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Food in rural northern Norway in relation to Sami ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey

  • Natalia Petrenya (a1), Guri Skeie (a1), Marita Melhus (a2) and Magritt Brustad (a1)

Abstract

Objective

To estimate current food intake in the population of northern Norway and to investigate the impact of self-perceived Sami ethnicity and region of residence on food intake.

Design

The data are part of the second cross-sectional survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, 2012–2014). Food intake was assessed by an FFQ. Ethnic and regional differences in food intake were studied by sex-specific, multivariable-adjusted quantile regression models.

Setting

Ten municipalities (rural northern Norway).

Subjects

Males (n 2054) and females (n 2450) aged 40–69 years (2743 non-Sami, 622 multi-ethnic Sami, 1139 Sami).

Results

The diet of Sami participants contained more reindeer meat, moose meat, food made with animal blood and freshwater fish; and contained less lean fish and vegetables. In the inland region, the consumption of reindeer meat was greatest in Sami participants, followed by multi-ethnic Sami participants and non-Sami participants, who had the lowest consumption (median 25, 12 and 8 g/d, respectively). Compared with the inland region, fish roe/liver intake was higher in the coastal region and lean fish intake was twice as high (41 and 32 g/d in males and females, respectively).

Conclusions

When compared with non-Sami participants, those with solely self-perceived Sami ethnicity reported a significantly different intake of several foods, especially reindeer meat in the inland region. Multi-ethnic Sami tended to have similar diets to non-Sami. Residence in the coastal region predicted higher fish and roe/liver intake.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email natalia.n.petrenya@uit.no

References

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Food in rural northern Norway in relation to Sami ethnicity: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey

  • Natalia Petrenya (a1), Guri Skeie (a1), Marita Melhus (a2) and Magritt Brustad (a1)

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