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Strong coupling of centennial-scale changes of Asian monsoon and soil processes derived from stalagmite δ18O and δ13C records, southern China

  • Dianbing Liu (a1), Yongjin Wang (a1), Hai Cheng (a2) (a3), R. Lawrence Edwards (a2), Xinggong Kong (a1) and Ting-Yong Li (a4)...


The paleoclimate application of speleothem δ13C is influenced by site-specific processes. Here we present four stalagmite δ13C records from two caves in southern China, covering early and late Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 and the Holocene, to investigate the spatio-temporal pattern of calcite δ13C changes and the relationship with Asian monsoon (AM) variability. In each growth period, precessional- to millennial-scale changes are clear in the δ18O record. In contrast, millennial variability is absent in the δ13C record, which characterizes persistent centennial oscillations. However, centennial-scale δ18O variations agree well with those of δ13C, with a larger amplitude in δ13C changes (about twice that of δ18O). This suggests that soil humidity balance associated with regional hydrological circulations is important for these centennial δ13C changes, although evaporation-related kinetic fractionation can induce concurrent enrichments in δ18O and δ13C. In frequency, the detrended δ18O and δ13C records are coupled at a periodicity of about 300 yr during the last glacial period and 150 yr during the Holocene. Those centennial-scale δ13C variations are generally consistent with Greenland temperature variability, indicating a climate response over broad regions. Thus, strong co-variation of δ18O and δ13C records should have a climatic origin, even if it is amplified by kinetic effects.


Corresponding author

Corresponding author. E-mail address: (D. Liu), (Y. Wang), (H. Cheng), (R.L. Edwards), (X. Kong), (T.-Y. Li).


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