1.Ascherio, A & Willett, WC (1997) Health effects of trans fatty acids. Am J Clin Nutr 66, 4 Suppl., 1006S–1010S.
2.World Health Organization (2003) Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series no. 916. Geneva: WHO.
3.Stender, S & Dyerberg, J (2004) Influence of trans fatty acids on health. Ann Nutr Metab 48, 61–66.
4.Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization Task Force (2007) Trans-fats free Americas. Washington, DC: PAHO/WHO.
5.Salmeron, J, Hu, FB, Manson, JE, Stampfer, MJ, Colditz, GA, Rimm, EB & Willett, WC (2001) Dietary fat intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Clin Nutr 73, 1019–1026.
6.Bray, GA, Lovejoy, JC, Smith, SR, DeLany, JP, Lefevre, M, Hwang, D, Ryan, DH & York, DA (2002) The influence of different fats and fatty acids on obesity, insulin resistance and inflammation. J Nutr 132, 2488–2491.
7.Kavanagh, K, Jones, KL, Sawyer, J, Kelley, K, Carr, JJ, Wagner, JD & Rudell, LL (2007) Trans fat diet induces abdominal obesity and changes in insulin sensitivity in monkeys. Obesity (Silver Spring) 15, 1675–1684.
8.Uauy, R & Monteiro, CA (2004) The challenge of improving food and nutrition in Latin America. Food Nutr Bull 25, 175–182.
9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2004) Food balance sheets. FAOSTAT data. http://faostat.fao.org/faostat/ (accessed April 2005).
10. Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá, Secretaría de Educación (2006) Estadisticas del sector educativo de Bogota 2005 y avances 2006. Bogotá: AMdB SdE.
11.Bickel, G, Nord, M, Price, C, Hamilton, W & Cook, J (2002) Guide to Measuring Household Food Security, revised 2000. Washington, DC: USDA Food and Nutrition Service.
12.Baylin, A, Kabagambe, EK, Siles, X & Campos, H (2002) Adipose tissue biomarkers of fatty acid intake. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 750–757.
13.Baylin, A, Siles, X, Donovan-Palmer, A, Fernandez, X & Campos, H (2007) Fatty acid composition of Costa Rican foods including trans fatty acid content. J Food Compost Anal 20, 182–192.
14.Tavella, M, Peterson, G, Espeche, M, Cavallero, E, Cipolla, L, Perego, L & Caballero, B (2000) Trans fatty acid content of a selection of foods in Argentina. Food Chem 69, 209–213.
15.Henon, G, Kemeny, Z, Recseg, K, Zwobada, F & Kovari, K (1999) Deodorization of vegetable oils. Part I: Modelling the geometrical isomerization of polyunsaturated fatty acids. J Am Oil Chem Soc 76, 73–81.
16.Martin, CA, Visentainer, JV, de Oliveira, CC, Matsushita, M & de Souza, NE (2006) Trans polyunsaturated fatty acid contents in Brazilian refined soybean oil. Anal Sci 22, 631–633.
17.Lambelet, P, Grandgirard, A, Gregoire, S, Juaneda, P, Sebedio, JL & Bertoli, C (2003) Formation of modified fatty acids and oxyphytosterols during refining of low erucic acid rapeseed oil. J Agric Food Chem 51, 4284–4290.
18.Block, JM & Barrera-Arellano, D (1994) [Hydrogenated products in Brazil: trans isomers, physico-chemical characteristics and fatty acid composition]. Arch Latinoam Nutr 44, 281–285.
19.Eckel, RH, Borra, S, Lichtenstein, AH & Yin-Piazza, SY (2007) Understanding the complexity of trans fatty acid reduction in the American diet: American Heart Association Trans Fat Conference 2006: report of the Trans Fat Conference Planning Group. Circulation 115, 2231–2246.
20.Korver, O & Katan, MB (2006) The elimination of trans fats from spreads: how science helped to turn an industry around. Nutr Rev 64, 275–279.
21.Bautista, LE, Herran, OF & Pryer, JA (2005) Development and simulated validation of a food-frequency questionnaire for the Colombian population. Public Health Nutr 8, 181–188.
22.Hibbeln, JR, Nieminen, LR, Blasbalg, TL, Riggs, JA & Lands, WE (2006) Healthy intakes of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids: estimations considering worldwide diversity. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 6 Suppl., 1483S–1493S.
23.Williams, P (2005) Consumer understanding and use of health claims for foods. Nutr Rev 63, 256–264.
24.Aro, A, Van Amelsvoort, J, Becker, W, van Erp-Baart, M-A, Kafatos, A, Leth, T & van Poppel, G (1998) Trans fatty acids in dietary fats and oils from 14 European countries: The TRANSFAIR Study*1. J Food Compost Anal 11, 137–149.
25.Brat, J & Pokorny, J (2000) Fatty acid composition of margarines and cooking fats available on the Czech market. J Food Compost Anal 13, 337–343.
26.Precht, D & Molkentin, J (2000) Recent trends in the fatty acid composition of German sunflower margarines, shortenings and cooking fats with emphasis on individual C16 : 1, C18 : 1, C18 : 2, C18 : 3 and C20 : 1 trans isomers. Nahrung 44, 222–228.
27.Clifton, PM, Keogh, JB & Noakes, M (2004) Trans fatty acids in adipose tissue and the food supply are associated with myocardial infarction. J Nutr 134, 874–879.
28.European Food Safety Authority (2004) Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies on a request from the Commission related to the presence of trans fatty acids in foods and the effect on human health of the consumption of trans fatty acids. EFSA J 81, 1–49.