Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Tree-Ring Records of Near-Younger Dryas Time in Central North America—Preliminary Results from the Lincoln Quarry Site, Central Illinois, Usa

  • Irina P Panyushkina (a1), Steven W Leavitt (a1), Alex Wiedenhoeft (a2), Sarah Noggle (a1), Brandon Curry (a3) and Eric Grimm (a4)...

Abstract

The abrupt millennial-scale changes associated with the Younger Dryas (YD) event (“chronozone”) near the dawn of the Holocene are at least hemispheric, if not global, in extent. Evidence for the YD cold excursion is abundant in Europe but fairly meager in central North America. We are engaged in an investigation of high-resolution environmental changes in mid-North America over several millennia (about 10,000 to 14,000 BP) during the Late Glacial–Early Holocene transition, including the YD interval. Several sites containing logs or stumps have been identified and we are in the process of initial sampling or re-sampling them for this project. Here, we report on a site in central Illinois containing a deposit of logs initially thought to be of YD age preserved in alluvial sands. The assemblage of wood represents hardwood (angiosperm) trees, and the ring-width characteristics are favorable to developing formal tree-ring chronologies. However, 4 new radiocarbon dates indicate deposition of wood may have taken place over at least 8000 14C yr (6000–14,000 BP). This complicates the effort to develop a single floating chronology of several hundred years at this site, but it may provide wood from a restricted region over a long period of time from which to develop a sequence of floating chronologies, the timing of deposition and preservation of which could be related to paleoclimatic events and conditions.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Tree-Ring Records of Near-Younger Dryas Time in Central North America—Preliminary Results from the Lincoln Quarry Site, Central Illinois, Usa
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Tree-Ring Records of Near-Younger Dryas Time in Central North America—Preliminary Results from the Lincoln Quarry Site, Central Illinois, Usa
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Tree-Ring Records of Near-Younger Dryas Time in Central North America—Preliminary Results from the Lincoln Quarry Site, Central Illinois, Usa
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Email: panush@ltrr.arizona.edu.

References

Hide All
Baker, RG, Maher, LJ Jr, Chumbley, CA, Van Zant, KL. 1992. Patterns of Holocene environmental change in the midwestern United States. Quaternary Research 37:379–89.
Benson, L, Burdett, J, Lund, S, Kashgarian, M, Mensing, S. 1997. Nearly synchronous climate change in the Northern Hemisphere during the last glacial termination. Nature 388:263–5.
Björck, S, Kromer, B, Johnsen, S, Bennike, O, Hammarlund, D, Lemdahl, G, Possnert, G, Rasmussen, TL, Wohlfarth, B, Hammer, CU, Spurk, M. 1996. Synchronized terrestrial-atmospheric deglacial records around the North Atlantic. Science 274:1155–60.
Broecker, WS, Farrand, WR. 1963. Radiocarbon age of the Two Creeks forest bed, Wisconsin. Geological Society of America Bulletin 74:795802.
Broecker, WS, Kennett, JP, Flower, BP, Teller, JT, Trumbore, S, Bonani, G, Wolfli, W. 1989. Routing of melt-water from the Laurentide ice sheet during the Younger Dryas cold period. Nature 341:318–21.
Chrzastowski, MJ, Pranschke, FA, Shabica, CW. 1991. Discovery and preliminary investigations of the remains of an Early Holocene forest on the floor of southern Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 17(4):543–52.
Chumbley, CA, Baker, RG, Bettis, AE III. 1990. Midwestern Holocene paleoenvironments revealed by flood-plain deposits in northeastern Iowa. Science 249:272–4.
Cook, ER. 1985. A time-series analysis approach to tree-ring standardization [PhD dissertation]. Tucson: University of Arizona.
Curry, BB, Grimley, DA, Stravers, JA. 1999. Quaternary geology, geomorphology, and climatic history of Kane County, Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey Guidebook 28. 40 p.
Denton, GH, Hendy, C. 1994. Younger Dryas age advance of Franz Josef Glacier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Science 264:1434–7.
Goslar, T, Arnold, M, Pazdur, MF. 1995. The Younger Dryas cold event—Was it synchronous over the North Atlantic region? Radiocarbon 37(1):6370.
Guyette, RP, Stambaugh, MC, Dey, DC. 2003. Holocene oak tree-ring chronology development and analysis in the agricultural landscape of the midwestern United States. XVI INQUA Congress Programs with Abstracts. The Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada. p 129.
Hansel, AK, Johnson, WH. 1992. Fluctuations of the Lake Michigan Lobe during the late Wisconsin Subepisode. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Series Ca 81. p 133–44.
King, JE. 1981. Late Quaternary vegetational history of Illinois. Ecological Monographs 51:4362.
Kudrass, HR, Erlenkeuser, H, Vollbrecht, R, Weiss, W. 1991. Global nature of the Younger Dryas cooling even inferred from oxygen isotope data from Sulu Sea cores. Nature 349:406–9.
Holmes, RL. 1983. Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree-Ring Bulletin 43:6875.
Jacobson, GL Jr, Webb, T III, Grimm, EC. 1987. Patterns and rates of vegetation change during the deglaciation of eastern North America. In: Ruddiman, WF, Wright, HE Jr, editors. The Geology of North America. Volume K-3. North America During Deglaciation. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado. p 277–88.
Leavitt, SW, Kalin, RM. 1992. A new tree-ring width, δ13C and 14C investigation of the Two Creeks site. Radiocarbon 34(3):792–7.
Mayewski, PA, Meeker, LD, Whitlow, S, Twickler, MS, Morrison, MS, Alley, RB, Bloomfield, P, Taylor, K. 1993. The atmosphere during the Younger Dryas. Science 261:195–7.
Mikolajewicz, U, Crowley, TJ, Schiller, A, Voss, R. 1997. Modelling teleconnections between the North Atlantic and North Pacific during the Younger Dryas. Nature 387:384–7.
Roberts, N, Taleb, M, Barker, P, Damnati, B, Icole, M, Williamson, D. 1993. Timing of the Younger Dryas event in East Africa from lake-level changes. Nature 366: 146–8.
Schneider, AF, Sander, P, Larsen, CE. 1977. Late Quaternary buried forest bed in southeastern Wisconsin. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 11:256.
Williams, JW, Shuman, BN, Webb, T III. 2001. Dissimilarity analyses of late-Quaternary vegetation and climate in eastern North America. Ecology 82:3346–62.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed