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Sociodemographic characteristics determine dietary pattern adherence during pregnancy

  • Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro (a1), Ana Amélia Freitas Vilela (a1) (a2), Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira (a2), Maria Cabral (a3), Rita Adriana Gomes de Souza (a4), Gilberto Kac (a1) and Rosely Sichieri (a5)...

Abstract

Objective

Sociodemographic factors may affect adherence to specific dietary patterns during pregnancy. The present study aimed to identify dietary patterns during pregnancy and associated factors among Brazilian pregnant women.

Design

A cross-sectional analysis. Dietary intake was evaluated with a semi-quantitative FFQ during the first postpartum week; the time frame included the second and third gestational trimesters. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns during pregnancy. Sociodemographic data were obtained using a structured questionnaire. Multiple linear regressions were applied to test the associations between the sociodemographic factors and dietary patterns.

Setting

Mesquita, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2011.

Subjects

Postpartum women (n 327) who were 18–45 years of age and Mesquita residents.

Results

Three different dietary patterns were identified: ‘healthy’ (mainly comprising legumes, vegetables and fruits), ‘mixed’ (mainly comprising candy, butter and margarine, and snacks) and ‘traditional’ (mainly comprising beans and rice). Women with a higher monthly per capita family income (β=0·0006; 95 % CI 0·0001, 0·001; P=0·011) and women of older age (β=0·021; 95 % CI −0·001, 0·042; P=0·058) were more likely to adhere to the ‘healthy’ dietary pattern. Women with higher parity were less likely to adhere to the ‘healthy’ pattern (β=−0·097; 95 % CI −0·184, −0·009; P=0·030) and were more likely to adhere to the ‘traditional’ pattern (β=0·098; 95 % CI 0·021, 0·175; P=0·012). Although not statistically significant, older women were less likely to adhere to the ‘mixed’ (β=−0·017; 95 % CI −0·037, 0·003; P=0·075) and ‘traditional’ (β=−0·018; 95 % CI −0·037, 0·001; P=0·061) dietary patterns.

Conclusions

Monthly per capita family income, parity and maternal age were factors associated with adherence to a healthy diet during pregnancy.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Email mbtcastro@gmail.com

References

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Sociodemographic characteristics determine dietary pattern adherence during pregnancy

  • Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro (a1), Ana Amélia Freitas Vilela (a1) (a2), Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira (a2), Maria Cabral (a3), Rita Adriana Gomes de Souza (a4), Gilberto Kac (a1) and Rosely Sichieri (a5)...

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