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A late Pleistocene long pollen record from Lake Urmia, Nw Iran

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Morteza Djamali
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen d'Ecologie et de Paléoécologie UMR 6116 du CNRS — Europôle Méditerranéen de l'Arbois — Pavillon Villemin — BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen d'Ecologie et de Paléoécologie UMR 6116 du CNRS — Europôle Méditerranéen de l'Arbois — Pavillon Villemin — BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
Madjid Shah-hosseini
Affiliation:
Iranian National Center for Oceanography (INCO), No.9 Etemad Zadeh Street, West Fatemi Ave., 14155-4781 Tehran, Iran
Valérie Andrieu-Ponel
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen d'Ecologie et de Paléoécologie UMR 6116 du CNRS — Europôle Méditerranéen de l'Arbois — Pavillon Villemin — BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
Philippe Ponel
Affiliation:
Institut Méditerranéen d'Ecologie et de Paléoécologie UMR 6116 du CNRS — Europôle Méditerranéen de l'Arbois — Pavillon Villemin — BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
Abdolhossein Amini
Affiliation:
School of Geology, College of Science, University of Tehran, 14155-6455 Tehran, Iran
Hossein Akhani
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, 14155-6455 Tehran, Iran
Suzanne A.G. Leroy
Affiliation:
Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK
Lora Stevens
Affiliation:
Department of Geological Sciences, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840-3902, USA
Hamid Lahijani
Affiliation:
Iranian National Center for Oceanography (INCO), No.9 Etemad Zadeh Street, West Fatemi Ave., 14155-4781 Tehran, Iran
Simon Brewer
Affiliation:
Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Bat. B5C, 17 Allée du Six Août, B-4000, Liège, Belgium
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

A palynological study based on two 100-m long cores from Lake Urmia in northwestern Iran provides a vegetation record spanning 200 ka, the longest pollen record for the continental interior of the Near East. During both penultimate and last glaciations, a steppe ofArtemisiaand Poaceae dominated the upland vegetation with a high proportion of Chenopodiaceae in both upland and lowland saline ecosystems. WhileJuniperusand deciduousQuercustrees were extremely rare and restricted to some refugia,Hippophaë rhamnoidesconstituted an important phanerophyte, particularly during the late last glacial period. A pronounced expansion inEphedrashrub-steppe occurred at the end of the penultimate late-glacial period but was followed by extreme aridity that favoured anArtemisiasteppe. Very high lake levels, registered by both pollen and sedimentary markers, occurred during the middle of the last glaciation and late part of the penultimate glaciation. The late-glacial to early Holocene transition is represented by a succession ofHippophaë, Ephedra, Betula, Pistaciaand finallyJuniperusandQuercus. The last interglacial period (Eemian), slightly warmer and moister than the Holocene, was followed by two interstadial phases similar in pattern to those recorded in the marine isotope record and southern European pollen sequences.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
University of Washington

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