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Decision aiding handbooks for managing contaminated food production systems, drinking water and inhabited areas in Europe

  • Wolfgang Raskob, Michel Hugon, A.F. Nisbet (a1), J. Brown (a1), B.J. Howard (a2), N.A. Beresford (a2), H. Ollagnon (a3), C. Turcanu (a4), J. Camps (a4), K. Andersson (a5), A. Rantavaara (a6), T. Ikäheimonen (a6), T. Duranova (a7), D. Oughton (a8), G. Kirchner (a9), C. Papachristodoulou (a10), K. Ioannides (a10) and P. Kwakman (a11)...

Abstract

Three handbooks have been developed, in conjunction with a wide range of stakeholders to assist in the management of contaminated food production systems, inhabited areas and drinking water following a radiological incident. The handbooks are aimed at national and local authorities, central government departments and agencies, emergency services, radiation protection experts, the agriculture and food production sectors, industry and others who may be affected. The handbooks include management options for application in the different phases of an incident. Sources of contamination considered in the handbooks include nuclear accidents and radiological dispersion devices; the most relevant radionuclides are included. The handbooks are divided into several sections which provide supporting scientific and technical information; an analysis of the factors influencing recovery; compendia of comprehensive, state-of-the-art datasheets for around 100 management options and guidance on planning in advance. A decision-aiding framework comprising colour coded selection tables, look-up tables and decision trees and several worked examples are also included. The handbooks can be used as a preparatory tool, under non-crisis conditions, to engage stakeholders and to develop local and regional plans. The handbooks can also be applied as part of the decision-aiding process to develop a recovery strategy following an incident. In addition, the handbooks are useful for training purposes and during emergency exercises. To realise their full potential, the handbooks should be customised at national, regional and local levels.

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[4]Brown J., Hammond D.J., Kwakman P. (2009) Generic handbook for assisting in the management of contaminated drinking water in Europe following a radiological emergency. EURANOS(CAT1)-TN(09)-02.
[5]Brown J., Mortimer K., Andersson K., Duranova T., Mrskova A., Hänninen R., Ikäheimonen T., Kirchner G., Bertsch V., Gallay F., Reales N. (2007) Generic handbook for assisting in the management of contaminated inhabited areas in europe following a radiological emergency. EURANOS(CAT1)-TN(07)-02. Available at http://www.euranos.fzk.de.
[6]Howard, B. J., Liland, A., Beresford, N.A., Andersson, K.G., Cox, G., Gil, J.M., Hunt, J., Nisbet, A., Oughton, D., Voigt, G. (2004) A Critical Evaluation of the STRATEGY Project, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 109, 63-67.
[7]HPA (2005) UK Recovery Handbook for Radiation Incidents. HPA-RPD-002 (ISBN 0-85951-559-1). Available at http://www.hpa.org.uk/radiation.
[8]Nisbet, A.F., Andersson, K.G., Duranova, T. (2010) Demonstration of generic handbooks for assisting in the management of contaminated food production systems and inhabited areas in Europe, Radioprotection 45, S243-S249.
[9]Nisbet A.F., Brown J., Rochford H., Cabianca T., Jones A., Andersson K., Duranova T., Hänninen R., Ikäheimonen T., Kirchner G., Bertsch V., Gallay F., Reales N. (in prep.). Generic handbook for assisting in the management of contaminated inhabited areas in Europe following a radiological emergency v2.
[10]Nisbet A.F., Jones A., Turcanu C., Camps J., Andersson K.G., Hänninen R., Rantavaara A., Solatie D., Kostiainen E., Jullien T., Pupin V., Ollagnon H., Papachristodoulou C., Ioannides K., Oughton D. (2009) Generic Handbook for Assisting in the Management of Contaminated Food Production Systems in Europe following a radiological emergency v2. EURANOS(CAT1)-TN(09)-01. Available at http://www.euranos.fzk.de.
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[12]Nisbet, A.F., Mercer, J.A., Rantavaara, A., Hanninen, R., Vandecasteele, C., Carlé, B., Hardeman, F., Ioannides, K.G., Papachristodoulou, C., Tzialla, C., Ollagnon, H., Jullien, T., Pupin, V. (2005) Achievements, difficulties and future challenges for the FARMING network, J. Environ. Radioact. 83, 263-274.
[13]Nisbet A.F., Rice H., Jones A., Jullien T., Pupin V., Ollagnon H., Hardeman F., Carlé B., Turcanu C., Papachristodoulou C., Ioannides K., Hänninen R., Rantavaara A., Solatie D., Kostiainen E., Oughton D. (2006) Generic handbook for assisting in the management of contaminated food productions systems in Europe following a radiological emergency, EURANOS(CAT1)-TN(06)-06. Available at http://www.euranos.fzk.de.

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