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A note on maximum independent sets and minimum clique partitions in unit disk graphs and penny graphs: complexity and approximation

  • Marcia R. Cerioli (a1), Luerbio Faria (a2), Talita O. Ferreira (a3) and Fábio Protti (a4)

Abstract

A unit disk graph is the intersection graph of a family of unit disks in the plane. If the disks do not overlap, it is also a unit coin graph or penny graph. It is known that finding a maximum independent set in a unit disk graph is a NP-hard problem. In this work we extend this result to penny graphs. Furthermore, we prove that finding a minimum clique partition in a penny graph is also NP-hard, and present two linear-time approximation algorithms for the computation of clique partitions: a 3-approximation algorithm for unit disk graphs and a 2-approximation algorithm for penny graphs.

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Keywords

A note on maximum independent sets and minimum clique partitions in unit disk graphs and penny graphs: complexity and approximation

  • Marcia R. Cerioli (a1), Luerbio Faria (a2), Talita O. Ferreira (a3) and Fábio Protti (a4)

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