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Radiocarbon Age Offset Between Shell and Plant Pairs in the Holocene Sediments Under Hakata Bay, Western Japan

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2017

Toshimichi Nakanishi
Affiliation:
AIG Collaborative Research Institute for International Study on Eruptive History and Informatics, Fukuoka University, Nanakuma 8-19-1, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
Wan Hong*
Affiliation:
Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources, Gajeong-dong 30, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of Korea
Shoichi Shimoyama
Affiliation:
Institute of Lowland and Marine Research, Saga University, Honjyo 1, Saga 840-8502, Japan
Shin’ichi Sato
Affiliation:
Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, Ohya 836, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan
Gyujun Park
Affiliation:
Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources, Gajeong-dong 30, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of Korea
Jong-Geol Lee
Affiliation:
Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources, Gajeong-dong 30, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of Korea
*
*Corresponding author. Email: whong@kigam.re.kr.

Abstract

To measure chronological changes in the marine reservoir effect in western Japan, 47 marine shells and 35 terrestrial plants from the same horizons in two cores of Holocene sediments were radiocarbon dated by the KIGAM AMS facility. These cores were obtained from the central and northern parts of Hakata Bay using a Geoslicer device. This drilling tool provided us continuous coverage and many samples. In order to determine the species effects on the marine reservoir effect, both filter feeders and a deposit feeder were selected for study. Based on the analysis of lithology, mollusk assemblage, and 14C dating, two sedimentary units were determined: the upper bay floor sediment and lower estuarine sediment. Reservoir ages of 280±150 yr (n=17) and 340±140 yr (n=18) were obtained from the central and northern parts of Hakata Bay during 2000 to 10,000 cal BP, respectively. Based on these results, it is clear that a paleoenvironmental change occurred here as a result of sea-level rise during the deglacial period.

Type
14C as a Tracer of Past or Present Continental Environment
Copyright
© 2017 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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Footnotes

Selected Papers from the 2015 Radiocarbon Conference, Dakar, Senegal, 16–20 November 2015

References

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