The Square Kilometre Array Radio Telescope is the next generation radio telescope. An international project is currently under way to design and build an instrument having an effective collecting area two orders of magnitude greater than that of any existing telescope. A number of separate studies are presently investigating how to design the Square Kilometre Array to best carry out the kinds of observations desired by the astronomical community. We present a summary of one of these studies, a workshop called The ‘Sub-microJansky Radio Sky’ held at the ATNF, Sydney, on 17 June 1998. This workshop addressed the nature of the radio sky at the very faint flux densities likely to be attainable by the Square Kilometre Array. In particular, each speaker investigated a separate population of radio sources and how the expected appearance of that population at such faint flux densities would dictate how to refine some of the design constraints for the Square Kilometre Array.