Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Vegetation dynamics during the late Pleistocene in the Barreirinhas region, Maranhão State, northeastern Brazil, based on carbon Isotopes in soil organic matter

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Luiz Carlos Ruiz Pessenda
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA), 13400-000, Piracicaba/SP, Brazil
Adauto de Souza Ribeiro
Affiliation:
Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju/SE, Brazil
Susy Eli Marques Gouveia
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA), 13400-000, Piracicaba/SP, Brazil
Ramon Aravena
Affiliation:
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L3G1
Rene Boulet
Affiliation:
IRD, Geosciences Institute/University of São Paulo, 05508-900, São Paulo/SP, Brazil
José Albertino Bendassolli
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA), 13400-000, Piracicaba/SP, Brazil
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The study place is in the Barreirinhas region, Maranhão State, northeastern Brazil. A vegetation transect of 78 km was studied among four vegetation types: Restinga (coastal vegetation), Cerrado (woody savanna), Cerrad"o (dense woody savanna), and Forest, as well as three forested sites around Lagoa do Caçó, located approximately 10 km of the transect. Soil profiles in this transect were sampled for δ 13C analysis, as well as buried charcoal fragments were used for 14C dating. The data interpretation indicated that approximately between 15,000 and ∽9000 14C yr B.P., arboreal vegetation prevailed in the whole transect, probably due to the presence of a humid climate. Approximately between ∽9000 and 4000–3000 14C yr B.P., there was the expansion of the savanna, probably related to the presence of drier climate. From ∽4000–3000 14C yr B.P. to the present, the results indicated an increase in the arboreal density in the area, due to the return to a more humid and probably similar climate to the present. The presence of buried charcoal fragments in several soil depths suggested the occurrence of palaeofires during the Holocene. The vegetation dynamic inferred in this study for northeastern Brazil is in agreement with the results obtained in areas of Amazon region, based on pollen analysis of lake sediments and carbon isotope analysis of soil organic matter (SOM), implying than similar climatic conditions have affected these areas during the late Pleistocene until the present.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
University of Washington

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Absy, M.L., Cleef, A.M., Fournier, M., Martin, L., Servant, M., Sifeddine, A., Ferreira da Silva, M., Soubies, F., Suguio, K., Turcq, B., Van der Hammen, T., (1991). Mise en evidence de quatre phases d'ouverture de la forêt dense dans le sud-est de l'Amazonie au cours des 60,000 dernières anneés. Première comparaison avec d'autres regions tropicales. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Série II 312, 673678.Google Scholar
Andrade-Lima, D., (1982). Present-day forest refuges in notheastern Brazil. Prance, G.T., Biological Diversification in the Tropics Colombia Univ. Press, New York., 245251.Google Scholar
Balesdent, J., (1987). The turnover of soil organic matter fractions estimated by radiocarbon dating. Science of the Total Environment 62, 405408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barberi, M., Salgado-Laboariau, M.L., Suguio, K., (2000). Paleovegetation and palaeoclimate of “Veredas de Águas Emendadas,” central Brazil. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 13, 241254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Behling, H., (1995). Investigations into the Late Pleistocene and Holocene history of vegetation and climate in Santa Catarina (S Brazil). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 4, 3 127152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Behling, H., Costa, M.L., (2000). Holocene environmental changes from the Rio Curuá record in the Caxiuanã region, eastern Amazon basin. Quaternary Research 53, 369377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Behling, H., Hooghiemstra, H., (2001). Neotropical savanna environments in space and time: late Quaternary interhemispheric comparisons. Markgraf, V., Interhemispheric Climate Linkages Academic Press, San Diego., 307323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Behling, H.L., Lichte, M., Miklós, A.W., (1998). Evidence of a forest free landscape under dry and cold climatic conditions during the last glacial maximum in the Botucatu region (São Paulo State), Southeastern Brazil. Quaternary of South America and Antartic Peninsula 11, 99110.Google Scholar
Behling, H., Arz, H.W., Patzold, J., Wefer, G., (2000). Late Quaternary vegetational and climate dynamics in northeastern Brazil, inferences from marine core GeoB3104-1. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, 10 981994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boutton, T.W., (1996). Stable carbon isotopes ratios of soil organic matter and their use of indicators of vegetation and climate change. Boutton, T.W., Yamasaki, S., Mass Spectrometry of Soils Dekker, New York., 4782.Google Scholar
Bush, M.B., Miller, C., De Oliveira, P.E., Colinvaux, P.A., (2000). Two histories of environmental change and human disturbances in lowland Amazonia. Holocene 10, 5 543553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colinvaux, P.A., De Oliveira, P.E., Moreno, J.E., Miller, M.C., Bush, M.B., (1996). A long pollen record from lowland Amazonia: forest and cooling in glacial times. Science 274, 5588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coutinho, L.M., (1990). Fire in the ecology of the Brazilian Cerrado. Ecological Studies 42, 273291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Oliveira, P.E., Barreto, A.M.F., Suguio, K., (1999). Late Pleistocene/Holocene climatic and vegetational history of the Brazilian caatinga: the fóssil dunes of the middle São Francisco River. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 152, 319337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Desjardins, T., Filho, A.C., Mariotti, A., Chauvel, A., Girardin, C., (1996). Changes of the forest–savanna boundary in Brazilian Amazonia during the Holocene as revealed by soil organic carbon isotope ratios. Oecologia 108, 749756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Freitas, H.A., Pessenda, L.C.R., Aravena, R., Gouveia, S.E.M., Ribeiro, A.S., Boulet, R., (2001). Late Quaternary climate change in southern Amazon inferred from 17,000 year vegetation dynamic record from soil organic matter, using δ 13C and 14C dating. Quaternary Research 55, 1 3946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gouveia, S.E.M., Pessenda, L.C.R., Aravena, R., Boulet, R., Scheel-Ybert, R., Bendassoli, J.A., Ribeiro, A.S., Freitas, H.A., (2002). Carbon isotopes in charcoal and soils in studies of paleovegetation and climate changes during the late Pleistocene and the Holocene in the southeast and centerwest regions of Brazil. Global and Planetary Change 33, 1–2 95106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haberle, S.G., Maslin, M.A., (1999). Late Quaternary vegetation and climate change in the Amazon Basin on a 50,000 year pollen record from the Amazon fan, ODP Site 932. Quaternary Research 51, 2738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacob, J., Disnar, J.R., Boussafir, M., Ledru, M.P., Albuquerque, A.L.S., Sifeddine, A., Turcq, B., (2004a). Onocerane attests to dry climatic events during the Quaternary in the tropics. Organic Geochemistry 35, 289297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacob, J., Disnar, J.R., Boussafir, M., Sifeddine, A., Turcq, B., Albuquerque, A.L.S., (2004b). Major environmental changes recorded by lacustrine sedimentary organic matter since the last glacial maximum near the equator (Lagoa do Caçó, NE Brazil). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 205, 183197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kiehl, E.J., (1979). Manual De Edafologia; Relações Solo/Planta. Ceres, São Paulo.Google Scholar
Ledru, M.-P., Braga, P.I.S., Soubiès, F., Fournier, M., Martin, L., Suguio, K., Turcq, B., (1996). The last 50,000 years in the Neotropics (Southern Brazil): evolution of vegetation and climate. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 123, 239257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ledru, M.-P., Bertaux, J., Sifeddine, A., Suguio, K., (1998). Absence of last glacial maximum records in lowland tropical forest. Quaternary Research 49, 233237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ledru, M.-P., Cordeiro, R.C., Dominguez, J.M.L., Martin, L., Mourguiart, P., Sifeddine, A., Turcq, B., (2001). Late-Glacial cooling in Amazonia inferred from pollen at Lagoa do Caçó, Northern Brazil. Quaternary Research 55, 1 4756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ledru, M.-P., Mourguiart, P., Ceccantini, G., Turcq, B., Sifeddine, A., (2002). Tropical climates in the game of two hemispheres revealed by abrupt climatic change. Geology 30, 3 275278.2.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, L., Bertaux, J., Corrège, T., Ledru, M.-P., Mourguiart, P., Sifeddine, A., Soubiès, F., Wirrmann, D., Suguio, K., Turcq, B., (1997). Astronomical forcing of contrasting rainfall changes in tropical South America between 12,400 and 8800 cal yr B.P.. Quaternary Research 47, 117122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nadelhoffer, K.F., Fry, B., (1988). Controls on natural nitrogen-15 and carbon-13 abundance in forest soil organic matter. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52, 16331640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nimer, E., (1989). Climatologia do Brasil. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Rio de Janeiro., 421pp.Google Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Valencia, E.P.E., Martinelli, L.A., Cerri, C.C., (1996a). 14C measurements in tropical soil developed on basic rocks. Radiocarbon 38, 2 203208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Aravena, R., Melfi, A.J., Boulet, R., (1996b). The use of carbon isotopes (C-13, C-14) in soil to evaluate vegetation changes during the Holocene in central Brazil. Radiocarbon 38, 2 191201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Gomes, B.M., Aravena, R., Ribeiro, A.S., Boulet, R., Gouveia, S.E.M., (1998a). The carbon isotope record in soils along a forest–cerrado ecosystem transect: implications for vegetation changes in the Rondonia state, southwestern Brazilian Amazon region. Holocene 8, 5 631635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Gouveia, S.E.M., Aravena, R., Gomes, B.M., Boulet, R., Ribeiro, A.S., (1998b). 14C dating and stable carbon isotopes of soil organic matter in forest–savanna boundary areas in the southern Brazilian Amazon region. Radiocarbon 40, 2 10131022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Boulet, R., Aravena, R., Rosolen, V., Gouveia, S.E.M., Ribeiro, A.S., Lamotte, M., (2001a). Origin and dynamics of soil organic matter and vegetation changes during the Holocene in a forest–savanna transition zone, Brazilian Amazon region. Holocene 11, 2 250254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Gouveia, S.E.M., Aravena, R., (2001b). Radiocarbon dating of total soil organic matter and humin fraction and its comparison with 14C ages of fossil charcoal. Radiocarbon 43, 2B 595601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pessenda, L.C.R., Gouveia, S.E.M., Aravena, R., Boulet, R., Valencia, E.P.E., (2004). Holocene fire and vegetation changes in southeastern Brazil as deduced from fossil charcoal and soil carbon isotopes. Quaternary International 114, 3543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prance, G.T., (1985). The changing forests. Prance, G.T., Lovejov, T.E., Key Environments: Amazonia Pergamon, Oxford., 146165.Google Scholar
Ribeiro, A.S., (2002). Dinâmica paleoambiental da vegetação e clima durante o Quaternário tardio em domínios da mata Atlântica, brejo do semi-árido e cerrado nordestinos, utilizando isótopos do carbono da matéria orgânica do solo e das plantas.. Ph.D. dissertation. University of São Paulo, Piracicaba (Brazil). 192 pp.Google Scholar
Roth, L., Lorscheitter, M.L., (1993). Palynology of a bog in Parque Nacional de Aparados da Serra, East Plateau of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Quaternary of South America and Antartic Peninsula 8, 3969.Google Scholar
Salgado-Labouriau, M.L., Casseti, V., Ferraz-Vicentini, K.R., Martin, L., Soubiès, F., Suguio, K., Turcq, B., (1997). Late Quaternary vegetational and climatic changes in cerrado and palm swamp from Central Brazil. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 128, 215226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sifeddine, A., Martin, L., Turcq, B., Volkmer-Ribeiro, C., Soubiès, F., Cordeiro, R.C., Suguio, K., (2001). Variations of the Amazon rainforest environment: a sedimentological record covering 30,000 years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 168, 221235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sifeddine, A., Albuquerque, A.L.S., Ledru, M.-P., Turcq, B., Knoppers, B., Martin, L., de Mello, W.Z., Passenau, H., Dominguez, J.M.L., Cordeiro, R.C., Abrao, J.J., Bittencourt, A.C.D.P., (2003). A 21000 cal years paleoclimatic record from Caçó Lake, northern Brazil: evidence from sedimentary and pollen analyses. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 189, 1–2 2534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stocks, B.J., Kauffman, J.B., (1997). Biomass burning consumption and behaviour of wildlands fires in boreal, temperate, and tropical ecosystems: parameters necessary to interpret historic fire regimes and future scenarios. Clark, J.S., Cachier, H., Goldammer, J.G., Stocks, B.J., Sediment records of biomass burning and global change. NATO ASI Series 1: Global Environmental Change vol. 51, Springer Verlag, Berlin., 169188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P., Braziunas, T.F., (1998). High-precision radiocarbon age calibration for terrestrial and marine samples. Radiocarbon 40, 11271151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van der Hammen, T., Absy, M.L., (1994). Amazonia during the last glacial. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 109, 247261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 7 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 18th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-77fc7d77f9-wd6lz Total loading time: 0.581 Render date: 2021-01-18T14:45:12.265Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags last update: Mon Jan 18 2021 13:54:14 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time) Feature Flags: { "metrics": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "peerReview": true, "crossMark": true, "comments": true, "relatedCommentaries": true, "subject": true, "clr": true, "languageSwitch": true, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Vegetation dynamics during the late Pleistocene in the Barreirinhas region, Maranhão State, northeastern Brazil, based on carbon Isotopes in soil organic matter
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Vegetation dynamics during the late Pleistocene in the Barreirinhas region, Maranhão State, northeastern Brazil, based on carbon Isotopes in soil organic matter
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Vegetation dynamics during the late Pleistocene in the Barreirinhas region, Maranhão State, northeastern Brazil, based on carbon Isotopes in soil organic matter
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *