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Methodological aspects of the implementation of the new ICRP recommendations

  • W. Raskob and C. Landman

Abstract

With the ICRP recommendations Publications 103, 109 and 111 (ICRP, 2007; ICRP 2009a, 2009b), new concepts and quantities have been introduced into emergency management and rehabilitation. Two of them will possibly influence national procedures, but for sure they will influence countermeasure simulation approaches: 1. The concept of a “reference level” for emergency and existing controllable exposure situations that represents the level of dose or risk, above which it is judged to be inappropriate to plan to allow exposures to occur, and for which therefore protective actions should be planned in advance. 2. When deciding on the optimum course of protective actions, all exposure pathways and all relevant actions have to be taken into account. The major changes for the simulation models result from the second recommendation that all exposure pathways must be considered when deciding on protective actions. So far all countermeasure simulations in the early phase of an emergency are carried out by considering individual countermeasures such as sheltering or evacuation, if some dose limit for the respective action is exceeded. This approach has to be changed and strategies of several countermeasures analysed and simulated with the ultimate goal not to exceed the reference level over a given time period, typically one year.

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References

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[1] Ehrhardt J., Weis A. (eds) (2000), RODOS: Decision Support System for Offsite Nuclear Emergency Management in Europe. European Commission, Brussels, Report EUR 19144.
[2] Hoe S., Müller H., Gering F., Thykier-Nielsen S., Havskov Sorensen J., Argos (2001) A decision support system for nuclear emergencies. In: American Nuclear Society Transactions. Winter Meeting, Vol. 87, 2002, pp. 574-579.
[3] ICRP Publication 60 (1991) 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, Ann. ICRP 21 (1-3) (Deutsche Ausgabe: Empfehlungen der Internationalen Strahlenschutzkommission 1990. ICRP Veröffentlichung 60. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1993).
[4] ICRP Publication 103 (2007) The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, Ann. ICRP 37(2-4).
[5] ICRP Publication 109 (2009) Application of the Commission’s recommendations for the protection of people in emergency exposure situations, Ann. ICRP 39 (1).
[6] ICRP Publication 111 (2009) Application of the Commission’s Recommendations to the Protection of People Living in Long-term Contaminated Areas after a Nuclear Accident or a Radiation Emergency, Ann. ICRP 39 (3).
[7] Raskob W., Hugon M. (Eds.) (2010) Enhancing nuclear and radiological emergency management and rehabilitation: Key Results of the EURANOS European Project, Radioprotection 45 (5), 2010.

Keywords

Methodological aspects of the implementation of the new ICRP recommendations

  • W. Raskob and C. Landman

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