1.Ebbeling, CB, Pawlak, DB & Ludwig, DS (2002) Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. Lancet 360, 473–482.
2.Rocchini, AP (2002) Childhood obesity and a diabetes epidemic. N Engl J Med 346, 854–855.
3.Must, A, Spadano, J, Coakley, EHet al. (1999) The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity. JAMA 282, 1523–1529.
4.Biddle, SJH, Gorely, T & Stensel, DJ (2004) Health-enhancing physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents. J Sports Sci 8, 679–701.
5.Fuentes, RM, Notkola, IL, Shemeikka, Set al. (2003) Tracking of body mass index during childhood: a 15-year prospective population-based family study in eastern Finland. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 716–721.
6.Wardle, J, Brodersen, NH, Cole, TJet al. (2006) Development of adiposity in adolescence: five year longitudinal study of an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of young people in Britain. BMJ 332, 1130–1135.
7.Singh, AS, Mulder, C, Twisk, JWRet al. (2008) Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obes Rev 9, 474–488.
8.Whitaker, RC, Wright, JA, Pepe, MSet al. (1997) Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. N Engl J Med 337, 869–873.
9.Jia, H & Lubetkin, EI (2010) Trends in quality-adjusted life-years lost contributed by smoking and obesity. Am J Prev Med 38, 138–144.
10.Yach, D, Stuckler, D & Brownell, KD (2006) Epidemiologic and economic consequences of the global epidemics of obesity and diabetes. Nat Med 12, 62–66.
11.Giskes, K, Kamphuis, CB, van Lenthe, FJet al. (2007) A systematic review of associations between environmental factors, energy and fat intakes among adults: is there evidence for environments that encourage obesogenic dietary intakes? Public Health Nutr 10, 1005–1017.
12.Poston, WS & Foreyt, JP (1999) Obesity is an environmental issue. Atherosclerosis 146, 201–209.
13.Sallis, JF, Cervero, RB, Ascher, Wet al. (2006) An ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annu Rev Public Health 27, 297–322.
14.Stanton, RA (2006) Nutrition problems in an obesogenic environment. Med J Aust 184, 76–79.
15.Taveras, EM, Berkey, CS, Rifas-Shiman, SLet al. (2005) Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents. Pediatrics 116, e518–e524.
16.Swinburn, B, Egger, G & Raza, F (1999) Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity. Prev Med 29, 563–570.
17.Story, M, Nanney, MS & Schwartz, MB (2009) Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Milbank Q 87, 71–100.
18.Chang, D, Gertel-Rosenberg, A, Drayton, Vet al. (2010) A statewide strategy to battle child obesity in Delaware. Health Aff (Millwood) 29, 481–490.
19.Swinburn, BA & de Silva-Sanigorski, AM (2010) Where to from here for preventing childhood obesity: an international perspective. Obesity (Silver Spring) 18, Suppl. 1, S4–S7.
20.Trasande, L & Chatterjee, S (2009) The impact of obesity on health service utilization and costs in childhood. Obesity (Silver Spring) 17, 1749–1754.
21.Kuhle, S, Kirk, S, Ohinmaa, Aet al. (2011) Use and cost of health services among overweight and obese Canadian children. Int J Pediatr Obes 6, 142–148.
22.John, J, Wenig, CM & Wolfenstetter, SB (2010) Recent economic findings on childhood obesity: cost-of-illness and cost-effectiveness of interventions. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 13, 305–313.
23.Veugelers, PJ & Fitzgerald, AL (2005) Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity. CMAJ 173, 607–613.
24.Rockett, HR, Wolf, AM & Colditz, GA (1995) Development and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of older children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 95, 336–340.
27. Ontario Case Costing Initiative (date not known) The Ontario Guide for Case Costing (Version 7.1 for fiscal year 2010/11). http://www.occp.com/ (accessed September 2011).
29.Kim, S, Haines, PS, Siega-Riz, AMet al. (2003) The Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) provides an effective tool for cross-national comparison of diet quality as illustrated by China and the United States. J Nutr 133, 3476–3484.
30.Kennedy, ET, Ohls, J, Carlson, Set al. (1995) The healthy eating index: design and applications. J Am Diet Assoc 95, 1103–1108.
32.Kant, A (2004) Dietary patterns and health outcomes. J Am Diet Assoc 104, 615–635.
33.Smithers, LG, Golley, RK, Brazionis, Let al. (2011) Characterizing whole diets of young children from developed countries and the association between diet and health: a systematic review. Nutr Rev 69, 449–467.
34.Spinks, AB, McClure, RJ, Bain, Cet al. (2006) Quantifying the association between physical activity and injury in primary school-aged children. Pediatrics 118, 43–50.
35.Peabody, JW, Luck, J, Jain, Set al. (2004) Assessing the accuracy of administrative data in health information systems. Med Care 42, 1066–1072.
36.Willms, JD, Tremblay, MS & Katzmarzyk, PT (2003) Geographic and demographic variation in the prevalence of overweight Canadian children. Obes Res 11, 668–673.
37.Shields, M (2006) Overweight and obesity among children and youth. Health Rep 17, 27–42.
38.Tremblay, MS & Willms, JD (2003) Is the Canadian childhood obesity epidemic related to physical inactivity? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 1100–1105.
39.Veugelers, PJ & Fitzgerald, AL (2005) Effectiveness of school programs in preventing childhood obesity: a multilevel comparison. Am J Public Health 95, 432–435.
40.Florence, MD, Asbridge, M & Veugelers, PJ (2008) Diet quality and academic performance. J Sch Health 78, 209–215.
41.Carter, R, Moodie, M, Markwick, Aet al. (2009) Assessing Cost-Effectiveness in Obesity (ACE-Obesity): an overview of the ACE approach, economic methods and cost results. BMC Public Health 9, 419.