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Approaches and challenges to the study of loess—Introduction to the LoessFest Special Issue

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 May 2018

Randall J. Schaetzl
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Environment, and Spatial Sciences, 673 Auditorium Rd., Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1117, USA
E. Arthur Bettis III*
Affiliation:
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, IIHR–Hydroscience and Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Onn Crouvi
Affiliation:
Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem 9550161, Israel
Kathryn E. Fitzsimmons
Affiliation:
Research Group for Terrestrial Palaeoclimates, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany
David A. Grimley
Affiliation:
Illinois State Geological Survey, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA
Ulrich Hambach
Affiliation:
BayCEER and Chair of Geomorphology, University of Bayreuth, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
Frank Lehmkuhl
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, RWTH Aachen University, Templergraben 55, 52066 Aachen, Germany
Slobodan B. Marković
Affiliation:
Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts Knez Mihajlova 35, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Joseph A. Mason
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 550 N. Park St., Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Piotr Owczarek
Affiliation:
Institute of Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Wroclaw, Pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50-137 Wroclaw, Poland
Helen M. Roberts
Affiliation:
Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, United Kingdom
Denis-Didier Rousseau
Affiliation:
Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR CNRS 8539, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, and CERES-ERTI, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris CEDEX 5, France Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, New York 10964, USA
Thomas Stevens
Affiliation:
Physical Geography, Program for Air, Water and Landscape Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villav. 16, SE-751 05 Uppsala, Sweden
Jef Vandenberghe
Affiliation:
Department of Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Marcelo Zárate
Affiliation:
Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de la Pampa (CONICET-UNLPam). Avenida Uruguay 151, 6300 La Pampa Argentina
Daniel Veres
Affiliation:
Institute of Speleology, Romanian Academy, 050711 Bucharest, Romania Interdisciplinary Research Institute on Bio-Nano-Science of Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca 400084, Romania
Shiling Yang
Affiliation:
Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 BeiTuChengXi Road, Beijing 100029, China
Michael Zech
Affiliation:
Institute of Geography, Technical University of Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 10, D-01062 Dresden, Germany Department of Terrestrial Biogeochemistry, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Weidenplan 14, D-06120 Halle, Germany
Jessica L. Conroy
Affiliation:
Departments of Geology and Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA
Aditi K. Dave
Affiliation:
Research Group for Terrestrial Palaeoclimates, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany
Dominik Faust
Affiliation:
Institute of Geography, Technical University of Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 10, D-01062 Dresden, Germany
Qingzhen Hao
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and College of Earth Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100029, Beijing, China
Igor Obreht
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, RWTH Aachen University, Templergraben 55, 52066 Aachen, Germany Organic Geochemistry Group, MARUM-Center for Marine Environmental Sciences and Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Charlotte Prud’homme
Affiliation:
Research Group for Terrestrial Palaeoclimates, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany
Ian Smalley
Affiliation:
School of Geology, Geography and the Environment, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom
Alfonsina Tripaldi
Affiliation:
IGEBA-CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires Pabellón 2, Primer piso, Oficina 3, Ciudad Universitaria C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Christian Zeeden
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, RWTH Aachen University, Templergraben 55, 52066 Aachen, Germany IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research Université, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris 06, Université Lille, 75014 Paris, France
Roland Zech
Affiliation:
Institute of Geography, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Löbdergraben 32, D-07743 Jena, Germany
*
*Corresponding author at: Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, IIHR–Hydroscience and Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. E-mail address: art-bettis@uiowa.edu (E.A. Bettis III).

Abstract

In September 2016, the annual meeting of the International Union for Quaternary Research’s Loess and Pedostratigraphy Focus Group, traditionally referred to as a LoessFest, met in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, USA. The 2016 LoessFest focused on “thin” loess deposits and loess transportation surfaces. This LoessFest included 75 registered participants from 10 countries. Almost half of the participants were from outside the United States, and 18 of the participants were students. This review is the introduction to the special issue for Quaternary Research that originated from presentations and discussions at the 2016 LoessFest. This introduction highlights current understanding and ongoing work on loess in various regions of the world and provides brief summaries of some of the current approaches/strategies used to study loess deposits.

Keywords

Type
Review Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2018 

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Zech, M., Tuthorn, M., Zech, R., Schlütz, F., Zech, W., Glaser, B., 2014. A 16-ka δ18O record of lacustrine sugar biomarkers from the High Himalaya reflects Indian Summer Monsoon variability. Journal of Paleolimnology 51, 241251.Google Scholar
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Zech, M., Zech, R., Glaser, B., 2007. A 240,000-year stable carbon and nitrogen isotope record from a loess-like palaeosol sequence in the Tumara Valley, northeast Siberia. Chemical Geology 242, 307318.Google Scholar
Zech, M., Zech, R., Rozanski, K., Gleixner, G., Zech, W., 2015. Do n-alkane biomarkers in soils/sediments reflect the δ2H isotopic composition of precipitation? A case study from Mt. Kilimanjaro and implications for paleoaltimetry and paleoclimate research. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 51, 508524.Google Scholar
Zech, R., Gao, L., Tarozo, R., Huang, Y., 2012b. Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in Pleistocene loess-paleosol sequences: three case studies. Organic Geochemistry 53, 3844.Google Scholar
Zech, R., Zech, M., Marković, S.,