Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

MICADAS: Routine and High-Precision Radiocarbon Dating

  • L Wacker (a1), G Bonani (a1), M Friedrich (a2) (a3), I Hajdas (a1), B Kromer (a2) (a3), M Němec (a1) (a4), M Ruff (a1), M Suter (a1), H-A Synal (a1) and C Vockenhuber (a1)...

Abstract

The prototype mini carbon dating system (MICADAS) at ETH Zurich has been in routine operation for almost 2 yr. Because of its simple and compact layout, setting up a radiocarbon measurement is fast and the system runs very reliably over days or even weeks without retuning. The stability of the instrument is responsible for the good performance in highest-precision measurements where results of single samples can be reproduced within less than 2‰. The measurements are described and the performance of MICADAS is demonstrated on measured data.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      MICADAS: Routine and High-Precision Radiocarbon Dating
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      MICADAS: Routine and High-Precision Radiocarbon Dating
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      MICADAS: Routine and High-Precision Radiocarbon Dating
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Email: wacker@phys.ethz.ch

References

Hide All
Bonani, G, Beer, J, Hofmann, H, Synal, H-A, Suter, M, Wolfli, W, Pfleiderer, C, Kromer, B, Junghans, C, Münnich, KO. 1987. Fractionation, precision and accuracy in 14C and 13C measurements. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 29(1–2):8790.
Friedrich, M, Remmele, S, Kromer, B, Hofmann, J, Spurk, M, Kaiser, KF, Orcel, C, Kuppers, M. 2004. The 12,460-year Hohenheim oak and pine tree-ring chronology from central Europe—a unique annual record for radiocarbon calibration and paleoenvironment reconstructions. Radiocarbon 46(3):1111–22.
Graven, HD, Guilderson, TP, Keeling, RF. 2007. Methods for high-precision 14C AMS measurement of atmospheric CO2 at LLNL. Radiocarbon 49(2):349–56.
Hajdas, I, Bonani, G, Thut, J, Leone, G, Pfenninger, R, Maden, C. 2004. A report on sample preparation at the ETH/PSI AMS facility in Zurich. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223–224:267–71.
Hogg, AG, McCormac, FG, Higham, TFG, Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Palmer, JG. 2002. High-precision radiocarbon measurements of contemporaneous tree-ring dated wood from the British Isles and New Zealand: AD 1850–950. Radiocarbon 44(3):633640.
Kromer, B, Münnich, K-O. 1992. CO2 gas proportional counting in radiocarbon dating – review and perspective. In: Taylor, RE, Long, A, Kra, RS, editors. Radiocarbon after Four Decades. New York: Springer-Verlag. p 184–97.
Meijer, HAJ, Pertuisot, MH, van der Plicht, J. 2006. High-accuracy 14C measurements for atmospheric CO2 samples by AMS. Radiocarbon 48(3):355–72.
Němec, N, Wacker, L, Hajdas, I, Gäggeler, H. 2010. Alternative methods for cellulose preparation for AMS measurement. Radiocarbon 52(2–3):1358–70.
Pearson, GW, Stuiver, M. 1986. High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, 500–2500 BC. Radiocarbon 28(2B):839–62.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Bertrand, CJH, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Cutler, KB, Damon, PE, Edwards, RL, Fairbanks, RG, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, Manning, S, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, Talamo, S, Taylor, FW, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1029–58.
Ruff, M, Wacker, L, Gäggeler, HW, Suter, M, Synal, H-A, Szidat, S. 2007. A gas ion source for radiocarbon measurements at 200 kV. Radiocarbon 49(2):307–14.
Ruff, M, Gäggeler, HW, Suter, M, Synal, H-A, Szidat, S, Wacker, L. 2010. Gaseous radiocarbon measurements of small samples. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):790–4.
Schulze-König, T, Dueker, SR, Giacomo, J, Suter, M, Vogel, JS, Synal, H-A. 2010. BioMICADAS: compact next generation AMS system for pharmaceutical science. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):891–4.
Stuiver, M, Braziunas, TF. 1993. Sun, ocean, climate and atmospheric 14CO2: an evaluation of causal and spectral relationships. Holocene 3(4):289305.
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ, Braziunas, TF. 1998. High-precision radiocarbon age calibration for terrestrial and marine samples. Radiocarbon 40(3):1127–51.
Suter, M, Balzer, R, Bonani, G, Hofmann, H, Morenzoni, E, Nessi, M, Wölfli, W, Andree, M, Beer, J, Oeschger, H. 1984a. Precision measurements of 14C in AMS—some results and prospects. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 5(2):117–22.
Suter, M, Balzer, R, Bonani, G, Wölfli, W. 1984b. A fast beam pulsing system for isotope ratio measurements. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 5(2):242–6.
Suter, M, Dobeli, M, Grajcar, M, Muller, A, Stocker, M, Sun, GY, Synal, H-A, Wacker, L. 2007. Advances in particle identification in AMS at low energies. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 259(1):165–72.
Synal, H-A, Jacob, S, Suter, M. 2000. The PSI/ETH small radiocarbon dating system. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 172(1–4):17.
Synal, H-A, Stocker, M, Suter, M. 2007. MICADAS: a new compact radiocarbon AMS system. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 259(1):713.
Unkel, I. 2006. AMS-14C-Analysen zur Rekonstruktion der Landschafts- und Kulturgeschichte in der Region Palpa (S-Peru) [PhD thesis]. University of Heidelberg. www.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/archiv/6311. In German.
Wacker, L, Christl, M, Synal, H-A. 2010a. Bats: a new powerful tool for AMS data reduction. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):976–9.
Wacker, L, Němec, M, Bourquin, J. 2010b. A revolutionary graphitisation system: fully automated, compact and simple. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):931–4.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed