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Late Quaternary (≥MIS 3 to MIS 1) stratigraphic transitions in a highland Beringian landscape along the Kuskokwim River, Alaska

  • Joshua D. Reuther (a1) (a2), Jason Rogers (a3), Patrick Druckenmiller (a1) (a4), Thomas K. Bundtzen (a5), Kristi Wallace (a6), Robert Bowman (a7), Kevin May (a1), James Feathers (a8) and Alexander Cherkinsky (a9)...

Abstract

Stratigraphic records extending to Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 (57,000–29,000 cal yr BP) or older in Beringia are extremely rare. Three stratigraphic sections in interior western Alaska show near continuous sedimentological and environmental progressions extending from at least MIS 3, if not older, through MIS 1 (14,000 cal yr BP–present). The Kolmakof, Sue Creek, and VABM (vertical angle bench mark) Kuskokwim sections along the central Kuskokwim River, once a highland landscape at the fringe of central and eastern Beringia, contain aeolian deposition and soil sequences dating beyond 50,000 14C yr BP. Thick peaty soil, shallow lacustrine, and tephra deposits represent the MIS 3 interstade (or older). Sand sheet and loess deposits, wedge cast development, and very thin soil development mark the later MIS 3 period and the transition into the MIS 2 stade (29,000–14,000 cal yr BP). Loess accumulation with thicker soil development occurred between ~16,000–13,500 cal yr BP at the MIS 2 and MIS 1 transition. After ~13,500 cal yr BP, loess accumulation waned and peat development increased throughout MIS 1. These stratigraphic sequences represent transitions between a warm and moist period during MIS 3, to a cooler and more arid period during MIS 2, then a return to warmer and moister climates in MIS 1.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: University of Alaska Museum of the North, 1962 Yukon Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA. E-mail address: jreuther@alaska.edu (J. Reuther).

References

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Late Quaternary (≥MIS 3 to MIS 1) stratigraphic transitions in a highland Beringian landscape along the Kuskokwim River, Alaska

  • Joshua D. Reuther (a1) (a2), Jason Rogers (a3), Patrick Druckenmiller (a1) (a4), Thomas K. Bundtzen (a5), Kristi Wallace (a6), Robert Bowman (a7), Kevin May (a1), James Feathers (a8) and Alexander Cherkinsky (a9)...

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