Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Strong coupling of centennial-scale changes of Asian monsoon and soil processes derived from stalagmite δ18O and δ13C records, southern China

  • Dianbing Liu (a1), Yongjin Wang (a1), Hai Cheng (a2) (a3), R. Lawrence Edwards (a2), Xinggong Kong (a1) and Ting-Yong Li (a4)...

Abstract

The paleoclimate application of speleothem δ13C is influenced by site-specific processes. Here we present four stalagmite δ13C records from two caves in southern China, covering early and late Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 and the Holocene, to investigate the spatio-temporal pattern of calcite δ13C changes and the relationship with Asian monsoon (AM) variability. In each growth period, precessional- to millennial-scale changes are clear in the δ18O record. In contrast, millennial variability is absent in the δ13C record, which characterizes persistent centennial oscillations. However, centennial-scale δ18O variations agree well with those of δ13C, with a larger amplitude in δ13C changes (about twice that of δ18O). This suggests that soil humidity balance associated with regional hydrological circulations is important for these centennial δ13C changes, although evaporation-related kinetic fractionation can induce concurrent enrichments in δ18O and δ13C. In frequency, the detrended δ18O and δ13C records are coupled at a periodicity of about 300 yr during the last glacial period and 150 yr during the Holocene. Those centennial-scale δ13C variations are generally consistent with Greenland temperature variability, indicating a climate response over broad regions. Thus, strong co-variation of δ18O and δ13C records should have a climatic origin, even if it is amplified by kinetic effects.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. E-mail address: ldb9921@njnu.edu.cn (D. Liu), yjwang@njnu.edu.cn (Y. Wang), cheng021@umn.edu (H. Cheng), edwar001@umn.edu (R.L. Edwards), kongxinggong@njnu.edu.cn (X. Kong), cdlty@swu.edu.cn (T.-Y. Li).

References

Hide All
ArnoneIII, J.A., Verburg, P.S.J., Johnson, D.W., Larsen, J.D., Jasoni, R.L., Lucchesi, A.J., Batts, C.M., von Nagy, C., Coulombe, W.G., Schorran, D.E., Buck, P.E., Braswell, B.H., Coleman, J.S., Sherry, R.A., Wallace, L.L., Luo, Y.Q., Schimel, D.S., (2008). Prolonged suppression of ecosystem carbon dioxide uptake after an anomalously warm year.. Nature 455, 383386.
Baker, A., Ito, E., Smart, P.L., McEwan, R.F., (1997). Elevated and variable values of 13C in speleothems in a British cave system.. Chemical Geology 136, 263270.
Baldini, J.U.L., McDermott, F., Baker, A., Baldini, L.M., Mattey, D.P., Railsback, L.B., (2005). Biomass effects on stalagmite growth and isotope ratios: a 20th century analogue from Wiltshire, England.. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 240, 486494.
Blunier, T., Spahni, R., Barnola, J.-M., Chappellaz, J., Loulergue, L., Schwander, J., (2007). Synchronization of ice core records via atmospheric gases.. Climate of the Past 3, 325330.
Blyth, A.J., Smith, C.I., Drysdale, R.N., (2013). A new perspective on the δ13C signal preserved in speleothems using LC-IRMS analysis of bulk organic matter and compound specific isotope analysis.. Quaternary Science Reviews 75, 143149.
Bond, G., Showers, W., Cheseby, M., Lotti, R., Almasi, P., deMenocal, P., Priore, P., Cullen, H., Hajdas, I., Bonani, G., (1997). A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates.. Science 278, 12571266.
Burns, S.J., Fleitmann, D., Mudelsee, M., Neff, U., Matter, A., Mangini, A., (2002). A 780- monsoon precipitation from a speleothem from south Oman.. Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D20 4434year annually resolved record of Indian Ocean 10.1029/2001JD001281.
Burns, S.J., Fleitmann, D., Matter, A., Kramers, J., Al-Subbary, A.A., (2003). Indian ocean climate and an absolute chronology over Dansgaard/Oeschger events 9 to 13.. Science 301, 13651367.
Cai, Y.J., An, Z.S., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Kelly, M.J., Liu, W.G., Wang, X.F., Shen, C.-C., (2006). High-resolution absolute-dated Indian Monsoon record between 53 and 36 ka from Xiaobailong Cave, southwestern China.. Geology 34, 621624.
Carvalhais, N., Forkel, M., Khomik, M., Bellarby, J., Jung, M., Migliavacca, M., Mu, M.Q., Saatchi, S., Santoro, M., Thurner, M., Weber, U., Ahrens, B., Beer, C., Cescatti, A., Randerson, J.T., Reichstein, M., (2014). Global covariation of carbon turnover times with climate in terrestrial ecosystems.. Nature 514, 213217.
Cerling, T.E., Solomon, D.K., Quade, J., Bowman, J.R., (1991). On the isotopic composition of carbon in soil carbon dioxide.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 34033405.
Cheng, H., Sinha, A., Wang, X.F., Cruz, F.W., Edwards, R.L., (2012). The Global Paleomonsoon as seen through speleothem records from Asia and the Americas.. Climate Dynamics10.1007/s00382-012-1363-7.
Conant, R.T., Ryan, M.G., Ågren, G.I., Birge, H.E., Davidson, E.A., Eliasson, P.E., Evans, S.E., Frey, S.D., Giardina, C.P., Hopkins, F.M., Hyvönen, R., Kirschbaum, M.U.F., Lavallee, J.M., Leifeld, J., Parton, W.J., Steinweg, J.M., Wallenstein, M.D., Wetterstedt, J.Å.M., Bradford, M.A., (2011). Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates – synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward.. Global Change Biology 17, 33923404.
Cruz, J.F.W., Burns, S.J., Karmann, I., Sharp, W.D., Vuille, M., Ferrari, J.A., (2006). A stalagmite record of changes in atmospheric circulation and soil processes in the Brazilian subtropics during the Late Pleistocene.. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 27492761.
Deininger, M., Fohlmeister, J., Scholz, D., Mangini, A., (2012). Isotope disequilibrium effects: the influence of evaporation and ventilation effects on the carbon and oxygen isotope comparison of speleothems – a model approach.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 96, 5779.
Ding, Y.H., Wang, Z.Y., Sun, Y., (2008). Inter-decadal variation of the summer precipitation in East China and its association with decreasing Asian summer monsoon. Part I: observed evidences.. International Journal of Climatology 28, 11391161.
Dorale, J.A., González, L.A., Reagan, M.K., Pickett, D.A., Murrell, M.T., Baker, R.G., (1992). A high-resolution record of Holocene climate change in speleothem calcite from Cold Water Cave, northeast Iowa.. Science 258, 16261630.
Dorale, J.A., Liu, Z., (2009). Limitations of Hendy Test criteria in judging the paleoclimatic suitability of speleothems and the need for replication.. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 71, 7380.
Dreybrodt, W., Scholz, D., (2011). Climatic dependence of stable carbon and oxygen isotope signals recorded in speleothem: from soil water to speleothem calcite.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 734752.
Dreybrodt, W., Deininger, M., (2014). The impact of evaporation to the isotope composition of DIC in calcite precipitating water films in equilibrium and kinetic fractionation models.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 125, 433439.
Du, R.R., Chen, J.A., Zeng, Y., Zhu, Z.J., (2013). Climate change recorded mainly by pollen from baiixian lake during the last 5.5 ka B.P.. Acta Ecologica Sinica 33, 37833791.(in Chinese).
Duan, F.C., Wang, Y.J., Shen, C.-C., Wang, Y., Cheng, H., Wu, C.-C., Hu, H.-M., Kong, X.G., Liu, D.B., Zhao, K., (2014a). Evidence of solar cycles in a late Holocene speleothem record from Dongge Cave, China.. Nature Scientific Report 4, 515910.1038/srep05159.
Duan, F.C., Liu, D.B., Cheng, H., Wang, X.F., Wang, Y.J., Kong, X.G., Chen, S.T., (2014b). A high-resolution monsoon record of millennial-scale oscillations during Late MIS 3 from Wulu Cave, south-west China.. Journal of Quaternary Science 29, 8390.
Fairchild, I.J., Smith, C.L., Baker, A., Fuller, L., Spötl, C., Mattey, D., McDermott, F., E.I.M.F, , (2006). Modification and preservation of environmental signals in speleothems.. Earth-Sciences Reviews 75, 105153.
Feng, W.M., Casteel, R.C., Banner, J.L., Heinze-Fry, A., (2014). Oxygen isotope variations in rainfall, drip-water and speleothem calcite from a well-ventilated cave in Texas, USA: assessing a new speleothem temperature proxy.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 127, 233250.
Frappier, A., Sahagian, D., González, L.A., Carpenter, S.J., (2002). El Niño events recorded by stalagmite carbon isotopes.. Science 298, 565.
Frappier, A.B., Sahagian, D., Carpenter, S.J., González, L.A., Frappier, B.R., (2007). Stalagmite stable isotope record of recent tropical cyclone events.. Geology 35, 111114.
Genty, D., Baker, A., Massault, M., Proctor, C., Gilmour, M., Pons-Branchu, E., Hamelin, B., (2001). Dead carbon in stalagmites: carbonate bedrock paleodissolution vs. ageing of soil organic matter. Implications for 13C variations in speleothems.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65, 34433457.
Genty, D., Blamart, D., Ouahdi, R., Gilmour, M., Baker, A., Jouzel, J., Van-Exter, S., (2003). Precise dating of Dansgaard-Oeschger climate oscillations in western Europe from stalagmite data.. Nature 421, 833837.
Genty, D., Blamart, D., Ghaleb, B., Plagnes, V., Causse, Ch., Bakalowicz, M., Zouari, K., Chkir, N., Hellstrom, J., Wainer, K., Bourges, F., (2006). Timing and dynamics of the last deglaciation from European and North African δ13C stalagmite profiles—comparison with Chinese and South Hemisphere stalagmites.. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 21182142.
Grünzweig, J.M., Hemming, D., Maseyk, K., Lin, T.B., Rotenberg, E., Raz-Yaseef, N., Falloon, P.D., Yakir, D., (2009). Water limitation to soil CO2 efflux in a pine forest at the semiarid “timberline”.. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, G0300810.1029/2008JG000874.
Hellstrom, J., McCulloch, M., Stone, J., (1998). A detailed 31,000-year record of climate and vegetation change, from the isotope geochemistry of two New Zealand speleothems.. Quaternary Research 50, 167178.
Hendy, C.H., (1971). The isotopic geochemistry of speleothems-I. The calculation of the effects of different modes of formation on the isotopic composition of speleothems and their applicability as paleoclimatic indicators.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35, 801824.
Hercman, H., Pawlak, J., (2012). MOD-AGE: an age-depth model construction algorithm.. Quaternary Geochronology 12, 110.
Hodge, E.J., Richard, D.A., Smart, P.L., Andreo, B., Hoffmann, D.L., Mattey, D.P., González-Ramón, A., (2008). Effective precipitation in south Spain (∼ 266 to 46 ka) based on a speleothem stable carbon isotope record.. Quaternary Research 69, 447457.
Jiang, Z.C., Lian, Y.Q., Qin, X.Q., (2014). Rocky desertification in Southwest China: impacts, cause, and restoration.. Earth-Science Reviews 132, 112.
Johnsen, S.J., Dahl-Jensen, D., Gundestrup, N., Steffensen, J.P., Clausen, H.B., Miller, H., Masson-Delmotte, V., Sveinbjörnsdottir, A.E., White, J., (2001). Oxygen isotope and palaeotemperature records from six Greenland ice-core stations: Camp Century, Dye-3, GRIP, GISP2, Renland and NorthGRIP.. Journal of Quaternary Science 16, 299307.
Johnston, V.E., Borsato, A., Spötl, C., Frisia, S., Miotandi, R., (2013). Stable isotopes in caves over altitudinal gradients: fractionation behaviour and inferences for speleothem sensitivity to climate change.. Climate of the Past 9, 99118.
Keeling, C.D., Mook, W.G., Jans, P.P., (1979). Recent trend in the 13C/12C ratio of atmospheric carbon dioxide.. Nature 277, 121123.
Kirschbaum, M.U.F., (1995). The temperature dependence of soil organic matter decomposition, and the effect of global warming on soil organic C storage.. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 27, 753760.
Kong, X.G., Wang, Y.J., Wu, J.Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Wang, X.F., (2005). Complicated response of stalagmite δ13C to climate change during the last glaciation from Hulu Cave, Nanjing, China.. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 48, 21742181.
Lambert, W.J., Aharon, P., (2011). Controls on dissolved inorganic carbon and δ13C in a cave waters from DeSoto Caverns: implications for speleothem δ13C assessments.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 753768.
Lemieux-Dudon, B., Blayo, E., Petit, J.-R., Waelbroeck, C., Svensson, A., Ritz, C., Barnola, J.-M., Narcisi, B.M., Parrenin, F., (2010). Consistent dating of Antarctic and Greenland ice cores.. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 820.
Liu, D.B., Wang, Y.J., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Kong, X.G., Wang, X.F., Hardt, B., Wu, J.Y., Chen, S.T., Jiang, X.Y., He, Y.Q., Dong, J.G., Zhao, K., (2010). Sub-millennial variability of Asian monsoon intensity during the early MIS 3 and its analogue to the ice age terminations.. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 11071115.
Lowe, J.J., Rasmussen, S.O., Bjöck, S., Hoek, W.Z., Steffensen, J.P., Walker, M.J.C., Yu, Z.C., the INTIMATE group, (2008). Synchronisation of palaeoenvironmental events in the North Atlantic region during the Last Termination: a revised protocol recommended by the INTIMATE group.. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 617.
Mattey, D., Lowry, D., Duffet, J., Fisher, R., Hodge, E., Frisia, S., (2008). A 53 year seasonally resolved oxygen and carbon isotope record from a modern Gibraltar speleothem: reconstructed drip water and relationship to local precipitation.. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 269, 8095.
McDermott, F., (2004). Palaeo-climate reconstruction from stable isotope variations in speleothems: a review.. Quaternary Science Reviews 23, 901918.
Meyer, K.W., Feng, W.M., Breecker, D.O., Banner, J.L., Guilfoyle, A., (2014). Interpretation of speleothem calcite δ13C variations: evidence from monitoring soil CO2, drip water, and modern speleothem calcite in central Texas.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 142, 281298.
Mickler, P.J., Banner, J.L., Stern, L., Asmerom, Y., Edwards, R.L., Ito, E., (2004). Stable isotope variations in modern tropical speleothems: evaluating equilibrium vs. kinetic isotope effects.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68, 43814393.
Mickler, P.J., Stern, L.A., Banner, J.L., (2006). Large kinetic isotope effects in modern speleothems.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 118, 6581.
Mühlinghaus, C., Scholz, D., Mangini, A., (2007). Modelling stalagmite growth and δ13C as a function of drip interval and temperature.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71, 27802790.
Mühlinghaus, C., Scholz, D., Mangini, A., (2009). Modelling fractionation of stable isotopes in stalagmites.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 72757289.
Rasmussen, S.O., Seierstad, I.K., Andersen, K.K., Bigler, M., Dahl-Jensen, D., Johnsen, S.J., (2008). Synchronization of the NGRIP, GRIP, and GISP2 ice cores across MIS 2 and paleoclimatic implications.. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 1828.
Ridley, H.E., Asmerom, Y., Baldini, J.U.L., Breitenbach, S.F.M., Aquino, V.V., Prufer, K.M., Culleton, B.J., Polyak, V., Lechleitner, F.A., Kennett, D.J., Zhang, M.H., Marwan, N., Macpherson, C.G., Baldini, L.M., Xiao, T.Y., Peterkin, J.L., Awe, J., Haug, G.H., (2015). Aerosol forcing of the position of the intertropical convergence zone since AD 1550.. Nature Geoscience 8, 195200.
Romanov, D., Kaufmann, G., Dreybrodt, W., (2008). δ13C profiles along growth layers of stalagmites: comparing theoretical and experimental results.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72, 438448.
Scholz, D., Mühlinghaus, C., Mangini, A., (2009). Modelling δ13C and δ18O in the solution layer on stalagmite surfaces.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 25922602.
Scholz, D., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Spötl, C., Fohlmeister, J., Mudelsee, M., Miorandi, R., Mangini, A., (2012). Holocene climate variability in north-eastern Italy: potential influence of the NAO and solar activity recorded by speleothem data.. Climate of the Past 8, 13671383.
Shen, C.-C., Edwards, R.L., Cheng, H., Dorale, J.A., Thomas, R.B., Moran, S.B., Weinstein, S.E., Edmonds, H.N., (2002). Uranium and thorium isotopic and concentration measurements by magnetic sector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.. Chemical Geology 185, 165178.
Stoll, H., Mendez-Vicente, A., Gonzalez-Lemos, S., Moreno, A., Cacho, I., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., (2015). Interpretation of orbital scale variability in mid-latitude speleothem δ18O: significance of growth rate controlled kinetic fractionation effects.. Quaternary Science Reviews 127, 215228.
Svensson, A., Andersen, K.K., Bigler, M., Clausen, H.B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Davies, S.M., Johnsen, S.J., Muscheler, R., Parrenin, F., Rasmussen, S.O., Röthlisberger, R., Seierstad, I., Steffensen, J.P., Vinther, B.M., (2008). A 60 000 year Greenland stratigraphic ice core chronology.. Climate of the Past 4, 4757.
Tremaine, D.M., Froelich, P.N., Wang, Y., (2011). Speleothem calcite farmed in situ: modern calibration of δ18O and δ13C paleoclimate proxies in a continuously-monitored natural cave system.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 49294950.
Trumbore, S.E., (1997). Potential responses of soil organic carbon to global environmental change.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94, 82848291.
Wang, Y.J., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., He, Y.Q., Kong, X.G., An, Z.S., Wu, J.Y., Kelly, M.J., Dykoski, C.A., Li, X.D., (2005). The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate.. Science 308, 854857.
Zhao, K., Wang, Y.J., Edwards, R.L., Cheng, H., Liu, D.B., (2010). High-resolution stalagmite δ18O records of Asian monsoon changes in central and southern China spanning the MIS 3/2 transition.. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 298, 191198.
Zhao, Z.Y., Yuan, D.X., Shi, S.Q., Luo, L.D., (2012). MIS3b vegetation and climate changes based on pollen and charcoal on Qianxi Plateau.. Acta Ecologica Sinica 32, 48114818.(in Chinese).

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Liu et al. Supplementary Material
Supplementary Material

 Word (8.0 MB)
8.0 MB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed