Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Tracing the Evolution of Dust Obscured Star Formation and Accretion Back to the Reionisation Epoch with SPICA

  • C. Gruppioni (a1), L. Ciesla (a2), E. Hatziminaoglou (a3), F. Pozzi (a1) (a4), G. Rodighiero (a5), P. Santini (a6), L. Armus (a7), M. Baes (a8), J. Braine (a9), V. Charmandaris (a10), D.L. Clements (a11), N. Christopher (a12), H. Dannerbauer (a13) (a14), A. Efstathiou (a12), E. Egami (a15), J.A. Fernández-Ontiveros (a13) (a14) (a16), F. Fontanot (a17), A. Franceschini (a5), E. González-Alfonso (a18), M. Griffin (a19), H. Kaneda (a20), L. Marchetti (a21) (a22), P. Monaco (a17) (a23), T. Nakagawa (a24) (a25), T. Onaka (a24), A. Papadopoulos (a12), C. Pearson (a20) (a26), I. Pérez-Fournon (a13) (a14), P. Peréz-González (a27), P. Roelfsema (a28), D. Scott (a29), S. Serjeant (a21), L. Spinoglio (a16), M. Vaccari (a22), F. van der Tak (a28), C. Vignali (a1) (a4), L. Wang (a28) (a30) and T. Wada (a25)...

Abstract

Our current knowledge of star formation and accretion luminosity at high redshift (z > 3–4), as well as the possible connections between them, relies mostly on observations in the rest-frame ultraviolet, which are strongly affected by dust obscuration. Due to the lack of sensitivity of past and current infrared instrumentation, so far it has not been possible to get a glimpse into the early phases of the dust-obscured Universe. Among the next generation of infrared observatories, SPICA, observing in the 12–350 µm range, will be the only facility that can enable us to trace the evolution of the obscured star-formation rate and black-hole accretion rate densities over cosmic time, from the peak of their activity back to the reionisation epoch (i.e., 3 < z ≲ 6–7), where its predecessors had severe limitations. Here, we discuss the potential of photometric surveys performed with the SPICA mid-infrared instrument, enabled by the very low level of impact of dust obscuration in a band centred at 34 µm. These unique unbiased photometric surveys that SPICA will perform will fully characterise the evolution of AGNs and star-forming galaxies after reionisation.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Aird, J., et al. 2013, arXiv:1306.23252013arXiv1306.2325A
Berta, S., et al. 2013, A&A, 551, A100 10.1051/0004-6361/201220859 2013A&A...551A.100B
Béthermin, M., et al. 2015, A&A, 573, A113 10.1051/0004-6361/201425031 2015A&A...573A.113B
Bonato, M., et al. 2014a, MNRAS, 438, 2547 10.1093/mnras/stt2375 2014MNRAS.438.2547B
Bonato, M., et al. 2014b, MNRAS, 444, 3446 10.1093/mnras/stu1657 2014MNRAS.444.3446B
Booth, C. M., & Schaye, J. 2009, MNRAS, 398, 53 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15043.x 2009MNRAS.398...53B
Bourne, N., et al. 2017, MNRAS, 467, 1360 10.1093/mnras/stx031 2017MNRAS.tmp...41B
Bouwens, R. J., Illingworth, G. D., Oesch, P. A., Caruana, J., Holwerda, B., Smit, R., & Wilkins, S. 2015, ApJ, 811, 140 10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/140 2015ApJ...811..140B
Bouwens, R. J., et al. 2009, ApJ, 705, 936 10.1088/0004-637X/705/1/936 2009ApJ...705..936B
Brightman, M., & Nandra, K. 2011, MNRAS, 414, 3084 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18612.x 2011MNRAS.414.3084B
Burgarella, D., et al. 2013, A&A, 554, A70 10.1051/0004-6361/201321651 2013A&A...554A..70B
Capak, P. L., et al. 2011, Nature, 470, 233 10.1038/nature09681 2011Natur.470..233C
Capak, P. L., et al. 2015, Nature, 522, 455 10.1038/nature14500 2015Natur.522..455C
Caputi, K. I., et al. 2007, ApJ, 660, 97 10.1086/512667 2007ApJ...660...97C
Ciesla, L., et al. 2015, A&A, 576, A10 10.1051/0004-6361/201425252 2015A&A...576A..10C
Comastri, A., Gilli, R., Marconi, A., Risaliti, G., & Salvati, M. 2015, A&A, 574, L10 10.1051/0004-6361/201425496 2015A&A...574L..10C
Croton, D. J. 2006, MNRAS, 369, 1808 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10429.x 2006MNRAS.369.1808C
Daddi, E., et al. 2007, ApJ, 670, 173 10.1086/521820 2007ApJ...670..173D
Daddi, E., et al. 2009, ApJ, 694, 1517 10.1088/0004-637X/694/2/1517 2009ApJ...694.1517D
De Looze, I., et al. 2014, A&A, 568, A62 10.1051/0004-6361/201322489 2014A&A...568A..62D
Del Moro, A., et al. 2016, MNRAS, 456, 2105 10.1093/mnras/stv2748 2016MNRAS.456.2105D
Delvecchio, I., et al. 2014, MNRAS, 439, 2736 10.1093/mnras/stu130 2014MNRAS.439.2736D
Di Matteo, T., Springel, V., & Hernquist, L. 2005, Nature, 433, 604 10.1038/nature03335 2005Natur.433..604D
Dole, H., Lagache, G., & Puget, J.-L. 2003, ApJ, 585, 617 10.1086/346130 2003ApJ...585..617D
Dole, H., et al. 2004, ApJS, 154, 93 10.1086/422690 2004ApJS..154...93D
Dowell, C. D., et al. 2014, ApJ, 780, 75 10.1088/0004-637X/780/1/75 2014ApJ...780...75D
Dunlop, J. S., et al. 2017, MNRAS, 466, 861 10.1093/mnras/stw3088 2017MNRAS.466..861D
Eales, S., et al. 2010, PASP, 122, 499 10.1086/653086 2010PASP..122..499E
Efstathiou, A., & Rowan-Robinson, M. 1995, MNRAS, 273, 649 10.1093/mnras/273.3.649 1995MNRAS.273..649E
Efstathiou, A., & Siebenmorgen, R. 2009, A&A, 502, 541 10.1051/0004-6361/200811205 2009A&A...502..541E
Elbaz, D., et al. 2007, A&A, 468, 33 10.1051/0004-6361:20077525 2007A&A...468...33E
Falgarone, E., et al. 2015, in ASP Conf. Ser., Vol. 499, Revolution in Astronomy with ALMA: The Third Year, eds. Iono, D., Tatematsu, K., Wootten, A., & Testi, L. (San Francisco: ASP), 55
Fan, X. 2003, in American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts, 1415
Feltre, A., Hatziminaoglou, E., Fritz, J., & Franceschini, A. 2012, MNRAS, 426, 120 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21695.x 2012MNRAS.426..120F
Fiore, F., et al. 2008, ApJ, 672, 94 10.1086/523348 2008ApJ...672...94F
Fiore, F., et al. 2009, ApJ, 693, 447 10.1088/0004-637X/693/1/447 2009ApJ...693..447F
Fontana, A., et al. 2006, A&A, 459, 745 10.1051/0004-6361:20065475 2006A&A...459..745F
Fontanot, F., Cristiani, S., & Vanzella, E. 2012, MNRAS, 425, 1413 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21594.x 2012MNRAS.425.1413F
Fontanot, F., Cristiani, S., Pfrommer, C., Cupani, G., & Vanzella, E. 2014, MNRAS, 438, 2097 10.1093/mnras/stt2332 2014MNRAS.438.2097F
Fontanot, F., Hirschmann, M., & De Lucia, G. 2017, ApJ, 842, L14 10.3847/2041-8213/aa74bd 2017ApJ...842L..14F
Franceschini, A., Toffolatti, L., Danese, L., & de Zotti, G. 1989, ApJ, 344, 35 10.1086/167774 1989ApJ...344...35F
Fritz, J., Franceschini, A., & Hatziminaoglou, E. 2006, MNRAS, 366, 767 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.09866.x 2006MNRAS.366..767F
Gallerani, S., Fan, X., Maiolino, R., & Pacucci, F. 2017, PASA, 34, 22 10.1017/pasa.2017.14 2017PASA...34.e022G
Gilli, R., Comastri, A., & Hasinger, G. 2007, A&A, 463, 79 10.1051/0004-6361:20066334 2007A&A...463...79G
Gilli, R., et al. 2014, A&A, 562, A67 10.1051/0004-6361/201322892 2014A&A...562A..67G
Griffin, M. J., et al. 2010, A&A, 518, L3 10.1051/0004-6361/201014519 2010A&A...518L...3G
Gruppioni, C., et al. 2013, MNRAS, 432, 23 10.1093/mnras/stt308 2013MNRAS.432...23G
Gruppioni, C., et al. 2015, MNRAS, 451, 3419 10.1093/mnras/stv1204 2015MNRAS.451.3419G
Gruppioni, C., et al. 2016, MNRAS, 458, 4297 10.1093/mnras/stw577 2016MNRAS.458.4297G
Gültekin, K., Cackett, E. M., Miller, J. M., Di Matteo, T., Markoff, S., & Richstone, D. O. 2009, ApJ, 706, 404 10.1088/0004-637X/706/1/404 2009ApJ...706..404G
Guo, Q., White, S., Angulo, R. E., Henriques, B., Lemson, G., Boylan-Kolchin, M., Thomas, P., & Short, C. 2013, MNRAS, 428, 1351 10.1093/mnras/sts115 2013MNRAS.428.1351G
Harrison, F. A., et al. 2016, ApJ, 831, 185 10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/185 2016ApJ...831..185H
Heinis, S., et al. 2014, MNRAS, 437, 1268 10.1093/mnras/stt1960 2014MNRAS.437.1268H
Hönig, S. F., & Kishimoto, M. 2010, A&A, 523, A27 10.1051/0004-6361/200912676 2010A&A...523A..27H
Hopkins, A. M., & Beacom, J. F. 2006, ApJ, 651, 142 10.1086/506610 2006ApJ...651..142H
Hopkins, P. F., Richards, G. T., & Hernquist, L. 2007, ApJ, 654, 731 10.1086/509629 2007ApJ...654..731H
Hughes, D. H., et al. 1998, Nature, 394, 241 10.1038/28328 1998Natur.394..241H
Kaneda, H., et al. 2016, in Proc. of SPIE, Vol. 9904, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, eds. MacEwen, H. A. et al. (Bellingham: SPIE), 99042I
Kennicutt, R. C. Jr. 1998, ARA&A, 36, 189 10.1146/annurev.astro.36.1.189 1998ARA&A..36..189K
Kistler, M. D., Yüksel, H., Beacom, J. F., Hopkins, A. M., & Wyithe, J. S. B. 2009, ApJ, 705, L104 10.1088/0004-637X/705/2/L104 2009ApJ...705L.104K
Kormendy, J., & Ho, L. C. 2013, ARA&A, 51, 511 10.1146/annurev-astro-082708-101811 2013ARA&A..51..511K
Laigle, C., et al. 2016, ApJS, 224, 24 10.3847/0067-0049/224/2/24 2016ApJS..224...24L
Laporte, N., et al. 2017, ApJ, 837, L21 10.3847/2041-8213/aa62aa 2017ApJ...837L..21L
Le Floc’h, E., et al. 2005, ApJ, 632, 169 10.1086/432789 2005ApJ...632..169L
Liu, D., et al. 2017, arXiv:1703.052812017arXiv170305281L
Lutz, D. 2014, ARA&A, 52, 373 10.1146/annurev-astro-081913-035953 2014ARA&A..52..373L
Lutz, D., Maiolino, R., Spoon, H. W. W., & Moorwood, A. F. M. 2004, A&A, 418, 465 10.1051/0004-6361:20035838 2004A&A...418..465L
Lutz, D., et al. 2011, A&A, 532, A90 10.1051/0004-6361/201117107 2011A&A...532A..90L
Madau, P., & Dickinson, M. 2014, ARA&A, 52, 415 10.1146/annurev-astro-081811-125615 2014ARA&A..52..415M
Magdis, G. E., et al. 2012, ApJ, 760, 6 10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/6 2012ApJ...760....6M
Magnelli, B., et al. 2013, A&A, 553, A132 10.1051/0004-6361/201321371 2013A&A...553A.132M
Maiolino, R., et al. 2015, MNRAS, 452, 54 10.1093/mnras/stv1194 2015MNRAS.452...54M
Marchesini, D., van Dokkum, P. G., Förster Schreiber, N. M., Franx, M., Labbé, I., & Wuyts, S. 2009, ApJ, 701, 1765 10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/1765 2009ApJ...701.1765M
Merloni, A., & Heinz, S. 2007, MNRAS, 381, 589 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12253.x 2007MNRAS.381..589M
Nakagawa, T., Matsuhara, H., & Kawakatsu, Y. 2012, in SPIE Conf. Ser., 0, doi:10.1117/12.927243 10.1117/12.927243
Nandra, K., et al. 2013, arXiv:1306.23072013arXiv1306.2307N
Nenkova, M., Sirocky, M. M., Nikutta, R., Ivezić, Ž., & Elitzur, M. 2008, ApJ, 685, 160 10.1086/590483 2008ApJ...685..160N
Nguyen, H. T., et al. 2010, A&A, 518, L5 10.1051/0004-6361/201014680 2010A&A...518L...5N
Noeske, K. G., et al. 2007, ApJ, 660, L43 10.1086/517926 2007ApJ...660L..43N
Oliver, S. J., et al. 2012, MNRAS, 424, 1614 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20912.x 2012MNRAS.424.1614O
Panuzzo, P., Bressan, A., Granato, G. L., Silva, L., & Danese, L. 2003, A&A, 409, 99 10.1051/0004-6361:20031094 2003A&A...409...99P
Pérez-González, P. G., et al. 2005, ApJ, 630, 82 10.1086/431894 2005ApJ...630...82P
Pérez-González, P. G., et al. 2008, ApJ, 675, 234 10.1086/523690 2008ApJ...675..234P
Poglitsch, A., et al. 2010, A&A, 518, L2 10.1051/0004-6361/201014535 2010A&A...518L...2P
Pope, A., et al. 2006, MNRAS, 370, 1185 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10575.x 2006MNRAS.370.1185P
Pozzi, F., et al. 2015, ApJ, 803, 35 10.1088/0004-637X/803/1/35 2015ApJ...803...35P
Prandoni, I., & Seymour, N. 2015, in Advancing Astrophysics with the Square Kilometre Array (AASKA14), 67 2015aska.confE..67P
Riechers, D. A., et al. 2013, Nature 10.1038/nature12050, 496, 329 2013Natur.496..329R
Riechers, D. A., et al. 2014, ApJ, 786, 31 10.1088/0004-637X/786/1/31 2014ApJ...786...31R
Rodighiero, G., et al. 2010, A&A, 515, A8 10.1051/0004-6361/200912058 2010A&A...515A...8R
Rodighiero, G., et al. 2011, ApJ, 739, L40 10.1088/2041-8205/739/2/L40 2011ApJ...739L..40R
Rowan-Robinson, M., et al. 1997, MNRAS, 289, 490 10.1093/mnras/289.2.490 1997MNRAS.289..490R
Rowan-Robinson, M., et al. 2016, MNRAS, 461, 1100 10.1093/mnras/stw1169 2016MNRAS.461.1100R
Rubin, R. H., Simpson, J. P., Lord, S. D., Colgan, S. W. J., Erickson, E. F., & Haas, M. R. 1994, ApJ, 420, 772 10.1086/173601 1994ApJ...420..772R
Rush, B., Malkan, M. A., & Spinoglio, L. 1993, ApJS, 89, 1 10.1086/191837 1993ApJS...89....1R
Schreiber, C., Pannella, M., Leiton, R., Elbaz, D., Wang, T., Okumura, K., & Labbé, I. 2017, A&A, 599, A134 10.1051/0004-6361/201629155 2017A&A...599A.134S
Schreiber, C., et al. 2015, A&A, 575, A74 10.1051/0004-6361/201425017 2015A&A...575A..74S
Scoville, N., et al. 2016, ApJ, 820, 83 10.3847/0004-637X/820/2/83 2016ApJ...820...83S
Sibthorpe, B., Helmich, F., Roelfsema, P., Kaneda, H., & Shibai, H. 2015, in EAS Publications Ser., Vol. 75–76, Conditions and Impact of Star Formation, eds. Simon, R., Schaaf, R., and Stutzki, J. (Zermatt: EAS), 411
Simmonds, C., Bauer, F. E., Thuan, T. X., Izotov, Y. I., Stern, D., & Harrison, F. A. 2016, A&A, 596, A64 10.1051/0004-6361/201629310 2016A&A...596A..64S
Spinoglio, L., Dasyra, K. M., Franceschini, A., Gruppioni, C., Valiante, E., & Isaak, K. 2012, ApJ, 745, 171 10.1088/0004-637X/745/2/171 2012ApJ...745..171S
Spinoglio, L., & Malkan, M. A. 1992, ApJ, 399, 504 10.1086/171943 1992ApJ...399..504S
Spitler, L. R., et al. 2014, ApJ, 787, L36 10.1088/2041-8205/787/2/L36 2014ApJ...787L..36S
Spoon, H. W. W., et al. 2013, ApJ, 775, 127 10.1088/0004-637X/775/2/127 2013ApJ...775..127S
Tomczak, A. R., et al. 2016, ApJ, 817, 118 10.3847/0004-637X/817/2/118 2016ApJ...817..118T
Treister, E., Urry, C. M., & Virani, S. 2009, ApJ, 696, 110 10.1088/0004-637X/696/1/110 2009ApJ...696..110T
Vaccari, M. 2016, The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys, 42, 71 10.1007/978-3-319-19330-4_10 2016ASSP...42...71V
Valiante, E., et al. 2016, MNRAS, 462, 3146 10.1093/mnras/stw1806 2016MNRAS.462.3146V
Wang, L., et al. 2016, MNRAS, 461, 1898 10.1093/mnras/stw1450 2016MNRAS.461.1898W
Woo, J.-H., Treu, T., Malkan, M. A., & Blandford, R. D. 2008, ApJ, 681, 925 10.1086/588804 2008ApJ...681..925W
Yun, M. S., et al. 2015, MNRAS, 454, 3485 10.1093/mnras/stv1963 2015MNRAS.454.3485Y

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed