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International Basic Safety Standards – Protecting people and the environment

  • T. Boal, P.A. Colgan and R. Czarwinski

Abstract

An interim edition of the IAEA Safety Requirements document: “Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards” (BSS) was published in November 2011. The revision of the BSS was coordinated by a BSS Secretariat consisting of representatives of the IAEA, FAO, EC, ILO, UNEP, PAHO, WHO and NEA/OECD. The BSS takes into account the Fundamental Safety Principles, the findings of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation and the 2007 recommendations of the International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP) and other applicable ICRP statements and publications. This paper provides an overview of the revised BSS, including requirements on preparedness for a nuclear or radiological emergency and to remediation of areas contaminated by residual radioactive material following a nuclear or radiological emergency.

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References

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[1] IAEA (2006) Fundamental Safety Principles, IAEA Safety Standard Series No. SF-1.
[2] IAEA (2010) Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for Safety, IAEA Safety Standard Series, GSR Part 1.
[3] IAEA (2011) Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards, IAEA Safety Standards Series GSR Part 3 (Interim).
[4] ICRP Publication 103 (2007) The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, Ann. ICRP 37 (2-4).
[5] ICRP Publication 109 (2009a) Application of the Commission’s Recommendations for the Protection of People in Emergency Exposure Situations, Ann. ICRP 39 (1).
[6] ICRP Publication 111 (2009b) Application of the Commission’s Recommendations to the Protection of People Living in Long-term Contaminated Areas After a Nuclear Accident or a Radiation Emergency, Ann. ICRP 39 (3).
[7] ICRP Publication 115 (2010) Lung Cancer Risk from Radon and Progeny and Statement on Radon, Ann. ICRP 40 (1).
[8] ICRP Publication 118 (2012) ICRP Statement on Tissue Reactions/Early and Late Effects of Radiation in Normal Tissues and Organs – Threshold Doses for Tissue Reactions in a Radiation Protection Context, Ann. ICRP 41 (1-2).
[9] UNSCEAR (2009) United Nations, Effects of Ionizing Radiation. Volume I: Report to the General Assembly, Scientific Annexes A and B; Volume II: Scientific Annexes C, D and E. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, UNSCEAR 2006 Report.
[10] WHO (2006) Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission (2006), Codex General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Foods, Schedule I – Radionuclides, CODEX STAN 193-1995.

Keywords

International Basic Safety Standards – Protecting people and the environment

  • T. Boal, P.A. Colgan and R. Czarwinski

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