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Age and sedimentary record of inland eolian sediments in Lithuania, NE European Sand Belt

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Edyta Kalińska-Nartiša*
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund S-223 62, Sweden Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Tartu, Ravila Str. 14A, Tartu EE50411, Estonia
Christine Thiel
Centre for Nuclear Technologies (Nutech), Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Department of Geoscience, Aarhus University, Risø Campus, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Section S3, Geochronology and Isotope Hydrology, Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany
Māris Nartišs
Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Latvia, Alberta Str. 10, Riga LV1586, Latvia
Jan-Pieter Buylaert
Centre for Nuclear Technologies (Nutech), Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Department of Geoscience, Aarhus University, Risø Campus, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Andrew S. Murray
Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Department of Geoscience, Aarhus University, Risø Campus, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
*Corresponding author at: Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund S-223 62, Sweden.E-mail (E. Kaliñska-Nartiša).


We present a study based on four inland eolian locations in Eastern, Central and Southeastern Lithuania belonging to the northeastern part of the ‘European Sand Belt’ (ESB). Although there have been several previous studies of the ESB, this north-eastern extension has not been investigated before in any detail. The sedimentary structural–textural features are investigated and a chronology was derived using optically stimulated luminescence on both quartz and feldspar. The sedimentary structures and the rounding and surface characteristics of the quartz grains argue for a predominance of eolian transport. Additionally, some structural alternations and a significant contribution of non-eolian grains are interpreted as inherited local glacial/glaciofluvial-bearing lithologies.

Three main (glaciolacustrine–) eolian phases are distinguished based on the position in the landscape and the luminescence ages: (1) An older eolian series around 15 to 16 ka, possibly correlated with the cold GS-2a event according to the GRIP stratigraphy, and (2) a younger eolian series around 14.0 ka, possibly representing the GI-1d and 1c events. The older eolian series is underlain by (3) a glaciolacustrineeolian series for which the period of deposition remains uncertain due to the significant discrepancy between the ages based on quartz and feldspar.

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