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Deglaciation, basin formation and post-glacial climate change from a regional network of sediment core sites in Ohio and eastern Indiana

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Katherine C. Glover
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0013, USA
Thomas V. Lowell
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0013, USA
Gregory C. Wiles
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, The College of Wooster, Wooster, OH 44691, USA
Donald Pair
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469-2364, USA
Patrick Applegate
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Irena Hajdas
Affiliation:
PSI/ETH Laboratory for Ion Beam Physics, Schafmattstr. 20 HPK H27, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Many paleoclimate and landscape change studies in the American Midwest have focused on the Late Glacial and early Holocene time periods (~ 16–11 ka), but little work has addressed landscape change in this area between the Last Glacial Maximum and the Late Glacial (~ 22–16 ka). Sediment cores were collected from 29 new lake and bog sites in Ohio and Indiana to address this gap. The basal radiocarbon dates from these cores show that initial ice retreat from the maximal last-glacial ice extent occurred by 22 ka, and numerous sites that are ~ 100 km inside this limit were exposed by 18.9 ka. Post-glacial environmental changes were identified as stratigraphic or biologic changes in select cores. The strongest signal occurs between 18.5 and 14.6 ka. These Midwestern events correspond with evidence to the northeast, suggesting that initial deglaciation of the ice sheet, and ensuing environmental changes, were episodic and rapid. Significantly, these changes predate the onset of the Bølling postglacial warming (14.8 ka) as recorded by the Greenland ice cores. Thus, deglaciation and landscape change around the southern margins of the Laurentide Ice Sheet happened ~ 7 ka before postglacial changes were felt in central Greenland.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
University of Washington

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