The 11th European ALARA Network (EAN) workshop on “ALARA in radioactive waste management” took place in Athens (Greece) in April 2008. The aim of that workshop was to focus on the implementation of the ALARA principle with regard to occupational and public exposures arising from the management of radioactive waste in all sectors (nuclear, medical, industrial, etc.). This workshop consisted of invited oral presentations, which highlighted the main issues, and half of the programme was devoted to discussions within working groups on specific topics. Individual presentations (papers and slides) are available to download from the EAN website (http://www.eu-alara.net). Based on report backs from the groups and discussions with all the participants, five formal recommendations have been formulated. These recommendations, addressed to international organisations (International Atomic Energy Agency, European Commission, Nuclear Energy Agency), national authorities, national and local stakeholders and to EAN itself, deal with the following themes: international guidance on ALARA in radioactive waste management, harmonisation issues at the international level, ALARA approach in non-nuclear waste management, “broader approach” in the radioactive waste management process, stakeholder involvement. The objective of this paper is to present the main conclusions and the five recommendations produced during the workshop.