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Magnetostratigraphic dating of the Linyi Fauna and implications for sequencing the mammalian faunas on the Chinese Loess Plateau

  • Yahui Qiu (a1) (a2), Hong Ao (a2) (a3), Yunxiang Zhang (a1), Peixian Shu (a2) (a4), Yongxiang Li (a1), Xingwen Li (a2) and Peng Zhang (a2)...

Abstract

The Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) in North China is an important terrestrial archive that witnessed the environmental changes and mammal and early human evolution in Asia over the past 2.6 Ma. Establishing precise ages for the Pleistocene faunas on the CLP is critical for better understanding of these environmental, biological, and archaeological issues. Here we report a new magnetostratigraphic record that places age constraints on the Linyi Fauna on the southeastern CLP. Our investigated 170-m-thick Linyi section mainly consists of two portions: (1) an overlying eolian Quaternary loess-paleosol sequence and (2) underlying fluvial-lacustrine sand and silty clay. Paleomagnetic results suggest that the composite section records the Brunhes chron, Jaramillo and Olduvai subchrons, and successive reverse polarity portions of the intervening Matuyama chron. The Linyi Fauna is located between Jaramillo and Olduvai subchrons in the fluvial-lacustrine interval, with an estimated age of ~1.5–1.6 Ma. Combining previously dated faunas, we establish a Pleistocene magnetochronology spanning from 2.54 to 0.65 Ma for the faunas on the CLP.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding authors at: State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710061, China (H. Ao); State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics, Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China (Y. Zhang). E-mail addresses: aohong@ieecas.cn (H. Ao); yxzhang@nwu.edu.cn (Y. Zhang).

References

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Magnetostratigraphic dating of the Linyi Fauna and implications for sequencing the mammalian faunas on the Chinese Loess Plateau

  • Yahui Qiu (a1) (a2), Hong Ao (a2) (a3), Yunxiang Zhang (a1), Peixian Shu (a2) (a4), Yongxiang Li (a1), Xingwen Li (a2) and Peng Zhang (a2)...

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