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The Antiquity of the Prehistoric Settlement of the Central-South Brazilian Coast

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

T A Lima
Affiliation:
Departamento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Quinta da Boa Vista s/no, São Cristóvão, Cep 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
K D Macario
Affiliation:
Institute de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litorânea s/n, Gragoatá, Niterói, Cep 24210–340, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
R M Anjos
Affiliation:
Institute de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litorânea s/n, Gragoatá, Niterói, Cep 24210–340, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
P R S Gomes
Affiliation:
Institute de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litorânea s/n, Gragoatá, Niterói, Cep 24210–340, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
M M Coimbra
Affiliation:
Departamento de Física – CCE, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Caixa Postal 6001, Cep 86051-990, Londrina, PR, Brazil.
D Elmore
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, PRIME Lab, 1396 Physics Building, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

We discus here the prehistoric settlement of the central-south Brazilian coast, and, more specifically, 1 old radiocarbon date obtained for a costal shellmound, as well as its implications concerning the chronology attributed to the settlement process. The accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) technique was used to determine the 14C age of charcoal from a shellmound on the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro. The resulting age was 7860 ± 80 BP, an unexpected result that reinforces 2 similar previously obtained dates for the same region. Brazilian archaeologists, however, have questioned those 2 dates, because they would predate by some 2000 yr the antiquity consensually accepted for the settlement of the central-south Brazilian littoral.

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Copyright
Copyright © The Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

References

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