Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Multi-wavelength Observations of Galactic Winds

  • J. Bland-Hawthorn (a1)

Abstract

It has long been suspected that winds of thermal and/or relativistic particles are a common feature of both active and normal galaxies. Galactic winds are likely to be an important mechanism, particularly at high redshift, by which energy and metals from galaxies are subsequently dumped into the intergalactic medium. Both observational and theoretical studies of wind processes remain in their infancy, largely because astrophysical winds are difficult to detect. Future satellite missions will make systematic surveys possible for the first time. In this review, we summarise the current evidence for galactic-scale winds, particularly in energy bands where the wind emission is spatially resolved. We also discuss observational limitations and problems of interpretation.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abbott, D.C. 1982, ApJ, 263, 723
Allen, R. J., Baldwin, J. E., & Sancisi, R., 1978, A&A, 62, 397
Axon, D. J., & Taylor, K., 1978, Nature, 274, 37
Baan, W., & Irwin, J.A., 1995, preprint
Baum, S. A., et al. 1993, ApJ, 419, 553
Bland, J., & Tully, R.B. 1988, Nature, 334, 43
Bookbinder, J., et al. 1980, ApJ, 237, 647
Braun, R., 1985, PhD thesis, University of Leiden, Netherlands
Bregman, J. N., 1978, ApJ, 224, 768
Bregman, J. N., & Pildis, R.A., 1994, ApJ, 420, 570
Bregman, J. N., Schulman, E., & Tomisaka, K., 1995, ApJ, 439, 155
Burke, J. A., 1968, MNRAS, 140, 241
Carilli, C. L., Holdaway, M. A., Ho, P.T.P., & De Pree, C. G. 1992, ApJ, 399, L59
Castor, R., McCray, R., & Weaver, R., 1975, ApJ, 200, L107
Cecil, G. N., 1988, ApJ, 329, 38
Cecil, G. N., Bland, J., & Tully, R. B., 1990, ApJ, 355, 70
Chevalier, R. A., & Clegg, A. W., 1985, Nature, 317, 44
Colbert, E. J. M., Wilson, A. S., & Bland-Hawthorn, J. 1994, ApJ, 436, 89
Dahlem, M., Hartner, G. D., & Junkes, N., 1994, ApJ, 432, 598
de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A., & Pence, W. D., 1974, ApJ, 194, L119
Duffy, P.B., Erickson, E. F., Haas, M. R., & Houck, J. R. 1987, ApJ, 315, 68
Duric, N., & Seaquist, E. R., 1988, ApJ, 326, 574
Ekers, R. D., & Sancisi, R., 1977, A&A, 54, 973
Elmouttie, M., Jones, K., & Haynes, R., 1995, in preparation
Fabbiano, G., 1988, ApJ, 330, 672
Fabbiano, G., & Trinchieri, G., 1984, ApJ, 286, 491
Fabbiano, G., Heekman, T. M., & Keel, W.C. 1990, ApJ, 355, 442
Field, G.B., & Perrenod, S.C. 1977, ApJ, 215, 717
Gaisser, T. K., 1990, Cosmic Rays and Particle Physics (Cambridge Univ. Press.)
Gallimore, J. F., et al. 1994, ApJ, 422, L13
Harnett, J. L., Haynes, R. F., Klein, U., & Wielebinski, R., 1989, A&A, 216, 39
Harnett, J. L., et al. 1990, MNRAS, 244, 130
Heekman, T. M., Armus, L., & Miley, G. K., 1990, ApJS, 74, 833
Holzer, T. E., & Axford, W. I., 1970, ARA&A, 8, 31
Houck, J. R., Shure, M. A., Gull, G. E., & Herter, T., 1984, ApJ, 287, L11
Hummel, E., et al. 1988, A&A, 197, L29
Hummel, E., van Gorkom, J. H., & Kotanyi, C. G., 1983, ApJ, 267, L5
Ikeuchi, S., 1981, PASJ, 33, 211
Irwin, J. A., & Sofue, Y., 1992, ApJ, 396, L75
Irwin, J. A., Seaquist, E. R., Taylor, A. R., & Duric, N., 1987, ApJ, 313, L91
