Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

High-Precision Radiocarbon Measurements of Tree-Ring Dated Wood from New Zealand: 195 Bc–Ad 995

  • Alan Hogg (a1), Jonathan Palmer (a2), Gretel Boswijk (a3) and Chris Turney (a4)

Abstract

The best means for correcting Southern Hemisphere (SH) radiocarbon measurements, which are significantly influenced by temporal variations in the interhemispheric offset, is by the construction of a SH-specific calibration curve from dendrochronologically dated wood. We present here decadal 14C measurements on dendrochronologically secure New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis), covering the period 195 BC–AD 995, extending the range of calibration measurements from New Zealand tree rings to more than 2 millennia.

Recently published Tasmanian huon pine (Lagarostrobos franklinii) data for the interval 165 BC to AD 1095 measured at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS) have underestimated standard errors, which need to be re-assessed before the data can be considered for a Southern Hemisphere calibration curve update. The CAMS huon data, unlike the Waikato kauri data presented here, show a significant reduction in the SH offset for the interval AD 775–855. Although these data points are being checked, it is unlikely this represents a temporal geographic location-dependent offset. With re-assessed errors, the huon data set from 165 BC to AD 995 closely matches the new kauri data, with the combined data sets producing a mean interhemispheric offset with IntCal09 of 44 ± 17 yr for the time interval 195 BC–AD 1845. This SH offset is lower than the modeled offset of 55–58 yr used in the construction of SHCal04, and we recommend the lower value be used in future SHCal updates. Although there is an apparent increase in higher frequency events in the SH offset (NZ kauri plus Tasmanian huon) from 200 BC–AD 1000, the reason for this remains unclear.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      High-Precision Radiocarbon Measurements of Tree-Ring Dated Wood from New Zealand: 195 Bc–Ad 995
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      High-Precision Radiocarbon Measurements of Tree-Ring Dated Wood from New Zealand: 195 Bc–Ad 995
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      High-Precision Radiocarbon Measurements of Tree-Ring Dated Wood from New Zealand: 195 Bc–Ad 995
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Email: alan.hogg@waikato.ac.nz.

References

Hide All
Baillie, M, Pilcher, J. 1973. A simple cross-dating program for tree-ring research. Tree Ring Bulletin 33:714.
Boswijk, G, Fowler, A, Lorrey, A, Palmer, J, Ogden, J. 2006. Extension of the New Zealand kauri (Agathis Australis) chronology to 1724 BC. The Holocene 16(2):188–99.
Fowler, A, Boswijk, G, Ogden, J. 2004. Tree-ring studies on Agathis australis (kauri): a synthesis of development work on late Holocene chronologies. Tree-Ring Research 60:1529.
Hogg, A. 1993. Performance and design of 0.3 ml to 10 ml synthetic silica liquid scintillation vials. In: Noakes, JE, Polach, HA, Schönhofer, F, editors. Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry 1992. Tucson: Radiocarbon. p 135–42.
Hogg, A, McCormac, G, Higham, T, Baillie, M, Palmer, J. 2002. High-precision 14C measurements of contemporaneous tree-ring dated wood from the British Isles and New Zealand: AD 1850–950. Radiocarbon 44(3):633–40.
Hogg, A, Fifield, K, Turney, C, Palmer, J, Galbraith, R, Baillie, M. 2006. Dating ancient wood by high sensitivity liquid scintillation counting and accelerator mass spectrometry—pushing the boundaries. Quaternary Geochronology 1:241–8.
Hogg, A, Fifield, K, Palmer, J, Turney, C, Galbraith, R. 2007. Robust radiocarbon dating of wood samples by high-sensitivity liquid scintillation spectroscopy in the 50–70 kyr age range. Radiocarbon 49(2):379–91.
Hogg, A, Bronk Ramsey, C, Turney, C, Palmer, J. 2009a. Bayesian evaluation of the Southern Hemisphere radiocarbon offset during the Holocene. Radiocarbon 51(4):1177–86.
Hogg, A, Bronk Ramsey, C, Turney, C, Palmer, J. 2009b. Investigating the interhemispheric 14C offset in the 1st millennium AD and assessment of laboratory bias and calibration errors. Radiocarbon 51(4):1165–76.
Hua, Q, Barbetti, M, Zoppi, U, Fink, D, Watanasak, M, Jacobsen, G. 2004. Radiocarbon in tropical tree rings during the Little Ice Age. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223–224:489–94.
McCormac, G, Reimer, P, Hogg, A, Higham, T, Baillie, M, Palmer, J, Stuiver, M. 2002. Calibration of the radiocarbon time scale for the Southern Hemisphere AD 1850–950. Radiocarbon 44(3):641–51.
McCormac, G, Hogg, A, Blackwell, P, Buck, C, Higham, T, Reimer, P. 2004. SHCal04 Southern Hemisphere calibration, 0–11.0 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1087–92.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Hajdas, I, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, McCormac, FG, Manning, SW, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Southon, JR, Talamo, S, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4):1111–50.
Rozanski, K, Stichler, W, Gonfiantini, R, Scott, M, Beukens, R, Kromer, B, van der Plicht, J. 1992. The IAEA 14C Intercomparison exercise 1990. Radiocarbon 34(3):506–19.
Stuiver, M, Braziunas, T. 1998. Anthropogenic and solar components of hemispheric 14C. Geophysical Research Letters 25(3):329–32.
Torrence, C, Compo, G. 1998. A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79(1):6178.
Turney, C, Fifield, K, Hogg, A, Palmer, J, Hughen, K, Baillie, M, Galbraith, R, Ogden, J, Lorrey, A, Tims, S, Jones, R. 2010. The potential of New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) for testing the synchronicity of abrupt climate change during the Last Glacial Interval (60,000–11,700 years ago). Quaternary Science Reviews 29(27–28):3677–82.
Tyers, I. 2004. Dendro for Windows Program Guide. 3rd edition. ARCUS Project Report 500B.
Vogel, JC, Fuls, A, Visser, E, Becker, B. 1993. Pretoria calibration curve for short-lived samples, 1930–3350 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):7385.
Ward, G, Wilson, S. 1978. Procedures for comparing and combining radiocarbon age determinations: a critique. Archaeometry 20(1):1931.
Xu, X, Khosh, M, Druffel-Rodriguez, K, Trumbore, S, Southon, J. 2010. Is the consensus value of ANU sucrose (IAEA C-6) too high? Radiocarbon 52(2–3):866–74.
Zimmerman, S, Guilderson, T, Buckley, B, Cook, E. 2010. Extension of the Southern Hemisphere atmospheric radiocarbon curve, 2120–850 years BP: results from Tasmanian huon pine. Radiocarbon 52(2–3):887–94.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

High-Precision Radiocarbon Measurements of Tree-Ring Dated Wood from New Zealand: 195 Bc–Ad 995

  • Alan Hogg (a1), Jonathan Palmer (a2), Gretel Boswijk (a3) and Chris Turney (a4)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.