Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Δ14C and δ13C Variations in Organic Fractions of Baltic Sea Sediments

  • Galina Lujanienė (a1), Jonas Mažeika (a2), Hong-Chun Li (a3), Rimantas Petrošius (a1) (a2), Rūta Barisevišiūtė (a1), Kçstutis Jokšas (a2) (a4), Nijolė Remeikaitė-Nikienė (a1) (a5), Vitalijus Malejevas (a1) (a5), Galina Garnaga (a5), Algirdas Stankevišius (a1) (a5), Ieva Kulakauskaitė (a1) and Pavel P Povinec (a6)...

Abstract

This article investigates variations of Δ14C and δ13C of total organic carbon (TOC) in sediments as well as in humic acids, lipid, and phospholipid fractions isolated from the surface (0–3 cm) sediment samples collected in the Curonian Lagoon and in the Baltic Sea. This study was performed to estimate relative contributions of the marine and terrestrial inputs to organic carbon in sediments, to assess a possible effect of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination on radiocarbon signatures, and to elucidate a possible leakage of chemical warfare agents (CWA) at the Gotland Deep dumpsite. Depleted Δ14C values of the TOC (down to −453‰) and of the total lipid extracts (down to −812.4‰) were detected at the CWA dumpsite. Application of the compound-specific method indicated a possible effect of CWA on depleted Δ14C and δ13C values in the investigated organic carbon fractions. The obtained results have indicated the different origin and behavior of lipids and TOC at the CWA dumpsite as compared to the area affected by the terrestrial-freshwater OC input. The Δ14C data of the TOC and total lipid extracts showed that recent sediments at the CWA dumpsite contain an excess of fossil carbon capable of influencing the 14C dating at the site.

Copyright

Corresponding author

2 Corresponding author. Email: lujaniene@ar.fi.lt.

References

Hide All
Alling, V, Humborg, C, Mörth, C-M, Rahm, L, Pollehne, F. 2008. Tracing terrestrial organic matter by δ34S and δ13C signatures in a subarctic estuary. Limnology and Oceanography 53(6): 2594–602.
Asmala, EDG, Bowers, R, Kaartokallio, AH, Thomas, DN. 2014. Qualitative changes of riverine dissolved organic matter at low salinities due to flocculation. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 119(10): 1919–33.
Berndmeyer, Ch, Thiel, V, Schmale, O, Blumenberg, M. 2013. Biomarkers for aerobic methanotrophy in the water column of the stratified Gotland Deep (Baltic Sea). Organic Geochemistry 55:103–11.
Bodelier, PLE, Gillisen, M-JB, Hordijk, K, Damsté, JSS, Rijpstra, WIC, Geenevasen, JAJ, Dunfield, PF. 2009. A reanalysis of phospholipid fatty acids as ecological biomarkers for methanotrophic bacteria. The ISME Journal 3:606–17.
Cai, W-J, Wang, Y, Hodson, RE. 1998. Acid-base properties of dissolved organic matter in the estuarine waters of Georgia, USA. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 62(3):473–83.
Chevalier, N, Bouloubassi, I, Stadnitskaia, A, Taphanel, M-H, Damsté, JSS. 2014. Lipid biomarkers for anaerobic oxidation of methane and sulphate reduction in cold seep sediments of Nyegga pockmarks (Norwegian margin). Geo-Marine Letters 34(2-3):269–80.
Deutsch, B, Alling, V, Humborg, C, Korth, F, Mörth, CM. 2012. Tracing inputs of terrestrial high molecular weight dissolved organic matter within the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Biogeosciences 9:4465–75.
Druffel, ERM, Bauer, JE. 2000. Radiocarbon distributions in Southern Ocean dissolved and particulate organic matter. Geophysical Research Letters 27(10): 1495–8.
Druffel, ERM, Zhang, D, Xu, X, Ziolkowski, LA, Southon, JR, dos Santos, GM, Trumbore, SE. 2010. Compound-specific radiocarbon analyses of phospholipid fatty acids and n-alkanes in ocean sediments. Radiocarbon 52(2-3): 1215–23.
Franke, Z. 1973. Chemistry of warfare agents. Chimija 1:136. In Russian.
Garnaga, G, Wyse, E, Azemard, S, Stankevišius, A, de Mora, S. 2006. Arsenic in sediments from the southeastern Baltic Sea. Environmental Pollution 144(3):855–61.
Giani, M, Rampazzo, F, Berto, D. 2010. Humic acids contribution to sedimentary organic matter on a shallow continental shelf (northern Adriatic Sea). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 90(2): 103–10.
Gottdang, A, Mous, DJW, van der Plicht, J. 1995. The HVEE 14C system at Groningen. Radiocarbon 37(2): 649–56.
Hoikkala, L, Kortelainen, P, Soinne, H, Kuosa, H. 2015. Dissolved organic matter in the Baltic Sea. Journal of Marine Systems 142:4761.
International Organization for Standardization. 2004. ISO 16703:2004–11 (E). Soil quality - Determination of content of hydrocarbon in the range C10 to C40 by gas chromatography. Geneva. p 118.
Jansen, DL, Lundqvist, DP, Christiansen, Ch, Lund-Hansen, LC, Balstrøm, T Leipe, Th. 2003. Deposition of organic matter and particulate nitrogen and phosphorus at the North Sea-Baltic Sea transition – a GIS study. Oceanologija 45(1):283303.
Jednašak-Bišćan, J, Jurašić, M. 1987. Organic matter and surface properties of solid particles in the estuarine mixing zone. Marine Chemistry 22(2):257–63.
Keaveney, EM, Reimer, PJ, Foy, RH. 2015. Young, old, and weathered carbon—Part 2: using radiocarbon and stable isotopes to identify terrestrial carbon support of the food web in an alkaline, humic lake. Radiocarbon 57(3):425–38. [this issue].
Kim, J-C, Park, J-H, Kim, I-C, Lee, C, Cheoun, M-K, Kang, J, Song, Y-M, Jeong, S-C. 2001. Progress and protocol at the Seoul National University AMS facility. Journal of the Korean Physical Society 39(4):778–82.
Kuliński, K, Pempkowiak, J. 2011. The carbon budget of the Baltic Sea. Biogeosciences 8:3219–30.
Lujanienė, G, Garnaga, G, Remeikaitė-Nikienė, N, Jokšas, K, Garbaras, A, Skipitytė, R, Barisevišiūtė, R, Šilobritienė, B, Stankevišius, A, Kulakauskaitė, I, Ššiglo, T. 2013. Cs, Am and Pu isotopes as tracers of sedimentation processes in the Curonian Lagoon – Baltic Sea system. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 296(2):787–92.
Lujanienė, G, Jokšas, K, Šilobritienė, B, Morkūnienė, R. 2005. Physical and chemical characteristics of 137Cs in the Baltic Sea. Radioactivity in the Environment 8:165–79.
Lujanienė, G, Remeikaitė-Nikienė, N, Garnaga, G, Jokšas, K, Šilobritienė, B, Stankevišius, A, Šemšuk, S, Kulakauskaitė, I. 2014. Transport of 137Cs, 241Am and Pu isotopes in the Curonian Lagoon and the Baltic Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 127:40–9.
Medvedeva, N, Polyak, Y, Kankaanpää, H, Zaytseva, T. 2009. Microbial responses to mustard gas dumped in the Baltic Sea. Marine Environmental Research 68(2):7181.
Mollenhauer, G, Rethemeyer, J. 2009. Compound-specific radiocarbon analysis – analytical challenges and applications. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 5:012006.
Mook, WG, Tan, FC. 1991. Stable carbon isotopes in rivers and estuaries. In: Degens, ET, Kempe, S, Richey, JE, editors. Biogeochemistry of Major World Rivers. Chichester: John Wiley. p 245–64.
Moran, MA, Hodson, RE. 1989. Formation and bacterial utilization of dissolved organic carbon derived from detrital lignocellulose. Limnology and Oceanography 34(6):1034–47.
Pazdro, K, Staniszewski, A, Bełdowski, J, Emeis, K-Ch, Leipe, Th, Pempkowiak, J. 2001. Variations in organic matter bound in fluffy layer suspended matter from the Pomeranian Bay (Baltic Sea). Oceanologija 43(4):405–20.
Remeikaitė-Nikienė, N, Lujanienė, G, Garnaga, G, Jokšas, K, Garbaras, A, Skipitytė, R, Barisevišiūtė, R, Šilobritienė, B, Stankevišius, A. 2012. Redistribution of trace elements and radionuclides in the Curonian Lagoon and the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea. Presented at the IEEE/OES Baltic 2012 International Symposium “Ocean: Past, Present and Future. Climate Change Research, Ocean Observations and Advanced Technologies for Regional Sustainability.
Sahu, A, Pancha, I, Jain, D, Paliwal, C, Ghosh, T, Patidar, S, Bhattacharya, S, Mishra, S. 2013. Fatty acids as biomarkers of microalgae. Phytochemistry 89:53–8.
Schmale, O, Blumenberg, M, Kießlich, K, Jakobs, G, Berndmeyer, C, Labrenz, M, Thiel, V, Rehder, G. 2012. Aerobic methanotrophy within the pelagic redoxzone of the Gotland Deep (central Baltic Sea). Biogeosciences 9:4969–77.
Schubert, CJ, Calvert, SE. 2001. Nitrogen and carbon isotopic composition of marine and terrestrial organic matter in Arctic Ocean sediments: implications for nutrient utilization and organic matter composition. Deep-Sea Research I 48(3):789810.
Soborovsky, LZ, Epstein, GY. 1938. Chemistry and Technology of Chemical Warfare Agents. Moscow: GIOP, SSSR. In Russian.
Stedmon, CA, Thomas, DN, Granskog, M, Kaartokallio, H, Papadimitriou, S, Kuosa, H. 2007. Characteristics of dissolved organic matter in Baltic coastal sea ice: allochthonous or autochthonous origins? Environmental Science & Technology 41(21):7273–9.
Stevenson, FJ. 1994. Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reaction. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
Sun, M-Y, Wakeham, SG. 1994. Molecular evidence for degradation and preservation of organic matter in the anoxic Black Sea Basin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58(16):3395–406.
Swift, RS. 1996. Organic matter characterization. In: Sparks, DL, Bartles, JM, Bigham, JM, editors. Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 3. Chemical Methods. Madison: Soil Science Society of America. p 1018–20.
Szczepańska, A, Zaborska, A, Maciejewska, A, Kuliński, K, Pempkowiak, J. 2012. Distribution and origin of organic matter in the Baltic Sea sediments dated with 210Pb and 137Cs. Geochronometria 39(1):19.
Szymczycha, B, Maciejewska, A, Winogradow, A, Pempkowiak, J. 2014. Could submarine groundwater discharge be a significant carbon source to the southern Baltic Sea? Oceanologija 56(2):327–47.
Tiwari, SC, Sureshkumar Singh, S, Dkhar, MS, Schloter, M, Gattinger, A. 2011. Microbial community structures of degraded and undegraded humid tropical forest soils as measured by phospholipid fatty acid [PLFA] profiles. Journal of Biodiversity and Ecological Sciences 1(3):197212.
Uchida, M, Shibata, Y, Kawamura, K, Kumamoto, Y, Yoneda, M, Ohkushi, N, Harada, M, Hirota, M, Mukai, , Tanaka, A, Kusakabe, M, Morita, M. 2001. Compound-specific radiocarbon ages of fatty acids in marine sediments from the Western North Pacific. Radiocarbon 43(2B):949–56.
Ulfsbo, A, Kuliński, K, Anderson, LG, Turner, DR. 2015. Modelling organic alkalinity in the Baltic Sea using a Humic-Pitzer approach. Marine Chemistry 168:1826.
Volkman, JK, Barrett, SM, Blackburn, SI, Mansour, MP, Sikes, EL, Gelin, F. 1998. Microalgal biomarkers: a review of recent research developments. Organic Geochemistry 29(5-7):1163–79.
Volkman, JK, Revill, AT, Holdsworth, DG, Fredericks, D. 2008. Organic matter sources in an enclosed coastal inlet assessed using lipid biomarkers and stable isotopes. Organic Geochemistry 39(6):689710.
Wakeham, SG, Amann, R, Freeman, KH, Hopmans, EC, Jorgensen, BB, Putnam, IF, Schouten, S, Damsté, JS, Talbot, HM, Woebken, D. 2007. Microbial ecology of the stratified water column of the Black Sea as revealed by a comprehensive biomarker study. Organic Geochemistry 38(12):2070–97.
Zelles, L. 1999. Fatty acid patterns of phospholipids and lipopolysaccharides in the characterisation of microbial communities in soil: a review. Biology and Fertility of Soils 29(2):111–29.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed