Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Improvements and Applications of AMS Radiocarbon Measurement at Peking University

  • Zhiyu Guo (a1), Kexin Liu (a1), Kun Li (a1), Jianjun Wang (a1), Bin Li (a1), Xiangyang Lu (a1), Chia-Erh Chen (a1), Tiemei Chen (a1), Sixun Yuan (a1) and Shijun Gao (a1)...

Abstract

AMS radiocarbon measurements were started at Peking University in 1992 with a modified HICONEX 834 ion source. Some archaeological samples were measured at a sensitivity of 10−14 with ca. 1.7% precision for modern samples. We have made many improvements in our first two years of operation: a high-intensity Cs sputtering ion source was installed; the graphite sample preparation technique was investigated; and the system stability has been improved. The blank sample background is currently ca. 0.006 MC and a precision within 1% can be reached for modern samples. Geological, archaeological, environmental and biomedical samples can be measured routinely. We present some typical applications.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Improvements and Applications of AMS Radiocarbon Measurement at Peking University
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Improvements and Applications of AMS Radiocarbon Measurement at Peking University
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Improvements and Applications of AMS Radiocarbon Measurement at Peking University
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Belinsky, S. A., Foley, J. F., White, C. M., Anderson, M. W., Maronpot, R. R. 1990 Dose-response relationship of pulmonary neoplasia in the rat by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone. Cancer Research 50: 37723780.
Chen, C. E., Guo, Z. Y., Yan, S. Q., Li, R. X., Xiao, M., Li, K., Liu, H. T., Liu, K. X., Wang, J. J., Li, B., Lu, X. Y., Yuan, S. X., Chen, T. M., Gao, S. J., Zheng, S. H., Chen, C. Y. and Liu, Y. 1994 Accelerator mass spectrometry at Peking University: Experiments and progress. In Fifield, K., Fink, D., Sie, S. and Tuniz, C., eds., Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B92: 4750.
Chen, C. E., Guo, Z. Y., Yan, S. Q., Li, R. X., Xiao, M., Li, K., Liu, K. X., Liu, H. T., Zhang, R. J., Lu, X. Y. and Li, B. 1993 Beam characteristics and preliminary applications of the tandem based AMS at Peking University. In Duggan, J.L. and Morgan, I. L., eds., Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B79: 624626.
Chen, C. E., Guo, Z. Y., Yan, S. Q., Xiao, M., Zhang, Z. F., Yang, F. L., Li, R. X., Yu, J. X., Li, K., Liu, H. T., Jiang, D. X., Zhang, R. J., Lu, X. Y., Li, B., Qian, W. S., Yuan, J. L., Yang, Z., Liu, K. X. and Si, H. Z. 1992 The test run of AMS system at Peking University. In Lizama, L. and Chew, J., eds., Conference Records of the 1991 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference. Singapore, World Scientific: 26162618.
Chen, C. E., Guo, Z. Y., Yan, S. Q., Zhang, Z. F., Gong, L. H., Li, R. X., Yu, J. X., Li, K., Liu, H.T., Zhang, R. J., Liu, K. X., Chen, T. M., Yuan, S. X., Si, H. Z. and Zhang, W. Z. 1990 Status of the tandem accelerator mass spectrometry facility at Peking University. In Yiou, F. and Raisbeck, G. M., eds., Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B52: 306309.
Currie, L. A., Klouda, G. A. and Voorhees, K. J. 1984 Atmospheric carbon: The importance of accelerator mass spectrometry. In Wöfli, W., Polach, H. A. and Andersen, H. H., eds., Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B5: 371379.
Felton, J. S., Turteltaub, K. W., Vogel, J. S., Balhorn, R., Gledhill, B. L., Southon, J. R., Caffee, M. W., Finkel, R. C., Nelson, D. E., Proctor, I. D. and Davis, J. C. 1990 Accelerator mass spectrometry in the biomedical sciences: Applications in low-exposure biomedical and environmental dosimetry. In Yiou, F. and Raisbeck, G.M., eds., Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spactrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B52: 517523.
Hedges, R. E. M. 1987 Radiocarbon dating by accelerator mass spectrometry: Some recent results and applications. In Litherland, A. E., Allen, K. W. and Hall, E. T., eds., Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting on Ultra-High-Sensitivity Mass Spectrometry with Accelerators. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A323: 5773.
Li, X. S., Liu, Y. F., Shi, J. Y., Wang, X. Y., Liu, K. X., Guo, Z. Y., Li, K., Chen, C. E. and Yuan, S. X. 1994a A study on DNA adduction with nicotine-derived nitrosamine by accelerator mass spectrometry. Chinese Chemical Letters 5(10): 873876.
Li, X. S., Liu, Y. F., Shi, J. Y., Wang, X. Y., Liu, K. X., Guo, Z. Y., Li, K., Chen, C. E. and Yuan, S. X. 1994b Genotoxicity of nicotine studied by accelerator mass spectrometry. Chinese Chemical Letters 5(12): 10431044.
Purser, K. H. and Litherland, A. E. 1990 The elimination of charge-changing backgrounds in an AMS radiocarbon system. In Yiou, F. and Raisbeck, G. M., eds., Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B52: 424427.
Shao, M. (ms.) 1994 Applications of AMS Method in the Study of the Sources of Atmospheric Aerosols. Ph.D. dissertation, Peking University: 77 p.
Si, H. Z., Zhang, W. Z., Zhu, J. H., Du, G. T. and Zhang, T. R. 1992 A multisample high-intensity Cs sputter negative ion source for accelerator mass spectrometry applications. Review of Scientific Instruments 63: 24722475.
Vogel, J. S., Nelson, D. E. and Southon, J. R. 1987 14C background in an accelerator mass spectrometry system. Radiocarbon 29(3): 323333.
Yuan, S. X., Zhu, G. X., Guo, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. M., Gao, S. J., Li, K., Wang, J. J., Liu, K. X., Li, B. and Lu, X. Y. 1995 Radiocarbon dating the transition from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic in South China. Radiocarbon , this issue.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed