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Radiocarbon Dates from two Coastal Sites in the Manu'a Group, American Samoa

  • T L Hunt (a1) and P V Kirch (a1)

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Samples of inshore marine shell species (various taxa, see description below) were collected from controlled excavation of ceramic-bearing strata of two archaeologic sites in the Manu'a Island group, American Samoa. Located on the closely adjacent islands of Ta'u and Ofu (14° 14’ 30” S, 169° 30’ 40” E and 14° 10’ 55” S, 169° 39’ 0” E, respectively), these sites represent human occupation along shorelines undergoing a parallel depositional sequence of calcareous sand dune development and concomitant seaward progradation. Our primary objective was to obtain an initial age estimate for prehistoric ceramics from eastern Samoa. On stylistic and technologic criteria, the ceramics recovered from our excavations can be classified as thick-coarse Polynesian Plainware. Based on previous studies in Western Samoa, Polynesian Plainware represents a terminal phase of prehistoric pottery manufacture in the Samoan Islands, believed to date from ca 200 bc to ad 300 (Green & Davidson, 1974).

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References

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Green, R C and Davidson, J M, 1974, A radiocarbon and stratigraphic sequence for Samoa, in Green, R C and Davidson, J M, eds, Archaeology in Western Samoa, vol II: Auckland Inst & Mus Bull, v 7, p 212224.
Hunt, T L and Kirch, P V, in press, Archaeological survey and excavation in the Manu'a Group, American Samoa: Polynesian Soc Jour.
Stuiver, M and Becker, B, 1986, High-precision decadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, ad 1950–2500 bc, in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon, v 28, no 2B, p 863910.
Stuiver, M, Pearson, G W and Braziunas, T, 1986, Radiocarbon age calibration of marine samples back to 9000 cal BP, in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon, v 28, no. 2B, p 9801021.
Stuiver, M and Polach, H A, 1977, Discussion: Reporting of 14C data: Radiocarbon, v 19, no. 3, p 355363.
Stuiver, M and Reimer, P J, 1986, A computer program for radiocarbon age calibration, in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon, v 28, no. 2B, p 10221030.

Radiocarbon Dates from two Coastal Sites in the Manu'a Group, American Samoa

  • T L Hunt (a1) and P V Kirch (a1)

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