Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-78dcdb465f-9mfzn Total loading time: 4.068 Render date: 2021-04-18T04:03:55.615Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Article contents

Carbon Isotopes in Tree Rings: Climate and the Suess Effect Interferences in the Last 400 Years

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Anna Pazdur
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Toshio Nakamura
Affiliation:
Nagoya University, Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya, Japan
Sławomira Pawełczyk
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Jacek Pawlyta
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Natalia Piotrowska
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Andrzej Rakowski
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland Nagoya University, Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya, Japan
Barbara Sensuła
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Małgorzata Szczepanek
Affiliation:
Department of Radioisotopes, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

New records of δ13C and Δ14C values in annual rings of pine and oak from different sites around the world were obtained with a time resolution of 1 yr. The results obtained for Europe (Poland), east Asia (Japan), and South America (Peru) are presented in this paper. The δ13C and radiocarbon concentration of α-cellulose from annual tree rings of pine and of the latewood of oak were measured by both accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and liquid scintillation spectrometry (LSC). The values of 14S, which represent decreasing 14C concentrations caused by the emission of CO2 from fossil fuel use (Suess effect; Suess 1955), were calculated for each site. Low average 14S (about −0.4 to 0.8%) values for clean areas and high values (about 3.4–3.6%) for industrial and/or urbanized areas were noted. Records of the δ13C values obtained for pine and oak from Poland were used to reconstruct climate changes during the last 400 yr. The results clearly indicate the climate cooling during the periods of the Maunder minimum (1645–1715) and the Dalton minimum (1790–1820). The anti-correlation between the δ13C and Δ14C records during those 2 periods is clear if the 14C record is shifted toward older ages by 24 yr.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

References

Craig, H. 1954. Carbon-13 in plants and the relationship between carbon-13 and carbon-14 variations in nature. Journal of Geology 62:115–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deines, P. 1980. The isotopic composition of reduced organic carbon. In: Fritz, P, Fontes, JC, editors. Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. New York: Elsevier. p 329406.Google Scholar
Esper, J, Cook, ER, Krusic, PJ, Peters, K, Schweingruber, FH. 2003. Tests of the RCS method for preserving low-frequency variability in long tree-ring chronologies. Tree-Ring Research 59(2):8198.Google Scholar
Francey, RJ, Farquhar, GD. 1982. An explanation of 13C/12C variations in tree rings. Nature 297(5861):2831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fritts, HC. 1976. Tree Rings and Climate. London: Academic Press. 579 p.Google ScholarPubMed
Green, JW. 1963. Wood cellulose. In: Whistler, RL, editor. Methods of Carbohydrate Chemistry. New York: Academic Press. p 921.Google Scholar
Helama, S, Lindholm, M, Timonen, M, Eronen, M. 2004. Detection of climate signal in dendrochronological data analysis: a comparison of tree-ring standardization methods. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 79(3–4):239–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hua, Q, Barbetti, M. 2004. Review of tropospheric bomb 14C data for carbon cycle modeling and age calibration purposes. Radiocarbon 46(3):1273–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krąpiec, M. 1998. Oak dendrochronology of the Neo-Holocene in Poland. Folia Quaternaria 69:5133.Google Scholar
Loader, NJ, Robertson, I, Barker, AC, Switsur, VR, Waterhouse, JS. 1997. An improved technique for the batch processing of small whole wood samples to α-cellulose. Chemical Geology 136(3–4):313–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marland, G, Boden, TA, Andres, RJ. 2005. Global, regional, and national fossil fuel CO2 emissions. In: Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.Google Scholar
Miyahara, H, Masuda, K, Furuzawa, H, Menjo, H, Muraki, Y, Kitagawa, H, Nakamura, T. 2004. Variation of the radiocarbon content in tree rings during the Spoerer minimum. Radiocarbon 46(2):965–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Park, R, Epstein, S. 1960. Carbon isotope fractionation during photosynthesis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 21(1–2):110–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pawełczyk, S, Pazdur, A. 2004. Carbon isotopic composition of tree rings as tool for biomonitoring CO2 level. Radiocarbon 46(2):701–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pawełczyk, S, Pazdur, A, Hałas, S. 2004. Stable carbon isotopic composition of tree rings from a pine tree from Augustów Wilderness, Poland, as temperature and local environment conditions indicator. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 40(2):145–54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pazdur, A, Korput, S, Fogtman, M, Szczepanek, M, Hałas, S, Krąpiec, E, Szychowska-Krąpiec, E. 2005. Carbon-13 in α-cellulose of oak latewood (Jędrzejów, southern Poland) during the Maunder minimum. Geological Quarterly 49(2):165–72.Google Scholar
Rakowski, AZ, Pawełczyk, S, Pazdur, A. 2001. Changes of 14C concentration in modern trees from Upper Silesia region, Poland. Radiocarbon 43(2B):679–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rakowski, AZ, Kuc, T, Nakamura, T, Pazdur, A. 2004a. Radiocarbon concentration in the atmosphere and modern tree rings in the Krakow area, southern Poland. Radiocarbon 46(2):911–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rakowski, AZ, Nakamura, T, Pazdur, A. 2004b. Changes in radiocarbon concentration in modern wood from Nagoya, central Japan. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223–224:507–10.Google Scholar
Rakowski, AZ, Kuc, T, Nakamura, T, Pazdur, A. 2005. Radiocarbon concentration in urban area. Geochronometria 24:63–8.Google Scholar
Rakowski, AZ, Nakamura, T, Pazdur, A. 2006. Variations of anthropogenic CO2 in urban area deduced by radiocarbon concentration in modern tree rings. Poster #166, 19th International Radiocarbon Conference, Oxford, United Kingdom, 3–7 April 2006.Google Scholar
Robertson, I, Switsur, VR, Carter, AHC, Barker, AC, Waterhouse, JS, Briffa, KR, Jones, PD. 1997. Signal strength and climate relationships in 13C/12C ratios of tree ring cellulose from oak in east England. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(D16):19,50716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stuiver, M, Braziunas, TF. 1993. Sun, ocean, climate and atmospheric 14CO2: an evaluation of causal and spectral relationships. The Holocene 3(4):289305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stuiver, M, Polach, HA. 1977. Discussion: reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3):355–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ, Braziunas, TF. 1998. High-precision radiocarbon age calibration for terrestrial and marine samples. Radiocarbon 40(3):1127–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suess, HE. 1955. Radiocarbon concentration in modern wood. Science 122(3166):415–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Szczepanek, M, Pazdur, A, Pawełczyk, S, Böttger, T, Haupt, M, Hałas, S, Bednarz, Z, Krąpiec, M, Szychowska-Krąpiec, E. 2006. Hydrogen, carbon and oxygen isotopes in pine and oak tree rings from southern Poland as climatic indicators in years 1900–2003. Geochronometria 25:6776.Google Scholar
Szychowska-Krąpiec, E, Krąpiec, M. 2005. The Scots pine chronology (AD 1584–2004) for the Suwałki region (NE Poland). Geochronometria 24:4152.Google Scholar
Wickman, FE. 1956. Variations in the relative abundance of carbon isotope in plants. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2(4):243–54.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 213 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

You have Access

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Carbon Isotopes in Tree Rings: Climate and the Suess Effect Interferences in the Last 400 Years
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Carbon Isotopes in Tree Rings: Climate and the Suess Effect Interferences in the Last 400 Years
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Carbon Isotopes in Tree Rings: Climate and the Suess Effect Interferences in the Last 400 Years
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *