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The Social Obstacles to Economic Reform in Hungary

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 August 2016

Zsuzsa Ferge
Affiliation:
Eötvös University, Budapest
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Summary

The eastern European systems, Hungary included, need complete restructuring. Radical political reform needs take precedence over the economic reforms: no genuine economic reform is possible without a legitimate, democratically elected parliament and government. The transformation of the planned into a market economy has started before the elections. Marketization and privatisation have been pressed in the fields where resistance has been the smallest, i.e. where the losses hit the weaker groups — i.e. in case of health, social security, and such like. Also, inflation and unemployment are accepted as inevitable. The result of neoliberal measures introduced in a totalitarian way is the rapid impoverishment of the population and the increase of inequalities. The mounting tensions may become an obstacle to genuine reforms.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de recherches économiques et sociales 1990

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References

Angelusz, R., Nagy, L. G. and Tardos, R. (1988), Az 1987 ôszi szociálpoli-tikai küzvélemény-kutatás eredményeirôl készült elôzetes tájéhoztatás (First results of the public opinion survey on social policy issues), Budapest, Tömegkommunikációs Kutatóközpont.Google Scholar
Change and Reform, Acta œconomica, (1987), vol. 38, no 3-4.Google Scholar
Hankiss, E. (1990), Alternatives in Eastern Europe, Oxford, Oxford University Press (in press).Google Scholar
Myles, J. (1988), Decline or Impasse? The Current State of the Welfare State, Studies in Political Economy, Summer.Google Scholar

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