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Update and synthesis of the available archaeological and geochronological data for the Lower Paleolithic site of Loreto at Venosa (Basilicata, Italy)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 February 2024

Alison Pereira*
Affiliation:
Laboratoire GEOPS, UMR 8148, Université Paris-Saclay, bâtiment 504, 1 rue du Belvédère, 91400, Orsay, France
Marie-Hélène Moncel
Affiliation:
Histoire Naturelle de l'Homme préhistorique (HNHP),UMR 7194 MNHN-CNRS-UPVD, Département de Préhistoire du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle,1 rue René Panhard, 75013 Paris, France
Sébastien Nomade
Affiliation:
LSCE, UMR 8212, CEA, CNRS et Université de Versailles St-Quentin, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
Pierre Voinchet
Affiliation:
Histoire Naturelle de l'Homme préhistorique (HNHP),UMR 7194 MNHN-CNRS-UPVD, Département de Préhistoire du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle,1 rue René Panhard, 75013 Paris, France
Qingfeng Shao
Affiliation:
College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
Christophe Falguères
Affiliation:
Histoire Naturelle de l'Homme préhistorique (HNHP),UMR 7194 MNHN-CNRS-UPVD, Département de Préhistoire du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle,1 rue René Panhard, 75013 Paris, France
David Lefèvre
Affiliation:
Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier, CNRS, UMR 5140 “Archéologie des sociétés méditerranéennes”, and LabEx ARCHIMEDE – ANR-11-LABX-0032-01-, Campus Saint Charles, 34032 Montpellier Cedex, France
Jean Paul Raynal
Affiliation:
Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, UMR5199 PACEA, Bâtiment B2, Allée Geoffroy St Hilaire 33615 PESSAC Cedex, France
Vincent Scao
Affiliation:
LSCE, UMR 8212, CEA, CNRS et Université de Versailles St-Quentin, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
Marcello Piperno
Affiliation:
Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Dipartimento Scienze Storiche, Archeologiche e Antropologiche dell'Antichità, Sezione di Paletnologia, Piazzale A. Moro, Roma, Italy
Suzanne Simone
Affiliation:
Musée d'Anthropologie préhistorique, 56bis bd du Jardin exotique, 98 000 Monaco
Jean Jacques Bahain
Affiliation:
Histoire Naturelle de l'Homme préhistorique (HNHP),UMR 7194 MNHN-CNRS-UPVD, Département de Préhistoire du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle,1 rue René Panhard, 75013 Paris, France
*
Corresponding author: Alison Pereira; Email: alison.pereira@universite-paris-saclay.fr

Abstract

In the Basilicata region, located in southern Italy and known for hosting among the first occurrences of the Acheulean culture in southwestern Europe, the Lower Paleolithic site of Loreto at Venosa is located less than a kilometer from the emblematic site of Notarchirico and less than 25 km from Cimitero di Atella. The Loreto site has not been studied as thoroughly as the two other sites and, although geological investigations have been carried out in the Venosa basin, no direct numerical dating has ever been published for the three archaeological levels brought to light during the excavation campaigns. We present a multi-method geochronological approach combining ESR/U-series, ESR, and 40Ar/39Ar permitting to refine the age of the most ancient archaeological level (A) of the Loreto site. These data allow us to propose an MIS 13 age for this level, in accordance with previous hypotheses based on geological and paleontological data. We also propose a technical review of the lithic tools preserved in the collection of the National Archaeological Museum of Venosa to integrate Loreto in the evolution scheme of the European Acheulean techno-complex emergence and diffusion.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Quaternary Research Center

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Footnotes

(deceased)

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