Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A Single-Year δ13C Chronology from Pinus Tabulaeformis (Chinese Pine) Tree Rings at Huangling, China

  • Steven W. Leavitt (a1), Liu Yu (a2), Malcolm K. Hughes (a1), Liu Rongmo (a2), An Zhisheng (a2), Graciela M. Gutierrez (a1), Shelley R. Danzer (a1) and Shao Xuemei (a3)...

Abstract

Individual rings from 1899–1990 were pooled from four radii of four cross-sections obtained from trees at a managed forest site near Huangling, north of Xian in north central China. Splits of wood ground to 20-mesh were analyzed independently at both the Xian and Arizona laboratories, using their respective methods for cellulose isolation, combustion and mass-spectrometric analysis. The δ13C results were highly correlated (r2 = 0.66) and absolute values typically within 0.2–0.3‰. Inter-tree variability was estimated as 1–1.5‰. The Huangling δ13C curve shows an overall downward trend with year-to-year fluctuations of up to 1.5‰ superimposed. A subset of δ13C maxima corresponded with below-normal precipitation and above-normal temperature in May and June, and minima were associated with above-normal precipitation and below-normal temperature in May and June, perhaps signaling early arrival of the East Asian Summer Monsoon. The generally poor climate correlations with all δ13C values, however, could be a consequence of the fairly mesic environment or of human disturbance. Chronologies of isotopic discrimination (δ) and Ci/Ca had flat slopes, suggesting the δ13C trend was driven by global rather than local effects.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      A Single-Year δ13C Chronology from Pinus Tabulaeformis (Chinese Pine) Tree Rings at Huangling, China
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      A Single-Year δ13C Chronology from Pinus Tabulaeformis (Chinese Pine) Tree Rings at Huangling, China
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      A Single-Year δ13C Chronology from Pinus Tabulaeformis (Chinese Pine) Tree Rings at Huangling, China
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Deines, P. 1980 The isotopic composition of reduced organic carbon. In Fritz, P. and Fontes, J.-Ch., eds., Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry , Vol. 1. New York, Elsevier: 329405.
Ehleringer, J. R. 1991 13C/12C fractionation and its utility in terrestrial plant studies. In Coleman, D. C. and Fry, B., eds., Carbon Isotope Techniques. San Diego, Academic Press: 187200.
Farquhar, G. D., O'Leary, M. H. and Berry, J. A. 1982 On the relationship between carbon isotope discrimination and the intercellular carbon dioxide concentration in leaves. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 9: 121137.
Francey, R. J. 1981 Tasmanian tree rings belie suggested anthropogenic 13C/12C trends. Nature 290: 232235.
Francey, R. J. and Farquhar, G. D. 1982 An explanation of 13C/12C variations in tree rings. Nature 297: 2831.
Freyer, H. D. and Belacy, N. 1983 13C/12C records in northern hemisphere trees during the past 500 years—anthropogenic impact and climatic superpositions. Journal of Geophysical Research 88: 68446852.
Friedli, H., Lotscher, H., Oeschger, H., Siegenthaler, U. and Stauffer, B. 1986 Ice-core record of the 13C/12C ratio of atmospheric CO2 in the past two centuries. Nature 324: 237238.
Harkness, D. D. and Miller, B. F. 1980 Possibility of climatically induced variations in the 13C and 14C enrichment patterns as recorded by 300-yr old Norwegian pine. In Stuiver, M. and Kra, R. S., eds., Proceedings of the 10th International 14C Conference. Radiocarbon 22(2): 291298.
Keeling, C. D., Mook, W. M. and Tans, P. 1979 Recent trends in the 13C/12C ratio of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Nature 277: 121123.
Keeling, C. D., Bacastow, R. B., Carter, R. F., Piper, S. C., Whorf, T. P., Heinman, M., Mook, W. G. and Roeloffzen, H. 1989 A three dimensional model of atmospheric CO2 transport based on observed winds. 1. Analysis of observational data. In Peterson, D. H., ed., Aspects of Climate Variability in the Pacific and the Western Americas. Washington, D.C., American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph 55: 165236.
Leavitt, S. W. and Danzer, S. R. 1993 Method for batch processing small wood samples to holocellulose for stable-carbon isotope analysis. Analytical Chemistry 65: 8789.
Leavitt, S. W. and Lara, A. 1994 South American tree rings show declining δ13C trend. Tellus 46B: 152157.
Leavitt, S. W. and Long, A. 1988 Stable carbon isotope chronologies from trees in the southwestern United States. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 2: 189198.
Leavitt, S. W. and Long, A. 1989a Drought indicated in carbon-13/carbon-12 ratios of southwestern tree rings. Water Resources Bulletin 25: 341347.
Leavitt, S. W. and Long, A. 1989b Inter-tree variability of δ13C in tree rings. In Rundel, P. W., Ehleringer, J. R. and Nagy, K. A., eds., Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research. New York, Springer-Verlag: 95104.
Leavitt, S. W. and Long, A. 1989c The atmospheric δ13C record as derived from 56 pinyon trees at 14 sites in the southwestern United States. In Long, A, Kra, R. S. and Srdoč, D., eds, Proceedings of the 13th International 14C Conference. Radiocarbon 31(3): 469474.
Libby, L. M., Pandolfi, L. F., Payton, P. H., Marshall, J., Becker, B. and Giertz-Sienbenlist, V. 1976 Isotope tree thermometers. Nature 261: 284288.
Liu, R., Zhou, W., Liu, Y., Sun, F. and Zhou, M. 1988 δ13C measurements of tree rings from ancient Abies in Xian Yang. China Quaternary Research 8(1): 2630 (in Chinese).
Liu, Y., Liu, R. and Sun, F. 1990 δ13C analysis of tree rings from Mt. Qinling and its climatic implications. In Environmental Geochemistry and Health. Guizhou Science and Technology Press, pp. 1214 (in Chinese).
Liu, Y., Liu, R. and Sun, F. 1993 δ13C variations in tree rings from part of Shaanxi Province. In Proceedings of the Fourth National Chinese Conference on Quaternary Geology , Guangzhou Science and Technology Press (in Chinese).
Peng, T. H., Broecker, W. S., Freyer, H. D. and Trumbore, S. 1983 A deconvolution of the tree-ring based δ13C record. Journal of Geophysical Research 88: 36093620.
Stuiver, M. 1978 Atmospheric carbon dioxide and carbon reservoir changes. Science 199: 253258.
Stuiver, M., Burk, R. L. and Quay, P. D. 1984 13C/12C ratios in tree rings and the transfer of biospheric carbon to the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research 89: 1173111748.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed