Skip to main content Accessibility help

Refinements of the European Mammal Biochronology from the Magnetic Polarity Record of the Plio–Pleistocene Zújar Section, Guadix-Baza Basin, SE Spain

  • Oriol Oms (a1), Jaume Dinarès-Turell (a2), Jordi Agustı́ (a3) and Josep M. Parés (a4)


The magnetobiostratigraphy study of the 130-m-thick Zújar section (Negratı́n clays unit, Guadix-Baza Basin, Spain) provides a remarkable opportunity to improve the correlation of European mammal biostratigraphy to the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale. The occurrence of 12 well-defined magnetozones and four paleontological sites with diagnostic faunas ranging from the MN 15 biozone (Ruscinian) to the MN 17 biozone (Villanyian), leads to an unambiguous correlation to chrons spanning from the Gilbert to the Matuyama epochs. This provides two new time constraints: (1) the boundary between MN 15 (Ruscinian) and MN 16 (Villanyian) biozones is recorded between chron C2An.3n and the base of chron C2An.2n and (2) the boundary between the upper and lower MN 16 subzones (Villanyian) is located between chron C2An.2n and the base of chron C2An.1n. The correlation between the Ruscinian–Villanyian boundary and the 3.3-myr-B.P. cooling event seems to be confirmed, while the early/late Villanyian boundary could be tentatively correlated to the glacial event at 2.6 myr B.P. Furthermore, MN 15 faunas are found in the lowermost part of chron C2Ar, which is in agreement with and reinforces the emplacement of the MN 14–MN 15 Ruscinian zones boundary at the reversal from chron 3n.1n to chron C2Ar.



Hide All
Aguirre, J., Agustı́, J., Castillo, C., and Ferriz, J.J. (1992). Marine-continental correlation in the Pliocene of the Guadalquivir basin and the Mediterranean margin (Spain). Atlantic General Events during Neogenep. 11–14
Aguirre, J., Castillo, C., Ferriz, F.J., Agustı́, J., and Oms, O. (1994). Marine-continental magnetobiostratigraphic correlation of the Dolomys subzone (Middle of Late Ruscinian): Implications for the Late Ruscinian Age. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 117, 139152.
Agustı́, J. (1986). Syntèse biostratigraphique du Plio-Pléistocène de Guadix-Baza (Province de Granada, sudest de l'Espagne). Geobios 19, 505510.
Agustı́, J., Galobart, A., and Martı́n Suárez, E. (1993). Kislangia gusii . Scripta Geologica 103, 119134.
Agustı́, J., and Moyà-Solà, S. (1991). Spanish Neogene Mammal succession and its bearing on continental biochronology. Newsletter Stratigraphy 25, 91114.
Agustı́, J., Oms, O., Garcés, M., and Parés, J.M. (1997). Calibration of the late Pliocene–early Pleistocene transition in the continental beds of the Guadix–Baza Basin (Southern Spain). Quaternary International 40, 93100.
Berggren, W.A., Hilgen, F.J., Langereis, C.G., Kent, D.K., Obradovich, J.D., Raffi, Y., Raymo, M.E., and Shackleton, N.J. (1995). Late Neogene chronology: New perspectives in high-resolution stratigraphy. Geological Society of American Bulletin 107, 12721287.
Cande, S.C., and Kent, D. (1995). Revised calibration of the geomagnetic polarity time scale for the late Cretaceous and Cenozoic. Journal of Geophysical Research 100, 60936095.
Clement, B.M., and Robinson, F. (1986). The magnetostratigraphy of leg 94 sediments. Initial Report DSDP 94, 921924.
Garcés, M., Agustı́, J., Cabrera, L., and Parés, J.M. (1996). Magnetostratigraphy of the Vallesian (late Miocene) in the Vallès–Penedès Basin (northeast Spain). Earth Planetary Science Letters 142, 381396.
Garcés, M., Agustı́, J., and Parés, J.M. (1997). Late Pliocene Continental Chronology from the Guadix–Baza basin (Betics, Spain). Earth Planetary Science Letters 146, 677687.
Garcés, M., Parés, J.M., and Cabrera, L. (1996). Further evidence for inclination shallowing in red beds. Geophysical Research Letters 23, 20652068.
Keigwin, L.D. (1986). Pliocene stable-isotope record of the deep sea drilling project site 606: Sequential events of18 . Initial Report DSDP 94, 911920.
Kirschvink, J.L. (1980). The least-squares line and plane and the analysis of paleomagnetic data. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 62, 699718.
Krijgsman, W., Garcés, M., Langereis, C.G., Daams, R., van Dam, J., van der Meulen, A.J., Agustı́, J., and Cabrera, L. (1996). A new chronology for the middle to late Miocene continental record in Spain. Earth Planetary Science Letters 142, 367380.
Lindsay, E. Correlation of Eurasian late Cenozoic mammal chronology with the magnetic polarity time scale. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 133, (1997). 117289.
Lindsay, E. (1997). Eurasian mammal biochronology: An overview. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 133, 117128.
Mein, P. (1975). Resultats du Groupe de travail des vertebres. Report on Activity of RCMNS Working Groupp. 78–81
Mein, P. (1990). Updating of the MN zones.Lindsay, European Neogene Mammal Chronology Plenum, New York.7390.
Mein, P., Moissenet, E., and Adrover, R. (1990). Biostratigraphie du Néogène Supérieur du bassin de Teruel. Paleontologia i Evolució 23, 121139.
Oms, O., Garcés, M., Parés, J.M., Agustı́, J., Anadón, P., and Julià, R. (1994). Magnetostratigraphic characterization of a thick Lower Pleistocene lacustrine sequence from the Baza Basin (Betic Chain, Southern Spain). Physics Earth Planetary Interiors 85, 173180.
Opdyke, N., Mein, P., Lindsay, E., Perez-González, A., Moissenet, E., and Norton, V.L. (1997). Continental deposits, magnetostratigraphy and vertebrate paleontology, late Neogene of Eastern Spain. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 133, 129148.
Peña, J.A. (1985). La Depresión de Guadix-Baza. Estudios geológicos 41, 3346.
Sanz de Galdeano, C., and Vera, J.A. (1992). Stratigraphic record and palaeogeographical context of the neogene basins in the Betic Cordillera, Spain. Basin Research 4, 2136.
Tauxe, L., and Kent, D.V. (1984). Properties of a detrital remanence carried by hematite from study of modern river deposits and laboratory experiments. Geophysical Journal Royal Astronomical Society 77, 543561.
Vera, J.A. (1970). Estudio estratigráfico de la Depresión de Guadix-Baza. Boletı́n Geológico Minero España 84, 429462.
Zijderveld, J.D.A. (1967). A. C. demagnetization of rocks: Analysis of results.Collison, D.W. Methods in Paleomagnetism Elsevier, Amsterdam.254286.


Refinements of the European Mammal Biochronology from the Magnetic Polarity Record of the Plio–Pleistocene Zújar Section, Guadix-Baza Basin, SE Spain

  • Oriol Oms (a1), Jaume Dinarès-Turell (a2), Jordi Agustı́ (a3) and Josep M. Parés (a4)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed