Skip to main content Accessibility help

A Multi-Frequency Study of the Milky Way-Like Spiral Galaxy NGC 6744

  • Miranda Yew (a1), Miroslav D. Filipović (a1), Quentin Roper (a1), Jordan D. Collier (a1) (a2), Evan J. Crawford (a1), Thomas H. Jarrett (a3), Nicholas F. H. Tothill (a1), Andrew N. O’Brien (a1) (a2), Marko Z. Pavlović (a4), Thomas G. Pannuti (a5), Timothy J. Galvin (a1) (a2) (a6), Anna D. Kapińska (a7) (a8), Michelle E. Cluver (a9), Julie K. Banfield (a1) (a10), Eric M. Schlegel (a11), Nigel Maxted (a1) (a12) and Kevin R. Grieve (a1)...


We present a multi-frequency study of the intermediate spiral SAB(r)bc type galaxy NGC 6744, using available data from the Chandra X-Ray telescope, radio continuum data from the Australia Telescope Compact Array and Murchison Widefield Array, and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer infrared observations. We identify 117 X-ray sources and 280 radio sources. Of these, we find nine sources in common between the X-ray and radio catalogues, one of which is a faint central black hole with a bolometric radio luminosity similar to the Milky Way’s central black hole. We classify 5 objects as supernova remnant (SNR) candidates, 2 objects as likely SNRs, 17 as H ii regions, 1 source as an AGN; the remaining 255 radio sources are categorised as background objects and one X-ray source is classified as a foreground star. We find the star-formation rate (SFR) of NGC 6744 to be in the range 2.8–4.7 M~yr − 1 signifying the galaxy is still actively forming stars. The specific SFR of NGC 6744 is greater than that of late-type spirals such as the Milky Way, but considerably less that that of a typical starburst galaxy.


Corresponding author


Hide All
Baganoff, F. K., et al. 2001, Nature, 413, 4510.1038/350925102001Natur.413...45B
Baganoff, F. K., et al. 2003, ApJ, 591, 89110.1086/3751452003ApJ...591..891B
Botticella, M. T., Smartt, S. J., Kennicutt, J. R. C., Cappellaro, E., Sereno, M., & Lee, J. C. 2012, MSAIS, 19, 1582012MSAIS..19..158B
Bozzetto, L. M., et al. 2017, ApJS, 230, 210.3847/1538-4365/aa653c2017ApJS..230....2B
Cluver, M. E., et al. 2014, ApJ, 782, 9010.1088/0004-637X/782/2/902014ApJ...782...90C
Cluver, M. E., et al. 2017, ApJ, 850, 68C10.3847/1538-4357/aa92c72017ApJ...850...68C
Crawford, E. J., Filipovic, M. D., de Horta, A. Y., Wong, G. F., Tothill, N. F. H., Draskovic, D., Collier, J. D., & Galvin, T. J. 2011, SerAJ, 183, 9510.2298/SAJ1183095C2011SerAJ.183...95C
De Horta, A. Y., et al. 2014, SerAJ, 189, 4110.2298/SAJ140605001H2014SerAJ.189...41D
de Vaucouleurs, G. 1963, ApJ, 138, 93410.1086/1476961963ApJ...138..934D
de Vaucouleurs, G. 1975, Nearby Groups of Galaxies (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press), 557
Dopita, M. A., Payne, J. L., Filipović, M. D., & Pannuti, T. G. 2012, MNRAS, 427, 95610.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21947.x2012MNRAS.427..956D
Dunlop, J. 1828, PTRSL, 118, 1131828RSPT..118..113D
Fabbiano, G., Kim, D. W., & Trinchieri, G. 1992, ApJS, 80, 53110.1086/1916751992ApJS...80..531F
Falcke, H., & Markoff, S. B. 2013, CQGra, 30, 24400310.1088/0264-9381/30/24/2440032013CQGra..30x4003F
Falcke, H., Goss, W. M., Matsuo, H., Teuben, P., Zhao, J.-H., & Zylka, R. 1998, ApJ, 499, 73110.1086/3056871998ApJ...499..731F
Filipovic, M. D., Haynes, R. F., White, G. L., & Jones, P. A. 1998, A&AS, 130, 42110.1051/aas:19984171998A&AS..130..421F
Filipović, M. D., Payne, J. L., Reid, W., Danforth, C. W., Staveley-Smith, L., Jones, P. A., & White, G. L. 2005, MNRAS, 364, 21710.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09554.x2005MNRAS.364..217F
Frater, R. H., Brooks, J. W., & Whiteoak, J. B. 1992, JEEEA, 12, 1031992JEEEA..12..103F
Freeman, P., Doe, S., & Siemiginowska, A. 2001, in Proc. SPIE, Vol. 4477, Astronomical Data Analysis, eds. Starck, J.-L. & Murtagh, F. D. (Bellingham: SPIE), 76
Fruscione, A., et al. 2006, in Proc. SPIE Conf. Ser. (SPIE), Vol. 6270, Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems, eds. Silve, D. R. & Doxsey, R. E. (Bellingham: SPIE), 62701V 10.1117/12.671760
Galvin, T. J., & Filipovic, M. D. 2014, SerAJ, 189, 1510.2298/SAJ140505002G2014SerAJ.189...15G
Galvin, T. J., Filipovic, M. D., Crawford, E. J., Tothill, N. F. H., Wong, G. F., & De Horta, A. Y. 2012a, SerAJ, 184, 4110.2298/SAJ1284041G2012SerAJ.184...41G
Galvin, T. J., et al. 2012b, Ap&SS, 340, 13310.1007/s10509-012-1044-32012Ap&SS.340..133G
Galvin, T. J., et al. 2014, Ap&SS, 353, 60310.1007/s10509-014-2051-32014Ap&SS.353..603G
Genzel, R., Eckart, A., Ott, T., & Eisenhauer, F. 1997, MNRAS, 291, 21910.1093/mnras/291.1.2191997MNRAS.291..219G
Garmire, G. P., Bautz, M. W., Ford, P. G., Nousek, J. A., Ricker, G. R. 2003, in Proc. SPIE 4851, X-ray and Gamma-ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy, eds. Truemper, J. E. & Tananbaum, H. D. (Bellingham: SPIE), 21010.1117/12.461599
Haberl, F., et al. 2012, A&A, 545, A12810.1051/0004-6361/2012197582012A&A...545A.128H
Hughes, A., Staveley-Smith, L., Kim, S., Wolleben, M., & Filipović, M., 2007, MNRAS, 382, 54310.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12466.x2007MNRAS.382..543H
Hurley-Walker, N., et al. 2017, MNRAS, 464, 114610.1093/mnras/stw23372017MNRAS.464.1146H
Jarrett, T. H., et al. 2011, ApJ, 735, 11210.1088/0004-637X/735/2/1122011ApJ...735..112J
Jarrett, T. H., et al. 2012, AJ, 144, 6810.1088/0004-6256/144/2/682012AJ....144...68J
Jarrett, T. H., et al. 2013, AJ, 145, 610.1088/0004-6256/145/1/62013AJ....145....6J
Jarrett, T. H., et al. 2017, ApJ, 836, 18210.3847/1538-4357/836/2/1822017ApJ...836..182J
Kankare, E., et al. 2014, A&A, 572, A7510.1051/0004-6361/2014245632014A&A...572A..75K
Kapinska, A. D., et al. 2017, ApJ, 838, 6810.3847/1538-4357/aa5f5d2017ApJ...838...68
Keohane, J. W., Rudnick, L., & Anderson, M. C. 1996, ApJ, 466, 30910.1086/1775111996ApJ...466..309K
Lee, M. G., Freedman, W. L., & Madore, B. F. 1993, ApJ, 417, 55310.1086/1733341993ApJ...417..553L
Maggi, P., et al. 2016, A&A, 585, A16210.1051/0004-6361/2015269322016A&A...585A.162M
Martin, R., Yamaoka, H., Monard, L. A. G., & Africa, S. 2005, CBET, 1192005CBET..119....1M
Masci, F. 2013, arXiv:1301.2718
Millar, W. C., White, G. L., Filipović, M. D., Payne, J. L., Crawford, E. J., Pannuti, T. G., & Staggs, W. D. 2011, Ap&SS, 332, 22110.1007/s10509-010-0556-y2011Ap&SS.332..221M
Millar, W. C., White, G. L., & Filipovic, M. D. 2012, SerAJ, 184, 1910.2298/SAJ1284019M2012SerAJ.184...19M
Mohan, N., & Rafferty, D. 2015, ASCL, 1, 02007
Ng, C.-Y., Zanardo, G., Potter, T. M., Staveley-Smith, L., Gaensler, B. M., Manchester, R. N., & Tzioumis, A. K. 2013, ApJ, 777, 13110.1088/0004-637X/777/2/1312013ApJ...777..131N
O’Brien, A. N., et al. 2013, Ap&SS, 347, 15910.1007/s10509-013-1489-z
Offringa, A. R., de Bruyn, A. G., Biehl, M., Zaroubi, S., Bernardi, G., & Pandey, V. N. 2010, MNRAS, 405, 15510.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16471.x2010MNRAS.405..155O
Pannuti, T. G., Schlegel, E. M., Filipović, M. D., Payne, J. L., Petre, R., Harrus, I. M., Staggs, W. D., & Lacey, C. K. 2011, AJ, 142, 2010.1088/0004-6256/142/1/202011AJ....142...20P
Pannuti, T. G., et al. 2015, AJ, 150, 91
Payne, J. L., Filipović, M. D., Pannuti, T. G., Jones, P. A., Duric, N., White, G. L., & Carpano, S. 2004, A&A, 425, 44310.1051/0004-6361:200410582004A&A...425..443P
Pellegrini, S., Baldi, A., Kim, D. W., Fabbiano, G., Soria, R., Siemiginowska, A., & Elvis, M. 2007, ApJ, 667, 73110.1086/5207102007ApJ...667..731P
Pocock, A. S., Penston, M. V., Pettini, M., & Blades, J. C. 1984, MNRAS, 210, 37310.1093/mnras/210.2.3731984MNRAS.210..373P
Prigozhin, G. Y., Rasmussen, A., Bautz, M. W., & Ricker, G. R. 1998, in Proc. SPIE 3444, X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions, eds. Hoover, R. B. & Walker, A. B. (Bellingham: SPIE), 26710.1117/12.331291
Reynoso, E. M. 2007, RMxAC, 30, 12
Romero-Cañizales, C., et al. 2014, MNRAS, 440, 106710.1093/mnras/stu4302014MNRAS.440.1067R
Roper, Q., McEntaffer, R. L., DeRoo, C., Filipovic, M., Wong, G. F., & Crawford, E. J. 2015, ApJ, 803, 10610.1088/0004-637X/803/2/1062015ApJ...803..106R
Ryder, S. D. 1995, ApJ, 444, 61010.1086/1756341995ApJ...444..610R
Ryder, S. D., & Dopita, M. A. 1994, ApJ, 430, 14210.1086/1743891994ApJ...430..142R
Ryder, S. D., Walsh, W., & Malin, D. 1999, PASA, 16, 8410.1071/AS990841999PASA...16...84R
Sault, R. J., Teuben, P. J., & Wright, M. C. H. 1995, in ASP Conf. Ser. 77, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems IV, eds. Shaw, R. A., Payne, H. E., & Hayes, J. J. E. (Baltimore: ASP), 433
Schmidt, B., & Salvo, M. 2005, CBET, 1222005CBET..122....1S
Sturm, R., et al. 2013a, A&A, 558, A310.1051/0004-6361/2012199352013A&A...558A...3S
Sturm, R., et al. 2013b, A&A, 558, A10110.1051/0004-6361/2012205642013A&A...558A.101S
Talent, D. L. 1982, ApJ, 252, 59410.1086/1595861982ApJ...252..594T
Tingay, S. J., et al. 2013, PASA, 30, 710.1017/pasa.2012.0072013PASA...30....7T
Tully, R. B., et al. 2013, AJ, 146, 86
Veron-Cetty, M. P., & Veron, P. 1986, A&AS, 66, 3351986A&AS...66..335V
Wayth, R. B., et al. 2015, PASA, 32, 2510.1017/pasa.2015.262015PASA...32...25W
Weisskopf, M. C., Tananbaum, H. D., Van Speybroeck, L. P., & O’Dell, S. L. 2000, in Proc. SPIE 4012, X-ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions III, eds. Truemper, J. E. & Aschenbach, B. (Bellingham: SPIE), 2 10.1117/12.391545
Wilson, W. E., et al. 2011, MNRAS, 416, 83210.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19054.x2011MNRAS.416..832W
Wong, G. F., Filipovic, M. D., Crawford, E. J., de Horta, A. Y., Galvin, T., Draskovic, D., & Payne, J. L. 2011a, SerAJ, 182, 4310.2298/SAJ1182043W2011SerAJ.182...43W
Wong, G. F., Filipovic, M. D., Crawford, E. J., Tothill, N. F. H., De Horta, A. Y., & Galvin, T. J. 2012, SerAJ, 185, 5310.2298/SAJ1285053W2012SerAJ.185...53W
Wong, G. F., et al. 2011b, SerAJ, 183, 10310.2298/SAJ1183103W2011SerAJ.183..103W
Wright, E. L., et al. 2010, AJ, 140, 1868


Related content

Powered by UNSILO

A Multi-Frequency Study of the Milky Way-Like Spiral Galaxy NGC 6744

  • Miranda Yew (a1), Miroslav D. Filipović (a1), Quentin Roper (a1), Jordan D. Collier (a1) (a2), Evan J. Crawford (a1), Thomas H. Jarrett (a3), Nicholas F. H. Tothill (a1), Andrew N. O’Brien (a1) (a2), Marko Z. Pavlović (a4), Thomas G. Pannuti (a5), Timothy J. Galvin (a1) (a2) (a6), Anna D. Kapińska (a7) (a8), Michelle E. Cluver (a9), Julie K. Banfield (a1) (a10), Eric M. Schlegel (a11), Nigel Maxted (a1) (a12) and Kevin R. Grieve (a1)...


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.