Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Radiocarbon Dating of Deep-Sea Corals

  • Jess F Adkins (a1), Shelia Griffin (a2), Michaele Kashgarian (a3), Hai Cheng (a4), E R M Druffel (a2), E A Boyle (a5), R Lawrence Edwards (a4) and Chuan-Chou Shen (a4)...

Abstract

Deep-sea corals are a promising new archive of paleoclimate. Coupled radiocarbon and U-series dates allow 14C to be used as a tracer of ocean circulation rate in the same manner as it is used in the modern ocean. Diagenetic alteration of coral skeletons on the seafloor requires a thorough cleaning of contaminating phases of carbon. In addition, 10% of the coral must be chemically leached prior to dissolution to remove adsorbed modern CO2. A survey of modern samples from the full δ14C gradient in the deep ocean demonstrates that the coralline CaCO3 records the radiocarbon value of the dissolved inorganic carbon.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Radiocarbon Dating of Deep-Sea Corals
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Radiocarbon Dating of Deep-Sea Corals
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Radiocarbon Dating of Deep-Sea Corals
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Adkins, JF, Boyle, EA. 1999. Age screening of deep-sea corals and the record of deep North Atlantic circulation change at 15.4 ka. In: Abrantes, F, Mix, A, editors. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Paleoceanography. Elsiever. Forthcoming.
Adkins, JF, Cheng, H, Boyle, EA, Druffel, ERM, Edwards, L. 1998. Deep-sea coral evidence for rapid change in ventilation of the deep North Atlantic 15,400 years ago. Science 280:725–8.
Bard, E. 1988. Correction of accelerator mass spectrometry 14C ages measured in planktonic foraminifera: paleoceanographic implications. Paleoceanography 3: 635–45.
Bard, E, Arnold, M, Fairbanks, R, Hamelin, B. 1993. 230Th-234U and 14C ages obtained by mass spectrometry on corals. Radiocarbon 35(1):191–9.
Bien, GS, Rakestraw, NW, Suess, HE. 1960. Radiocarbon concentration in Pacific Ocean water. Tellus 12:436–43.
Broecker, WS. 1963. 14C/12C ratios in surface ocean water. Nuclear Geophysics 1963:138–49.
Broecker, WS. 1979. A revised estimate for the radiocarbon age of North Atlantic Deep Water. Journal of Geophysical Research 84:3218–26.
Broecker, WS, Klas, M, Clark, E, Trumbore, S, Bonani, G, Wolfli, W, Ivy, S. 1990. Accelerator mass spectrometric measurements on foraminifera shells from deep sea cores. Radiocarbon 32(2):119–33.
Broecker, WS, Peng, T-H. 1982. Tracers in the sea. Eldigio Press.
Broecker, WS, Peng, T-H, Ostlund, G, Stuiver, M. 1985. The distribution of bomb radiocarbon in the ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 90:6953–70.
Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Donahue, DJ, Druffel, ERM, Taylor, FW. 1992. Mass spectrometric 14C and U-Th measurements in coral. Radiocarbon 34(3):611–8.
Cheng, H, Adkins, JF, Edwards, RL, Boyle, EA. 2000. U-Th dating of deep-sea corals. Geochemica et Cosmochemica Acta 64:2401–16.
Donahue, DJ, Linick, TW, Jull, AJT. 1990. Isotope ratio and background corrections for accelerator mass spectrometry radio carbon measurements. Radiocarbon 32(2):135–42.
Druffel, EM, Linick, TW. 1978. Radiocarbon in annual coral rings of Florida. Geophysical Research Letters 5(11):913–6.
Druffel, ERM, Bauer, JE, Williams, PM, Griffin, S, Wolgast, D. 1996. Seasonal variabiltiy of particulate organic radiocarbon in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Reseach 101: 20,54352.
Duplessy, J-C, Arnold, M, Bard, E, Juillet-Leclerc, A, Kallel, N, Labeyrie, L. 1989. AMS 14C study of transient events and of the ventilation rate of the Pacific intermediate water during the last deglaciation. Radiocarbon 31(3):493502.
Edwards, LR, Beck, WJ, Burr, GS, Donahue, DJ, Chappell, JMA, Bloom, AL, Druffel, ERM, Taylor, FW. 1993. A large drop in atmospheric 14C/12C and reduced melting in the Younger Dryas, documented with 230Th ages of corals. Science 260:962–7.
Fonselius, S, Ostlund, G. 1959. Natural radiocarbon measurements on surface water from the North Atlantic and the Arctic Sea. Tellus 11:7782.
Goldstein, SJ, Lea, DW, Chakraborty, S, Kashgarian, M, Murrell, MT. 2001. Uranium-series and radiocarbon geochronology of deep-sea corals: implications for Southern Ocean ventilation rates and the oceanic carbon cycle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 193: 167–82.
Griffin, S, Druffel, ERM. 1989. Sources of carbon to deep-sea corals. Radiocarbon 31(3): 533–43.
Hughen, KA, Overpeck, JT, Lehman, SJ, Kashgarian, M, Southon, J, Peterson, LC, Alley, R, Sigman, DM. 1998. Deglacial changes in ocean circulation from an extended radiocarbon calibration. Nature 391:65–8.
Mangini, A, Lomitschka, M, Eichstadter, R, Frank, N, Vogler, S, Bonani, G, Hajdas, I, Patzold, J. 1998. Coral provides way to age deep water. Nature 392:347–8.
Shackleton, NJ, Duplessy, J-C, Arnold, M, Maurice, P, Hall, MA, Cartlidge, J. 1988. Radiocarbon age of the last glacial Pacific deep water. Nature 335:708–11.
Shen, GT, Boyle, EA. 1988. Determination of lead, cadmium and other trace metals in anually-banded corals. Chemical Geology 67:4762.
Stocker, TF, Wright, DG. 1996. Rapid changes in ocean circulation and atmospheric radiocarbon. Paleoceanography 11:773–96.
Stuiver, M, Polach, HA. 1977. Reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3):355–63.
Stuiver, M, Quay, PM, Ostlund, HG. 1983. Abyssal water carbon-14 distribution and the age of the world oceans. Science 219:849–51.
Vogel, JS, Nelson, DE, Southon, JR. 1987. 14C background levels in an accelerator mass spectrometry system. Radiocarbon 29:323–33

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed