McCullough, ML, Feskanich, D, Stampfer, MJ
et al. (2002) Diet quality and major chronic disease risk in men and women: moving toward improved dietary guidance. Am J Clin Nutr
Guenther, PM, Casavale, KO, Reedy, J
et al. (2013) Update of the Healthy Eating Index: HEI-2010. J Acad Nutr Diet
Kennedy, ET, Ohls, J, Carlson, S
et al. (1995) The Healthy Eating Index: design and applications. J Am Diet Assoc
Hill, RJ & Davies, PS (2001) The validity of self-reported energy intake as determined using the doubly labelled water technique. Br J Nutr
Neuhouser, ML, Patterson, RE, King, IB
et al. (2003) Selected nutritional biomarkers predict diet quality. Public Health Nutr
Tasevska, N, Runswick, SA & Bingham, SA (2006) Urinary potassium is as reliable as urinary nitrogen for use as a recovery biomarker in dietary studies of free living individuals. J Nutr
Chatterjee, R, Colangelo, LA, Yeh, HC
et al. (2012) Potassium intake and risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Diabetologia
O’Donnell, MJ, Yusuf, S, Mente, A
et al. (2011) Urinary sodium and potassium excretion and risk of cardiovascular events. JAMA
Hedayati, SS, Minhajuddin, AT, Ijaz, A
et al. (2012) Association of urinary sodium/potassium ratio with blood pressure: sex and racial differences. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol
Mente, A, Irvine, EJ, Honey, RJ
et al. (2009) Urinary potassium is a clinically useful test to detect a poor quality diet. J Nutr
Kristbjornsdottir, OK, Halldorsson, TI, Thorsdottir, I
et al. (2012) Association between 24-hour urine sodium and potassium excretion and diet quality in six-year-old children: a cross sectional study. Nutr J
Ortega, RM, López-Sobaler, AM, Ballesteros, JM
et al. (2011) Estimation of salt intake by 24 h urinary sodium excretion in a representative sample of Spanish adults. Br J Nutr
Intersalt Cooperative Research Group (1988) Intersalt: an international study of electrolyte excretion and blood pressure. Results for 24 hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion. BMJ
Ng, RH, Altaffer, M, Ito, R
et al. (1985) The Technicon RA-1000 evaluated for measuring sodium, potassium, chloride, and carbon dioxide. Clin Chem
Kroll, MH, Chesler, R, Hagengruber, C
et al. (1986) Automated determination of urinary creatinine without sample dilution: theory and practice. Clin Chem
López-Sobaler, AM & Quintas, E (2006) Anthropometric survey. In Nutriguía. Manual of Clinical Nutrition in Primary Care, 1st ed., 3rd reprint, pp. 346–352 [AM Requejo and RM Ortega, editors]. Madrid: Ed. Complutense.
Forbes, GB & Bruining, GJ (1976) Urinary creatinine excretion and lean body mass. Am J Clin Nutr
Ortega, RM & Povea, FI (2006) Dietetic study. In Nutriguía. Manual of Clinical Nutrition in Primary Care, 1st ed., 3rd reprint, pp. 335–345 [AM Requejo and RM Ortega, editors]. Madrid: Ed. Complutense.
Dwyer, J, Picciano, MF & Raiten, DJ; Members of the Steering Committee, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003) Collection of food and dietary supplement intake data: What We Eat in America – NHANES. J Nutr
133, issue 2, 590S–600S.
Department of Nutrition (2010) Food composition tables. In Food Composition Tables. A Basic Tool for Assessing Nutritional Status, pp. 15–81 [RM Ortega, AM López-Sobaler, AM Requejo et al, editors]. Madrid: Ed. Complutense.
Ortega, RM, López-Sobaler, AM, Andrés, P
et al. (2013) DIAL Software for Assessing Diets and Food Calculations (for Windows, version 18.104.22.168). Madrid: Department of Nutrition (UCM) and Alce Ingeniería SA; available at http://www.alceingenieria.net/nutricion.htm
Ortega, RM, Quintas, ME, Sánchez-Quiles, MB
et al. (1997) Infravaloración de la ingesta energética en un colectivo de jóvenes universitarias de Madrid. Rev Clin Esp
Ortega, RM, Requejo, AM, Navia, B
et al. (2014) Recommended daily intakes of energy and nutrients for Spanish population. In Food Composition Tables. A Basic Tool for Assessing Nutritional Status, pp. 82–86 [RM Ortega, AM López-Sobaler, AM Requejo et al., editors]. Madrid: Ed. Complutense.
US Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (1995) The Healthy Eating Index (CNPP-1). Washington, DC: USDA, CNPP.
Myers, MG, Valdivieso, M, Kiss, A
et al. (2009) Comparison of two automated sphygmomanometers for use in the office setting. Blood Press Monit
Ortega, RM, Requejo, AM & López-Sobaler, AM (2006) Activity questionnaire. In Nutriguía. Manual of Clinical Nutrition in Primary Care, 1st ed., 3rd reprint, p.468 [AM Requejo and RM Ortega, editors]. Madrid: Ed. Complutense.
World Health Organization (1985) Energy and Protein Requirements. Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series no. 724. Geneva: WHO.
Ortega, RM, Requejo, AM, Quintas, E
et al. (1996) Estimated energy balance in female university students: differences with respect to body mass index and concern about body weight. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
World Health Organization (1995) Methodology of nutritional surveillance. In Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. WHO Technical Report Series no. 854. Geneva: WHO.
Deurenberg, P, Andreoli, A, Borg, P
et al. (2011) The validity of predicted body fat percent from body mass index and from impedance in samples of five European populations. Eur J Clin Nutr
Willett, W & Stampfer, MJ (1986) Total energy intake: implications for epidemiologic analyses. Am J Epidemiol
Laatikainen, T, Pietinen, P, Valsta, L
et al. (2006) Sodium in the Finnish diet: 20-year trends in urinary sodium excretion among the adult population. Eur J Clin Nutr
Crispim, SP, Geelen, A, de Vries, JH
et al. (2012) Bias in protein and potassium intake collected with 24-h recalls (EPIC-Soft) is rather comparable across European populations. Eur J Nutr
Geleijnse, JM, Witteman, JC, Stijnen, T
et al. (2007) Sodium and potassium intake and risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality: the Rotterdam Study. Eur J Epidemiol
Iseki, K, Iseki, C, Itoh, K
et al. (2002) Urinary excretion of sodium and potassium in a screened cohort in Okinawa, Japan. Hypertens Res
Huggins, CE, O’Reilly, S, Brinkman, M
et al. (2011) Relationship of urinary sodium and sodium-to-potassium ratio to blood pressure in older adults in Australia. Med J Aust
Morimoto, JM, Latorre Mdo, R, César, CL
et al. (2008) Factors associated with dietary quality among adults in Greater Metropolitan São Paulo, Brazil, 2002. Cad Saude Publica
Norte Navarro, AI & Ortiz Moncada, R (2011) Spanish diet quality according to the healthy eating index. Nutr Hosp
Tanase, CM, Koski, KG, Laffey, PJ
et al. (2011) Canadians continue to consume too much sodium and not enough potassium. Can J Public Health
Park, K (2010) Intakes of vegetables and related nutrients such as vitamin B complex, potassium, and calcium, are negatively correlated with risk of stroke in Korea. Nutr Res Pract
Prentice, RL, Sugar, E, Wang, CY
et al. (2002) Research strategies and the use of nutrient biomarkers in studies of diet and chronic disease. Public Health Nutr
Zhang, J, Temme, EH, Sasaki, S
et al. (2000) Under- and overreporting of energy intake using urinary cations as biomarkers: relation to body mass index. Am J Epidemiol
Gerth, J, Ott, U, Fünfstück, R
et al. (2002) The effects of prolonged physical exercise on renal function, electrolyte balance and muscle cell breakdown. Clin Nephrol
Schlanger, LE, Bailey, JL & Sands, JM (2010) Electrolytes in the aging. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis
Garde, AH, Hansen, AM, Kristiansen, J
et al. (2004) Comparison of uncertainties related to standardization of urine samples with volume and creatinine concentration. Ann Occup Hyg
Remer, T, Fonteyn, N, Alexy, U
et al. (2006) Longitudinal examination of 24-h urinary iodine excretion in schoolchildren as a sensitive, hydration status-independent research tool for studying iodine status. Am J Clin Nutr
Mill, JG, Silva, AB, Baldo, MP
et al. (2012) Correlation between sodium and potassium excretion in 24- and 12-h urine samples. Braz J Med Biol Res
Ortega, RM, Rodríguez-Rodríguez, E, Aparicio, A
et al. (2006) Responses to two weight-loss programs based on approximating the diet to the ideal: differences associated with increased cereal or vegetable consumption. Int J Vitam Nutr Res
McCullough, ML, Feskanich, D, Rimm, EB
et al. (2000) Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and risk of major chronic disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr
McCullough, ML, Feskanich, D, Stampfer, MJ
et al. (2000) Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and risk of major chronic disease in women. Am J Clin Nutr
Galea, S & Tracy, M (2007) Participation rates in epidemiologic studies. Ann Epidemiol
Willett, W (editor) (1998) Nature of variation in diet. In Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd ed., pp. 33–49. New York: Oxford University Press.
Koopman, MG, Koomen, GC, Krediet, RT
et al. (1989) Circadian rhythm of glomerular filtration rate in normal individuals. Clin Sci
Rennie, KL, Coward, A & Jebb, SA (2007) Estimating under-reporting of energy intake in dietary surveys using an individualised method. Br J Nutr
Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board (2005) Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.