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Dietary energy density is positively associated with body composition of adults in Southwest China

  • Jun Yin (a1), Hong-mei Xue (a1), Yuan-yuan Chen (a1), Xiao Zhang (a2), Li-ming Quan (a3), Yun-hui Gong (a4) and Guo Cheng (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

Dietary energy density (ED) might have influences on body composition. We therefore examined whether ED is associated with body composition among Chinese adults.

Design

We collected dietary data through validated two-day 24 h recalls. ED, defined as the amount of energy per unit weight of food consumed, was calculated based on five methods. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to explore the associations between ED and body composition parameters, including BMI, fat mass index (FMI), fat-free mass index (FFMI), percentage body fat (%BF) and waist circumference (WC).

Setting

Southwest China.

Subjects

Chinese adults (n 1933) in 2013.

Results

After adjusting the covariates, all ED definitions were positively associated with BMI, FMI, FFMI, %BF and WC among women (P<0·01). In men, however, ED with foods only was positively associated with BMI, FMI, FFMI and %BF (P<0·05), but not with WC (P=0·07); we also found null associations between ED with foods and all beverages and body composition among men. Additionally, ED contributed to higher increases of body composition in women than in men (P<0·01).

Conclusions

The present study supports the positive association between ED and body composition among adults in Southwest China, in which beverages may play an important role.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Email ehw_cheng@126.com

References

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