1. Malik, VS, Pan, A, Willett, WC et al. (2013) Sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain in children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 98, 1084–1102.
2. Nakayama, Y & Mori, M (2015) Association between nocturnal breastfeeding and snacking habits and the risk of early childhood caries in 18- to 23-month-old Japanese children. J Epidemiol 25, 142–147.
3. Peltzer, K, Mongkolchati, A, Satchaiyan, G et al. (2014) Sociobehavioural factors associated with caries increment: a longitudinal study from 24 to 36 months old children in Thailand. Int J Environ Res Public Health 11, 10838–10850.
4. Schneider, S, Huy, C, Schuessler, M et al. (2009) Optimising lifestyle interventions: identification of health behaviour patterns by cluster analysis in a German 50+ survey. Eur J Public Health 19, 271–277.
5. Conry, MC, Morgan, K, Curry, P et al. (2011) The clustering of health behaviours in Ireland and their relationship with mental health, self-rated health and quality of life. BMC Public Health 11, 692.
6. Kiefte-de Jong, JC, de Vries, JH, Bleeker, SE et al. (2013) Socio-demographic and lifestyle determinants of ‘Western-like’ and ‘Health conscious’ dietary patterns in toddlers. Br J Nutr 109, 137–147.
7. Fisk, CM, Crozier, SR, Inskip, HM et al. (2011) Influences on the quality of young children’s diets: the importance of maternal food choices. Br J Nutr 105, 287–296.
8. Kyttälä, P, Erkkola, M, Lehtinen-Jacks, S et al. (2014) Finnish Children Healthy Eating Index (FCHEI) and its associations with family and child characteristics in pre-school children. Public Health Nutr 17, 2519–2527.
9. Smithers, LG, Brazionis, L, Golley, RK et al. (2012) Associations between dietary patterns at 6 and 15 months of age and sociodemographic factors. Eur J Clin Nutr 66, 658–666.
10. Voortman, T, Kiefte-de Jong, JC, Geelen, A et al. (2015) The development of a diet quality score for preschool children and its validation and determinants in the Generation R Study. J Nutr 145, 306–314.
11. Wall, CR, Thompson, JM, Robinson, E et al. (2013) Dietary patterns of children at 3.5 and 7 years of age: a New Zealand birth cohort study. Acta Paediatr 102, 137–142.
12. Okubo, H, Miyake, Y, Sasaki, S et al. (2014) Dietary patterns in infancy and their associations with maternal socio-economic and lifestyle factors among 758 Japanese mother–child pairs: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Matern Child Nutr 10, 213–225.
13. Robinson, S, Marriott, L, Poole, J et al. (2007) Dietary patterns in infancy: the importance of maternal and family influences on feeding practice. Br J Nutr 98, 1029–1037.
14. Durão, C, Severo, M, Oliveira, A et al. (2017) Association of maternal characteristics and behaviours with 4-year-old children’s dietary patterns. Matern Child Nutr 13, e12278.
15. Kuh, D & Ben-Shlomo, Y (2004) A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
16. Northstone, K, Smith, AD, Newby, PK et al. (2013) Longitudinal comparisons of dietary patterns derived by cluster analysis in 7- to 13-year-old children. Br J Nutr 109, 2050–2058.
21. Michels, KB & Schulze, MB (2005) Can dietary patterns help us detect diet–disease associations? Nutr Res Rev 18, 241–248.
22. Gasser, CE, Kerr, JA, Mensah, FK et al. (2017) Stability and change in dietary scores and patterns across six waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Br J Nutr 117, 1137–1150.
25. Costello, AB & Osborne, JW (2005) Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis. Pract Assess Res Eval 10, 1–9.
28. Garaulet, M, Martínez, A, Victoria, F et al. (2000) Difference in dietary intake and activity level between normal-weight and overweight or obese adolescents. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 30, 253–258.
29. Dwyer, JT & Coleman, KA (1997) Insights into dietary recall from a longitudinal study: accuracy over four decades. Am J Clin Nutr 65, Suppl. 4, 1153S–1158S.
30. George, BJ, Beasley, TM, Brown, AW et al. (2016) Common scientific and statistical errors in obesity research. Obesity (Silver Spring) 24, 781–790.
31. Skouteris, H, Hill, B, McCabe, M et al. (2016) A parent-based intervention to promote healthy eating and active behaviours in pre-school children: evaluation of the MEND 2-4 randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Obes 11, 4–10.
32. Williams, PA, Cates, SC, Blitstein, JL et al. (2014) Nutrition-education program improves preschoolers’ at-home diet: a group randomized trial. J Acad Nutr Diet 114, 1001–1008.
33. Foster, E, Hawkins, A, Delve, J et al. (2014) Reducing the cost of dietary assessment: self-completed recall and analysis of nutrition for use with children (SCRAN24). J Hum Nutr Diet 27, Suppl. 1, 26–35.
34. Anderson, SE, Ramsden, M & Kaye, G. (2016) Diet qualities: healthy and unhealthy aspects of diet quality in preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr 103, 1507–1513.
35. Ambrosini, GL (2014) Childhood dietary patterns and later obesity: a review of the evidence. Proc Nutr Soc 73, 137–146.
36. Renzaho, AM, Oldroyd, J, Burns, C et al. (2009) Over and undernutrition in the children of Australian immigrants: assessing the influence of birthplace of primary carer and English language use at home on the nutritional status of 4–5-year-olds. Int J Pediatr Obes 4, 73–80.
37. Blakemore, T, Strazdins, L & Gibbings, J (2009) Measuring family socioeconomic position. Aust Soc Policy 8, 121–168.