Johnson, H. E., & Axford, W. I., 1971, ApJ, 165, 381
Krolik, J. H., McKee, C. F., & Tarter, C.B., 1981, ApJ, 249, 422
Lehnert, M., 1992, PhD thesis, University of Maryland, USA
Lugten, J.B., Watson, D. M., Crawford, M. K., & Genzel, R., 1986, ApJ, 311, L51
Lynds, C. R., & Sandage, A. R., 1963, ApJ, 137, 1004
Marlowe, A.T., Heekman, T. M., Wyse, R. F. G., & Schommer, R., 1995, ApJ, in press
Mathews, W. G., & Baker, J.C. 1971, ApJ, 170, 241
Mathews, W- G., & Doane, J. S., 1992, Lick Obs. Bull.
McCarthy, P. J., Heckman, T. M., & van Breugel, W., 1987, AJ, 92, 264
Meurer, G. R., Freeman, K.C., Dopita, M. A., & Cacciari, C. 1992, AJ, 103, 60
Miller, J. S., Goodrich, R. W., & Mathews, W.G., 1991, ApJ, 378, 47
Nakai, N., et al. 1987, PASJ, 39, 685
O’Connell, R. W., & Mangano, J. J., 1978, ApJ, 221, 62
Ostriker, J. P., & Cowie, L. L., 1981, ApJ, 243, L127
Ostriker, J. P., & McKee, C. F. 1988, Rev. Mod. Phys., 60, 1
Pacholczyk, A. G., 1970, Radio Astrophysics (San Francisco: Freeman)
Phillips, A.C. 1993, AJ, 105, 486
Pietsch, W., 1993, preprint
Pogge, R. W., 1988, ApJ, 328, 519
Reichert, G. A., Mushotzsky, R. P., & Filippenko, A.V., 1994, in Mass TVansfer-Induced Activity in Galaxies, p. 302
Reuter, H.-P., et al. 1992, A&A, 256, 10
Rodriguez, L. F., & Chaisson, E.C. 1980, ApJ, 238, 41
Saikia, D. J., et al. 1990, MNRAS, 245, 397
Sanders, R. H., & Balamore, D. S., 1971, ApJ, 166, 7
Schaaf, R., et al. 1989, ApJ, 336, 762
Schiano, A. V. R., 1985, ApJ, 299, 24
Schulz, H., & Wegner, G., 1992, A&A, 266, 167
Schwarz, J., Ostriker, J. P., & Yahil, A., 1975, ApJ, 202, 1
Seaquist, E. R., & Odegard, N., 1991, ApJ, 369, 320
Seaquist, E., Bell, M.B., & Bignell, R. C., 1985, ApJ, 294, 546
Shopbell, P. L., 1995, PhD thesis, Rice University, Texas, USA
Shull, J. M., & Silk, J., 1981, ApJ, 249, 26
Shulz, H., & Wegner, G., 1992, A&A 266, 167
Sofue, Y., & Handa, T., 1984, Nature, 310, 568
Stark, A. A., & Carlstrom, E. R., 1984, ApJ, 279, 122
Suchkov, A. A., Balsara, D. S., Heckman, T. M., & Leitherer, C. 1994, ApJ, 430, 511
Sukumar, S., & Allen, R. J., 1991, ApJ, 382, 100
Swaters, R. A., Sancisi, R., & van der Hulst, J. M., 1994, in IAU Astronomy Posters, Abstracts, ed. van Woerden, H. (Sliedrecht: Twin Press), 178
Tadhunter, C., & Tsvetanov, Z., 1989, Nature, 341, 422
Tomisaka, K., & Ikeuchi, S., 1988, ApJ, 330, 695
Turner, B. E., 1985, ApJ, 299, 312
Veilleux, S., Cecil, G. N., & Bland-Hawthorn, J. 1995, ApJ, 445, 152
Veilleux, S., et al. 1994, ApJ, 433, 48
Veilleux, S., et al. 1995, ApJS, May issue
Voit, G. M., 1994, ApJ, 432, L19
Watson, M. G., Stanger, V., & Griffiths, R. E., 1984, ApJ, 286, 144
Weaver, R., et al. 1977, ApJ, 218, 377
Wehrle, A. E., & Morris, M., 1988, AJ, 95, 1689
Weymann, R. J., Scott, J. S., Schiano, A. V. R., & Christiansen, W. A., 1982, ApJS, 262, 497
Wilson, A. S., Elvis, M., Lawrence, A. X., & Bland-Hawthorn, J. 1992, ApJ, 391, L75
Wolfe, A. M., 1974, ApJ, 188, 243
Womble, D. S., Junkkarinen, V. T., & Burbidge, E. M., 1992, ApJ, 388, 55
Wrobel, J. M. 1995, preprint

Keywords

Multi-wavelength Observations of Galactic Winds

  • J. Bland-Hawthorn (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed