Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Quaternary evolution of the intermontane Val d'Agri Basin, Southern Apennines

  • Irene Zembo (a1), Laura Panzeri (a2), Anna Galli (a2) (a3), Riccardo Bersezio (a1) (a4), Marco Martini (a2) and Emanuela Sibilia (a2)...

Abstract

Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) enables the chronology of the late Pleistocene evolution for the Val d'Agri intermontane basin of Southern Apennines to be defined in the frame of Mediterranean geodynamic and climate changes. Quartz sand from braided floodplain and alluvial fan depositional systems was analyzed using the coarse-grained, single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) technique. The obtained optical ages are mostly consistent with other assessments (radiocarbon, tephrochronology) and stratigraphic constraints. OSL allows for the dating to 56–43 ka of an asymmetric subsidence stage that forced alluvial fan progradation, filling of a former lacustrine area, and development of an axial alluvial plain. A short period of Mediterranean-type pedogenesis, recorded at the top of the prograding-aggrading fans (OSL age bracket 43–32 ka), corresponds with MIS 3. During the subsequent stage of decline of vegetation cover, possibly corresponding to MIS 2, the latest progradation of alluvial fans occurred. The subsequent uplift and breakthrough of the basin threshold during the latest Pleistocene and Holocene induced entrenchment of the drainage network. The results presented here provide an example of the usefulness of OSL dating in intermontane continental settings where other geochronological constraints are scarce.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Fax: +39 02/50315494. E-mail address: irene.zembo@unimi.it (I. Zembo).

References

Hide All
Aitken, M.J. Thermoluminescence Dating. (1985). Academic Press, London. 267
Aitken, M.J. Optical dating: a non-specialist review. Quaternary Science Review (Quaternary Geochronology) 13, (1994). 503508.
Allen, J.R.M., Brandt, U., Brauer, A., Hubberten, H.W., Huntley, B., Keller, J., Kraml, M., Mackensen, A., Mingram, A., Negendank, J.F.W., Nowaczyk, N.R., Oberhansli, H., Watts, W.A., Wulf, S., and Zolitschka, B. Rapid environmental changes in southern Europe during the last glacial period. Nature 400, (1999). 740743.
Bell, W.T. Attenuation factors to absorbed dose in quartz inclusions for thermoluminescence dating. Ancient TL 8, (1979). 213.
Bersezio, R., Zembo, I., Felletti, F., Giudici, M., and Miceli, A. Caratterizzazione dell'eterogeneità degli acquiferi pleistocenici del Bacino Intermontano dell'Alta Val d'Agri, dallo studio delle successioni affioranti. Colella, A. Le risorse idriche sotterranee dell' Alta Val d'Agri 3, (2003). Collana Editoriale dell'Autorità di Bacino Interregionale della Basilicata, Potenza. 5786.
Bersezio, R., Felletti, F., Giudici, M., Miceli, A., and Zembo, I. Aquifer analogues to assist modelling of groundwater flow: the Pleistocene aquifer complex of the Agri Valley (Basilicata). Valloni, E. Proceedings of the Italian National Workshop “Developments in Aquifer Sedimentology and Ground Water Flow Studies in Italy”, Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d'Italia, LXXVI, APAT, Firenze. (2007). 5166.
Bianca, M., and Caputo, R. Analisi morfotettonica ed evoluzione quaternaria della Val d'Agri, Appennino meridionale. Il Quaternario 16, (2003). 159170.
Bigi, G., Cosentino, D., Parotto, M., Sartori, R., and Scandone, P. Structural Model of Italy (scale 1:500.000), Sheet N. 4. (1990).
Blumetti, A.M., Coltorti, M., Dramis, F., and Farabollini, P. Due sezioni stratigrafiche nel Pleistocene medio della Conca di Norcia: implicazioni geomorfologiche e neotettoniche. Rendiconti della Societa` Geologica Italiana 13, (1990). 1726.
Bosi, C. Quaternary. Crescenti, V., D'Offizi, S., Merlino, S., and Sacchi, L. Geology of Italy. Special Volume of the Italian Geological Society for the IGC 32 Florence, Florence. (2004). 161188.
Carbone, S., Catalano, S., Lazzari, S., Lentini, F., and Monaco, C. Presentazione della carta geologica del bacino del Fiume Agri (Basilicata). Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana 47, (1991). 129143.
Carboni, S., Palomba, M., Vacca, A., and Carboni, G. Paleosols provide sedimentation, relative age, and climatic information about the alluvial fan of the River Tirso (Central-Western Sardinia, Italy). Quaternary International 156–157, (2006). 7996.
Cello, G. A quantitative structural approach to the study of active fault zones in the Appennines (Peninsular Italy). Journal of Geodynamics 29, (2000). 265292.
Cello, G., Gambini, R., Mattioni, L., Mazzoli, S., Read, A., Tondi, E., and Zucconi, V. Geological analysis of the High Agri Valley (Lucanian Appennines, Southern Italy). Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana 55, (2000). 149155.
Cello, G., Gambini, R., Mazzoli, S., Read, A., Tondi, E., and Zucconi, V. Fault zone characteristics and scaling properties of the Val d'Agri Fault System (Southern Apennines, Italy). Journal of Geodinamics 29, (2000). 293307.
Chappell, J., and Shackleton, N.J. Oxygen isotopes and sea level. Nature 324, (1986). 137140.
Chiesa, S., Coltorti, M., Cremaschi, M., Ferraris, M., and Prosperi, L. Loess sedimentation and Quaternary Deposits in the Marche Province. The loess in Northern and Central Italy: A Loess Basin Between the Alps and the Mediterranean Regions. Proceedings INQUA Excursion. (1990). Milano, 103130.
Cinque, A., Patacca, E., Scandone, P., and Tozzi, M. Quaternary kinematic evolution of the southern apennines. Relationships between surface geological features and deep lithospheric structures. Annali di geofisica XXXVI (1993). 249260.
Colella, A., Lapenna, V., and Rizzo, E. High-resolution imaging of the High Agri Valley basin (southern Italy) with electrical resistivity tomography. Tectonophysics 386, (2004). 2940.
Coltorti, M., and Pieruccini, P. The last interglacial pedocomplexes in the litho- and morpho-stratigraphical framework of the central-northern Apennines (Central Italy). Qaternary International 156–157, (2006). 118132.
Cremaschi, M. Paleosols and Vetusols in the Central Po plain (Northern Italy). (1987). Edizioni Unicopli, Milano.
Cremaschi, M. The loess in northern and central Italy: a loess basin between the Alps and the Mediterranean regions. Cremaschi, M. The Loess in Northern and Central Italy: A Loess Basin Between the Alps and the Mediterranean Region. Quaderni di Geodinamica Alpina e Quaternaria 1, (1990). 1519.
De Lorenzo, G. Reliquie di grandi laghi pleistocenici nell'Italia meridionale. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche di Napoli IX - Serie 2, (1898). 127.
Di Niro, A., Giano, S.I., and Santangelo, N. Primi dati sull'evoluzione geomorfologica e sedimentaria del bacino dell'alta Val d'Agri (Basilicata). Studi Geologici Camerti, 1992, 1 (1992). 257263.
Di Niro, A., and Giano, S.I. Evoluzione geomorfologica del bordo orientale dell'alta Val d'Agri (Basilicata). Studi Geologici Camerti 2, (1995). 207218.
Doglioni, C., Harabaglia, P., Martinelli, G., Mongelli, F., and Zito, G. A geodynamic model of the Southern Apennines accretionary prisms. Terra Nova 8, (1996). 540547.
Duchaufour, P. Pédologie. Sol, Végétation, Environment. (1995). Masson, Paris. 324
Dudal, R., Tavernier, R., and Osmond, O. Soil Map of Europe-1:2.500.000. Explanatory text and Map. (1966). FAO, Rome.
Duller, G.A.T. Distinguishing quartz and feldspar in single grain luminescence measurements. Radiation Measurements 37, (2003). 161165.
Erhart, H. La genèse des sols en tant que phénomène géologique. Esquisse d'une théorie géologique et géochimique. Biostasie et Rhéxistasie. (1956). Masson, Paris. 90
Finke, P., Hartwich, R., Dudal, R., Ibanez, J., Jamagne, M., King, D., Montanarella, L., and Yassoglu, N. Georeferenced Soil Database for Europe. Manual of Procedures, Version 1.0: Rome, Italy, European Soil Bureau Scientific Committee. (1998). 171
Galli, A., Panzeri, L., Martini, M., Sibilia, E., Vignola, P., Andò, S., Pini, R., Rossi, P.M., (2007). Optically stimulated luminescence dating of a stratigraphic Late Glacial-Holocene sequence in the Po plain (Bubano quarry, Bologna, Italy). In Press, Accepted Manuscript on Quaternary International http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2007.11.001.
Giano, S.I., Lapenna, V., Piscitelli, S., and Schiattarella, M. Nuovi dati geologici e geofisici sull'assetto strutturale dei depositi continentali Quaternari dell'alta Val d'Agri (Basilicata). Il Quaternario 10, (1997). 589594.
Giano, S.I., Maschio, L., Alessio, M., Ferranti, L., Improta, S., and Schiattarella, M. Radiocarbon dating of active faulting in the Agri high valley, southern Italy. Journal of Geodynamics 29, 5 (2000). 371386.
International Commission on Stratigraphy, International Stratigraphic Guide. (1984). Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado. 214
Keller, J. Explosive volcanic activity in the Mediterranean over the past 200,000 yrs as recorded in deep-sea sediments. Geological Society of America Bulletin 89, (1978). 591604.
La Penna, V., and Rizzo, E. Tomografie geoelettriche dipolari del bacino dell'Alta Val d'Agri. Colella, A. Le risorse idriche sotterranee dell' Alta Val d'Agri 3, (2003). Collana Editoriale dell'Autorità di Bacino Interregionale della Basilicata, Potenza. 87111.
Lang, A., Lindauer, S., Kuhn, R., and Wgner, G.A. Procedures used for optically and infrared stimulate luminescence dating of sediments in Heidelberg. Ancient TL 14, (1996). 711.
Martinson, D.G., Pisias, N.G., Hays, J.D., Imbrie, J., Moore, T.C., and Shackleton, N.J. Age dating and the orbital theory of the ice ages: development of a high resolution 0–300.000 year chronostratigraphy. Quaternary Research 27, (1987). 129.
Maschio, L., Ferranti, L., and Burrato, P. Active extensional in Val d'Agri area, Southern Apennines, Italy: implications for the geometry of the seismogenic belt. Geophysical Journal International 162, (2005). 591609.
Mauz, B., Bode, T., Mainz, E., Blanchard, H., Hilger, W., Dikau, R., and Zöller, L. The luminescence dating laboratory at the University of Bonn: equipment and procedures. Ancient TL 20, (2002). 5361.
Mejdahl, V., and Winther-Nielsen, M. TL dating based on feldpsar inclusions. PACT 6, (1982). 426437.
Mejdahl, V. Thermoluminescence dating based on feldspars. Nuclear Tracks Radiation Measurements 10, (1985). 133136.
Mejdahl, V., and Christiansen, H.H. Procedures used for luminescence dating of sediments. Quaternary Geochronology. Quaternary Science Review 13, (1994). 403406.
Miall, A. The geology of fluvial deposits: sedimentary facies, basin analysis and petroleum geology. (1996). Springer, Toronto. 582
Morandi, S., and Ceragioli, E. Integrated interpretation of seismic and resistivity images across the «Val d'Agri» graben (Italy). Annals of Geophysics 45, (2002). 259271.
Murray, A.S., and Wintle, A.G. Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single-aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Radiation Measurements 32, (2000). 5773.
North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature North American Stratigraphic Code. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 67, (1983). 841857.
Pieri, P., Sabato, L., and Marino, M. The Plio-Pleistocene piggyback Sant'Arcangelo Basin: tectonic and sedimentary evolution. Memoires du Service geologique du Maroc 387, (1996). 195208.
Reimer, P.J., Baillie, M.G.L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Bertrand, C.J.H., Blackwell, P.G., Buck, C.E., Burr, G.S., Cutler, K.B., Damon, P.E., Edwards, R.L., Fairbanks, R.G., Friedrich, M., Guilderson, T.P., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B., McCormac, G., Manning, S., Ramsey, C., Reimer, R.W., Remmele, S., Southon, J.R., Stuiver, M., Talamo, S., Taylor, F.W., van der Plicht, J., and Weyhenmeyer, C.E. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46, (2004). 10291058.
Rizzo, E., Colella, A., La Penna, V., and Piscitelli, S. High-resolution imaging of the fault-controlled High Agri Valley basin (Southern Italy) with deep and shallow electrical resistivity tomographies. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 29, (2004). 321327.
Scarciglia, F., Terribile, F., Colombo, C., and Cinque, A. Late Quaternary climatic changes in Northern Cilento (Southern Italy): an integrated geomorphological and paleopedological study. Quaternary International 106–107, (2003). 141158.
Schiattarella, M. Quaternary tectonics of the Pollino Ridge, Calabria–Lucania boundary, southern Italy. Holdsworth, R.E., Strachan, R.A., Dewey, J.F. Continental Transpressional and Transtensional Tectonics. Geological Society 135, (1998). Special Pubblications, London. 341354.
Schiattarella, M., Di Leo, P., Beneduce, P., and Giano, S.I. Quaternary uplift vs tectonic loading: a case study from the Lucanian Appennine, southern Italy. Quaternary International 101–102, (2003). 239251.
Shackleton, N.J., Sanchez-Goni, M.F., Pailler, D., and Lancelot, Y. Marine Isotope Substage 5e and the Eemian Interglacial. Global and Planetary Change 757, (2003). 15.
Stokes, S. Optical dating of young (modern) sediments using quartz: results from a selection of depositional environments. Quaternary Science Review 11, (1992). 153159.
Suc, J.P. Origin and evolution of the Mediterranean vegetation and climate in Europe. Nature 307, (1984). 429432.
Tricart, J. Géomorphologie Applicable. (1978). Masson, Paris. 204
Trombino, L. Il suolo come memoria storica dei mutamenti paleoambientali. Genesi e significato paleoclimatico delle “Terre Rosse” Plio-Pleistoceniche. (1998). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano. 242
Van Kolfschoten, Th., Gibbard, P.L., and Knudsen, K.-L. The Eemian Interglacial: a global perspective. Introduction. Global and Planetary Change, 36, (2003). 147149.
Wintle, A.G., and Murray, A.S. A review of quartz optically stimulated luminescence characteristics and their relevance in single-aliquot regeneration dating protocols. Radiation Measurements 41, (2006). 369391.
Wulf, S., Kraml, M., Brauer, A., Keller, J., and Negendank, J.F.W. Tephrochronology of the 100 ka lacustrine sediment record of Lago Grande di Monticchio (southern Italy). Quaternary International 122, (2004). 730.
Zembo, I. Evoluzione Quaternaria del Bacino Intermontano Alta Val d'Agri, Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. (2007). Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano. 191
Zembo, I., Trombino, L., and Bersezio, R. Paleosols in a Pleistocene intermontane basin: a micromorphological approach to the study of the High Agri Valley (Southern Italy), European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2007, Vienna. Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, (2007). 11382
Zembo, I., (2008). Stratigraphic architecture and Quaternary evolution of the Val d'Agri intermontane basin (Southern Apennines, Italy). In Revision, Accepted Manuscript on Sedimentary Geology.
Zembo, I., Vignola, P., Andò, S., Bersezio, R., and Vezzoli, L. Tephrochronology in the Quaternary Val d'Agri intermontane basin (Southern Apennines, Italy). International Journal of Earth Science, submitted (2008).

Keywords

Quaternary evolution of the intermontane Val d'Agri Basin, Southern Apennines

  • Irene Zembo (a1), Laura Panzeri (a2), Anna Galli (a2) (a3), Riccardo Bersezio (a1) (a4), Marco Martini (a2) and Emanuela Sibilia (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed