speech and privilege sight as the most noble sense, Patrizi’s reading — to a large extent preceded by those of Sperone Speroni, Agnolo Firenzuola, and Flaminio Nobili — focuses on Aristophanes’s myth and the figure of the hermaphrodite as the model for a different kind of human love that is both sensual and spiritual.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Ackerman, Diane. A Natural History of the Senses. New York, 1990.
Allen, Michael J. B. The Platonism of Marsilio Ficino: A Study of His Phaedrus, Commentary, Its Sources and Genesis. Berkeley, 1984.
Aristotle, . Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. H. Rackham. Cambridge, 1934.
Beccadelli, Antonio. The Hermaphrodite. Trans. Parker, Holt. Cambridge, 2010.
Bembo, Pietro. Gli Asolani e le rime. Ed. Carlo Dionisotti-Casalone. Turin, 1932.
Brisson, Luc. Sexual Ambivalence: Androgyny and Hermaphroditism in Greco-Roman Antiquity. Trans. Janet Lloyd. Berkeley, 2002.
Carter, Sarah. Ovidian Myth and Sexual Deviance in Early Modern English Literature. New York, 2011.10.1057/9780230306073
Castiglione, Baldassare. Il Libro del Cortegiano. Ed. Barberis, Walter. Turin, 1998.
Cavallari, Maria Giovanna. “L’insegnamento del Patrizi in alcuni madrigali di Tarquinia Molza.” In Francesco Patrizi, filosofo platónico nel crepuscolo del Rinascimento. ed. Patrizia Castelli, 128138. Florence, 2002.
Clark, Stuart. Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture. Oxford, 2007.
Clay, Diskin. “The Hangover of Plato’s Symposium in the Italian Renaissance from Bruni (1435) to Castiglione (1528).” In Plato’s Symposium: Issues in Interpretation and Reception. ed. J. H. Lesher, Debra Nails, and Frisbee C. C. Sheffield, 341–59. Cambridge, 2006.
D’Aragona, Tullia. Dialogue on the Infinity of Love. Ed. and trans. Rinaldina Russell and Bruce Merry. Chicago, 1997.10.7208/chicago/9780226136363.001.0001
Driscoll, Rosalyn. “Aesthetic Touch.” In Art and the Senses. ed. Francesca Bacci and David Melcher, 107–15. Oxford, 2011.
Ebreo, Leone. Dialoghi d’amore. Ed. Mannupella, Giacinto. Lisbon, 1983.
Egmond, Florike, and Robert Zwijnenberg, eds. Bodily Extremities: Preoccupations with the Human Body in Early Modern European Culture. London, 2003.
Equicola, Mario. Di natura d’amore. Venice, 1626.
Erasmus of Rotterdam. Praise of Folly and Letter to Maarten van Dorp 1515. Trans. Betty Radice. London, 1971.
Ficino, Marsilio. The Letters. Ed. Paul Oskar Kristeller. 8 vols. London, 1979.
Ficino, Marsilio. The Book of Life. Trans. Charles Boer. Irving, 1980.
Ficino, Marsilio. Commentary on Plato’s Symposium on Love. Trans. Sears, Jayne. Dallas, 1985.
Firenzuola, Agnolo. Opere. Florence, 1993.
Ghiberti, Lorenzo. I commentarii. Naples, 1947.
Gilbert, Ruth. Early Modern Hermaphrodites: Sex and Other Stories. New York, 2002.10.1057/9780230510227
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Roman Elegies. Trans. David Luke. London, 1977.
Grendler, Paul F. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance. Baltimore, 2002.
Hankins, James. “Ficino’s Critique of Lucretius.” In The Rebirth of Platonic Theology. ed. James Hankins and Fabrizio Meroi, 137–54. Florence, 2013.10.2307/j.ctt1tqx8b6.10
Harvey, Elizabeth, ed. Sensible Flesh: On Touch in Early Modern Culture. Philadelphia, 2003.
Hillman, David, and Carla Mazzio, eds. The Body in Parts: Fantasies of Corporeality in Early Modern Europe. New York, 1997.
Jütte, Robert. A History of the Senses: From Antiquity to Cyberspace. Trans. Lynn, James. Cambridge, 2005.
Kolsky, Stephen. The Ghost of Boccaccio: Writing on Famous Women in Renaissance Italy. Turnhout, 2005.10.1484/M.LMEMS-EB.5.112209
Krautheimer, Richard. Lorenzo Ghiberti. Princeton, 1956.
Kraye, Jill. “The Transformation of Platonic Love in the Italian Renaissance.” In Platonism and the English Imagination. ed. Anna Baldwin and Sarah Hutton, 7685. Cambridge, 1994.10.1017/CBO9780511553806.009
Long, Kathleen P. Hermaphrodites in Renaissance Europe. Hampshire, 2006.
Maclean, Hugh, ed. Ben Jonson and the Cavalier Poets. New York, 1974.
Milner, Matthew. The Senses and the English Reformation. Farnham, 2011.
Nelson, John C. L’Amorosa Filosofia di Francesco Patrizi da Cherso.” Rinascimento 13 (1962): 89106.
Nobili, Flaminio. Il trattato dell’amore humano. Rome, 1895.
O’Rourke Boyle, Marjorie. Senses of Touch: Human Dignity and Deformity from Michelangelo to Calvin. Leiden, 1998.
Panizza, Letizia. “Platonic Love on the Rocks: Castiglione Counter-Currents in Renaissance Italy.” In Laus Platonici Philosophi: Marsilio Ficino and His Influence. ed. Stephen Lucas, Peter J. Forshaw, and Valery Rees, 199226. Leiden, 2011.10.1163/ej.9789004188976.i-384.41
Paterson, Mark. The Senses of Touch: Haptics, Affects and Technologies. Oxford, 2007.
Patrizi, Francesco. L’amorosa filosofia. Ed. John Charles Nelson. Florence, 1963.
Patrizi, Francesco. Lettere ed opusculi inediti. Ed. D. Aguzzi Barbagli. Florence, 1975.
Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni. Commento sopra una canzone d’amore. Palermo, 1994.
Plato, . Symposium. Trans. Tom Griffith. Berkeley, 1985.
Plato, . Phaedrus. Trans. Alexander Nehamas and Paul Woodruff. Indianapolis, 1995.
Plotinus, . The Enneads. 7 vols. Trans. A. H. Armstrong. Cambridge, 1967.
Robb, Nesca A. Neoplatonism of the Italian Renaissance. London, 1935.
Sawday, Jonathan. The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture. London, 1995.
Schachter, Marc. “Le Roy’s Sympose de Platon and Three Other Renaissance Adaptions of Platonic Eros.” Renaissance Quarterly 59.2 (2006): 406–39.10.1353/ren.2008.0331
Schlosser, Julius. Leben und Meinungen des florentinischen Bildners Lorenzo Ghiberti. Basel, 1941.
Smith, Pamela. The Body of the Artisan. Chicago, 2004.10.7208/chicago/9780226764269.001.0001
Speroni, Sperone. Dialogo d’amore. Ed. Pierre Martin. Poitiers, 1998.
Strauss, Leo. On Plato’s Symposium. Chicago, 2001.
Summers, David. The Judgment of Sense: Renaissance Naturalism and the Rise of Aesthetics. Cambridge, 1987.
Vasoli, Cesare. “ L’amorosa filosofia di Francesco Patrizi e la dissoluzione del mito platonico dell’amore.” Rivista di Storia della Filosofia 43 (1988): 419–41.
Vasoli, Cesare. Francesco Patrizi da Cherso. Rome, 1989.
Vesalius, Andreas. De humani corporis fabrica. Paris, 2001.
Vinge, Louise. The Five Senses: Studies in a Literary Tradition. Lund, 1975.
Vuilleumier Laurens, Florence. “Les Basia de Jean Second et la tradition philosophique de Marsile Ficin à Francesco Patrizi.” In La poétique de Jean Second et son influence au XVI siècle. ed. Jean Balsamo and Perrine Galand-Hallyn, 2538. Paris, 2000.
Wurm, Achim. Platonicus Amor: Lesarten der Liebe bei Platon, Plotin und Ficino. Berlin, 2008.10.1515/9783110210712

Plato’s Hermaphrodite and a Vindication of the Sense of Touch in the Sixteenth Century

  • Pablo Maurette (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed