Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Dating Human Remains from the Historical Period in Belgium: Diet Changes and the Impact of Marine and Freshwater Reservoir Effects

  • Anton Ervynck (a1), Mathieu Boudin (a2), Tess van den Brande (a2) and Mark van Strydonck (a2)

Abstract

An overview will be presented of stable isotope data (δ13C and δ15N) available from animal and human bones from Roman to post-Medieval Belgian sites. The data will be used to assess trends in the human diet and evaluate the possible impact of reservoir effects originating from the consumption of fish derived from marine or freshwater environments. Historical and archaeozoological data demonstrate drastic changes in fish consumption throughout the last 2 millennia and thus suggest that fluctuations through time of the impact of the reservoir effects can be expected. However, the present stable isotope data set does not support this suggestion.

Copyright

Corresponding author

2. Corresponding author. Email: anton.ervynck@rwo.vlaanderen.be.

References

Hide All
Asaert, G. 1980. Scheepvaart en visserij. In: Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden 4. Haarlem: Fibula-Van Dishoeck. p 128–34.
Boelmans Kranenburg, HAH. 1979. Visserij in de Zuidelijke Nederlanden 1650–1795. In: Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden 8. Haarlem: Fibula-Van Dishoeck. p 261–4.
Boelmans Kranenburg, HAH. 1980. Visserij in de Zuidelijke Nederlanden 1580–1650. In: Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden 7. Haarlem: Fibula-Van Dishoeck. p 170–1.
Boudin, M, Van Strydonck, M. 2010. Dateren van beenderen met de radiokoolstofmethode. In: Laleman, MC, editor. Onder het Sint-Pietersplein. Gent. Van hoogadellijke begraafplaats tot parking. Ghent: Snoeck. p 102–13.
Boudin, M, Boeckx, P, Vandenabeele, P, Van Strydonck, M. 2014. An archaeological mystery revealed by radiocarbon dating of cross-flow nanofiltrated amino acids derived from bone collagen, silk, and hair: case study of the bishops Baldwin I and Radbot II from Noyon-Tournai. Radiocarbon, these proceedings.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2001. Development of the radiocarbon calibration program. Radiocarbon 43(2A):355–63.
DeNiro, MJ. 1985. Postmortem preservation and alteration of in vivo bone collagen isotope ratios in relation to palaeodietary reconstruction. Nature 317(6040):806–9.
Dobney, K, Ervynck, A. 2007. To fish or not to fish? Evidence for the possible avoidance of fish consumption during the Iron Age around the North Sea. In: Haselgrove, C, Moore, T, editors. The Later Iron Age in Britain and Beyond. Oxford: Oxbow Books. p 403–18.
Ervynck, A. 1997. Following the rule? Fish and meat consumption in monastic communities in Flanders (Belgium). In: De Boe, G, Verhaeghe, F, editors. Environment and Subsistence in Medieval Europe. Papers of the ‘Medieval Europe Brugge 1997.’ Conference Volume 9. Brussels: Instituut voor het Archeologisch Patrimonium. p 6781.
Ervynck, A, Hillewaert, B, Maes, A, Van Strydonck, M. 2003. Tanning and horn-working at late- and post-medieval Brugge: the organic evidence. In: Murphy, P, Wiltshire, P, editors. The Environmental Archaeology of Industry. Oxford: Oxbow Books. p 6070.
Ervynck, A, Van Neer, W, Pieters, M. 2004. How the North was won (and lost again). Historical and archaeological data on the exploitation of the North Atlantic by the Flemish fishery. In: Housley, RA, Coles, G, editors. Atlantic Connections and Adaptations. Economies, Environments and Subsistence in Lands Bordering the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxbow. p 230–39.
Ervynck, A, Lentacker, A, Müldner, G, Richards, M, Dobney, K. 2007. An investigation into the transition from forest dwelling pigs to farm animals in medieval Flanders, Belgium.' In: Albarella, U, Dobney, K, Ervynck, A, Rowley-Conwy, P, editors. Pigs & Humans. 10,000 Years of Interaction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p 171–93.
Fischer, A, Heinemeier, J. 2003. Freshwater reservoir effect in 14C dates of food residue on pottery. Radiocarbon 45(3):449–66.
Fuller, BT, Müldner, G, Van Neer, W, Ervynck, A, Richards, MP. 2012. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratio analysis of freshwater, brackish and marine fish from Belgian archaeological sites (1st and 2nd millennium AD). Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 27:807–20.
Jørkov, MLS, Jørgensen, L, Lynnerup, N. 2010. Uniform diet in a diverse society. Revealing new dietary evidence of the Danish Roman Iron Age based on stable isotope analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143(4):523–33.
Lanting, JN, van der Plicht, J. 1998. Reservoir effects and apparent 14C ages. The Journal of Irish Archaeology IX:151–65.
Lee-Thorp, JA. 2008. On isotopes and old bones. Archaeometry 50(6):925–50.
Longin, R. 1971. New method of collagen extraction for radiocarbon dating. Nature 230(5291):241–2.
Müldner, GH. 2009. Investigating medieval diet and society by stable isotope analysis of human bone. In: Gilchrist, R, Reynolds, A, editors. Reflections: 50 Years of Medieval Archaeology. Leeds: Maney. p 327–46.
Müldner, G. In press. Marine fish consumption in medieval England - The isotope perspective. In: Barrett, J, Orton, D, editors. Cod and Consequences. The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing. Oxford: Oxbow.
Müldner, G, Britton, K, Ervynck, A. 2014. Inferring animal husbandry strategies in coastal zones through stable isotope analysis: new evidence from the Flemish coastal plain (Belgium, 1st–15th century AD). Journal of Archaeological Science 41:322–32.
Polet, C, Katzenberg, MA. 2003. Reconstruction of the diet in a mediaeval monastic community from the coast of Belgium. Journal of Archaeological Science 30(5):525–33.
Post, DM. 2002. Using stable isotopes to estimate trophic position: models, methods, and assumptions. Ecology 83(3):703–18.
Quintelier, K, Ervynck, A, Müldner, G, Van Neer, W, Richards, MP, Fuller, BT. 2014. Isotopic examination of links between diet, social differentiation, and DISH at the post-medieval Carmelite Friary of Aalst, Belgium. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 153(2):203–13.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Hajdas, I, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, McCormac, FG, Manning, SW, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Southon, JR, Talamo, S, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4):1111–50.
Reitsema, LJ, Crews, DE, Polcyn, M. 2010. Preliminary evidence for medieval Polish diet from carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. Journal of Archaeological Science 37(7):1413–23.
Smet, J, Maesen, K, De Gryse, J, Pieters, T. 2012. Archeologisch onderzoek dorpscentrum Slype. Ruben Willaert Rapport 7. Bruges: Ruben Willaert.
Stuiver, M, Braziunas, TF. 1993. Modeling atmospheric 14C influences and 14C ages of marine samples to 10,000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):137–91.
van Klinken, GJ. 1999. Bone collagen quality indicators for palaeodietary and radiocarbon measurements. Journal of Archaeological Science 26(6):687–95.
Van Neer, W, Ervynck, A. 2006. The zooarchaeological reconstruction of the development of the exploitation of the sea: a status quaestionis for Flanders. In: Pieters, M, Verhaeghe, F, Gevaert, G, editors. Fishery, Trade and Piracy. Fishermen and Fishermen's Settlements in and around the North Sea Area in the Middle Ages and Later. Archeologie in Vlaanderen Monografie 6. Brussels: Flemish Heritage Institute. p 95103.
Van Neer, W, Ervynck, A, Monsieur, P. 2010. Fish bones and amphorae: evidence for the production and consumption of salted fish products outside the Mediterranean region. Journal of Roman Archaeology 23(1):161–95.
Van Neer, W, Ervynck, A, Wouters, W, Muylaert, L, Barrett, J, Richards, M, Johnstone, C. In press. The rise of seafish consumption in inland Flanders (Belgium). In: Barrett, J, Orton, D, editors. Cod and Consequences. The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing. Oxford: Oxbow.
Van Strydonck, M, De Roock, E. 2011. Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage web-based radiocarbon database. Radiocarbon 53(2):367–70.
Van Strydonck, M, van der Borg, K. 1990–1991. The construction of a preparation line for AMS-targets at the Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage Brussels. Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage 23:228–34.
Van Strydonck, M, Ervynck, A, Vandenbruaene, M, Boudin, M. 2006. Relieken: echt of vals? Leuven: Davidsfonds.
Van Strydonck, M, Ervynck, A, Vandenbruaene, M, Boudin, M. 2009. Anthropology and 14C analysis of skeletal remains from relic shrines: an unexpected source of information for Medieval archaeology. Radiocarbon 51(2):569–77.
Van Uytven, R. 1979. Visserij in de Zuidelijke Nederlanden. In: Algemene Geschiedenis der Nederlanden 6. Haarlem: Fibula-Van Dishoeck. p 138–44.
Yoder, C. 2010. Diet in medieval Denmark: a regional and temporal comparison. Journal of Archaeological Science 37(9):2224–36.

Dating Human Remains from the Historical Period in Belgium: Diet Changes and the Impact of Marine and Freshwater Reservoir Effects

  • Anton Ervynck (a1), Mathieu Boudin (a2), Tess van den Brande (a2) and Mark van Strydonck (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed