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Multi-scale Holocene Asian monsoon variability deduced from a twin-stalagmite record in southwestern China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017


Wei Huang
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
Yongjin Wang
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
Hai Cheng
Affiliation:
Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Minnesota, MN 55455, USA
Richard Lawrence Edwards
Affiliation:
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Minnesota, MN 55455, USA
Chuan-Chou Shen
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan, ROC
Dianbing Liu
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
Qingfeng Shao
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
Chao Deng
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
Zhenqiu Zhang
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
Quan Wang
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
Corresponding

Abstract

We present two isotopic (δ18O and δ13C) sequences of a twin-stalagmite from Zhuliuping Cave, southwestern China, with 230Th dates from 14.6 to 4.6 ka. The stalagmite δ18O record characterizes orbital- to decadal-scale variability of Asian summer monsoon (ASM) intensity, with the Holocene optimum period (HOP) between 9.8 and 6.8 ka BP which is reinforced by its co-varying δ13C data. The large multi-decadal scale amplitude of the cave δ18O indicates its high sensitivity to climate change. Four centennial-scale weak ASM events during the early Holocene are centered at 11.2, 10.8, 9.1 and 8.2 ka. They can be correlated to cold periods in the northern high latitudes, possibly resulting from rapid dynamics of atmospheric circulation associated with North Atlantic cooling. The 8.2 ka event has an amplitude more than two-thirds that of the Younger Dryas (YD), and is significantly stronger than other cave records in the Asia monsoon region, likely indicating a more severe dry climate condition at the cave site. At the end of the YD event, the δ13C record lags the δ18O record by 300–500 yr, suggesting a multi-centennial slow response of vegetation and soil processes to monsoon enhancement.


Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © American Quaternary Association 2016

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Multi-scale Holocene Asian monsoon variability deduced from a twin-stalagmite record in southwestern China
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Multi-scale Holocene Asian monsoon variability deduced from a twin-stalagmite record in southwestern China
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Multi-scale Holocene Asian monsoon variability deduced from a twin-stalagmite record in southwestern China
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