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Marriage by Correspondence: Politics and Domesticity in the Letters of Isabella d’Este and Francesco Gonzaga, 1490–1519*

  • Carolyn James (a1)


The marriage in 1490 of Francesco Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua, and Isabella d’Este, daughter of the Duke of Ferrara, cemented an important Italian dynastic alliance and was in no sense a love match. Francesco and Isabella were well aware, however, that they had to establish a harmonious conjugal rapport if the strategic aims of their union were to be realized. This study examines the ways in which the Este-Gonzaga couple built familiarity, affection, and shared interests through frequent letter exchanges that both shaped and facilitated their domestic and political collaboration. The epistolary evidence provides new insights into how an aristocratic Renaissance marriage was experienced by the couple themselves and about the means by which a relationship that was exposed to the full force of contemporary politics, with all its conflicts of dynastic loyalty, was sustained through dialogue and negotiation.



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I am very grateful to Monash University colleagues Barbara Caine, Bain Attwood, David Garrioch, and Peter Howard for their helpful comments on an early draft of this essay, as well as to Molly Bourne and Alison Brown for more specialized suggestions and corrections. I also wish to thank the Australian Research Council and the Fondazione Cassamarca for supporting the research on which this article is based. All translations are the author’s unless otherwise indicated.



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Marriage by Correspondence: Politics and Domesticity in the Letters of Isabella d’Este and Francesco Gonzaga, 1490–1519*

  • Carolyn James (a1)


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