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14C Dating Ancient Japanese Documents

  • Hirotaka Oda (a1), Toshio Nakamura (a1) and Michiaki Furukawa (a1)

Abstract

We measured radiocarbon ages of 11 pieces of ancient Japanese documents by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The purpose of this study is to compare the relationship between the calibrated 14C age and the historical age of Japanese paper samples. Calibrated ages of nine pieces agree with their historical ages, indicating that Japanese ancient documents can be used for 14C dating in the recent historic period. On the other hand, the 14C age of paper that was used for reinforcement of a sutra is ca. 300 yr older than the historical age of the sutra. This shows that the sutra was repaired with old paper.

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References

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Kitagawa, H., Masuzawa, T., Nakamura, T. and Matsumoto, E. 1993 A batch preparation method of graphite targets with low background for AMS 14C measurements. Radiocarbon 35(2): 295300.
Nakamura, T., Nakai, N., Sakase., T., Kimura, M., Ohishi, S., Taniguchi, M. and Yoshioka, S. 1985 Direct detection of radiocarbon using accelerator techniques and its application to age measurement. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 24: 17161723.
Nakamura, T. and Nakai, N. 1988 Fundamentals of radiocarbon dating. Memoirs of the Geological Society of Japan 29: 83106.
Oda, H. 1994 A study of correction for carbon isotopic fractionation in 14C/13C ratio measurement with AMS. Summaries of Research Using AMS at Nagoya University 5: 244251.
Stuiver, M. and Pearson, G. W. 1993 High-precision bidecadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, ad 1950–500 bc and 2500–6000 bc. In Stuiver, M., Long, A. and Kra, R. S., eds., Calibration 1993. Radiocarbon 35(1): 123.
Pearson, G. W. and Stuiver, M. 1993 High-precision bidecadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, 500–2500 bc. In Stuiver, M., Long, A. and Kra, R. S., eds., Calibration 1993. Radiocarbon 35(1): 2533.

14C Dating Ancient Japanese Documents

  • Hirotaka Oda (a1), Toshio Nakamura (a1) and Michiaki Furukawa (a1)

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