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The Early History of Moscow: 14C Dates from Red Square

  • Alexander L. Alexandrovskiy, Johannes Van Der Plicht, Nikolay Krenke, Olga Chichagova, Nikolai Kovaliukh and Leopold D. Sulerzhitsky...

Abstract

For the first time, a series of 14C dates has been obtained for samples from the archaeological excavations in Red Square, the historical center of Moscow. The remains of burned dwellings from the bottom of the cultural layer were dated as well as dispersed charcoal from the underlying plough soil. The results correspond to a 200-yr time interval and prove that arable activity at the site began as early as the late 11th century ad. The field belonged to Moscow itself or to rural settlements nearby. The oldest dwelling was built ca. the late 12th–early 13th century ad.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

1 Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromeonetny 29, 109017 Moscow, Russia
2 Centre for Isotope Research, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
3 Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Odoevskogo 7-5-595, 117514 Moscow, Russia
4 State Scientific Centre of Environmental Research, Palladin 34, Kiev, Ukraine
5 Geological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyzhevsky 6, 109017 Moscow, Russia

References

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Alexandrovskiy, A. and Krenke, N. 1993 Investigation of medieval plough layers in Moscow and vicinities. In Short Proceedings from the Institute of Archaeology. Vol. 208. Moscow, Nauka: 2130 (in Russian).
Krenke, N. and Sulerzhitsky, L. 1992 Archaeology and the real precision of the radiocarbon method. In Geo-chronology of the Quaternary. Moscow, Nauka: 161167 (in Russian).
Stuiver, M. and Pearson, G. W. 1986 High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, ad 1950-500 bc. In Stuiver, M. and Kra, R., eds., Calibration Issue. Radiocarbon 28(2B): 805838.
van der Plicht, J. 1993 The Groningen radiocarbon calibration program. In Stuiver, M., Long, A. and Kra, R. S., eds., Calibration 1993. Radiocarbon 35(1): 231237.

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