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A latest Pleistocene and Holocene glacial history and paleoclimate reconstruction at Three Sisters and Broken Top Volcanoes, Oregon, U.S.A.

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Shaun A. Marcott
Department of Geosciences: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 97331, USA
Andrew G. Fountain
Department of Geology: Portland State University, Portland, OR, 97201, USA
Jim E. O'Connor
U.S.G.S. Oregon Water Science Center, Portland, OR, 97201, USA
Peter J. Sniffen
Department of Geology: Portland State University, Portland, OR, 97201, USA
David P. Dethier
Department of Geosciences: Williams College, Williamstown, MA, 01267, USA


At least three sets of moraines mark distinct glacial stands since the last glacial maximum (LGM) in the Three Sisters region of the Oregon Cascade Range. The oldest stand predates 8.1 ka (defined here as post-LGM), followed by a second between ∼ 2 and 8 ka (Neoglacial) and a third from the Little Ice Age (LIA) advance of the last 300 years. The post-LGM equilibrium line altitudes were 260 ± 100 m lower than that of modern glaciers, requiring 23 ± 9% increased winter snowfall and 1.4 ± 0.5°C cooler summer temperatures than at present. The LIA advance had equilibrium line altitudes 110 ± 40 m lower than at present, implying 10 ± 4% greater winter snowfall and 0.6 ± 0.2°C cooler summer temperatures.

University of Washington

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A latest Pleistocene and Holocene glacial history and paleoclimate reconstruction at Three Sisters and Broken Top Volcanoes, Oregon, U.S.A.
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