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New Radiocarbon Ages of Luzia Woman, Lapa Vermelha IV Site, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

  • Michel Fontugne (a1)

Abstract

Luzia woman is considered one of the oldest Paleoindian skeletons found in the Americas. Luzia was found at the Lapa Vermelha IV site (Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brazil) in 1975 by the archaeologist Annette Laming-Emperaire (1917–1977) who sent to the Gif laboratory charcoals collected in the vicinity of the skeleton for radiocarbon dating. Twenty-nine charcoal samples were dated from different levels of the stratigraphy of the cave (Délibrias et al. 1986). Recently, new charcoal samples were discovered within Laming-Emperaire's correspondence and were subsequently dated by the Saclay AMS laboratory. The new results confirm the age of Luzia; however, the ages correspond to the younger part of the interval: charcoals found near Luzia's skull give an age of 10,030 ± 60 14C yr BP (11,243–11,710 cal BP).

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