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Consumption of dairy products in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort: data from 35955 24-hour dietary recalls in 10 European countries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2007

A Hjartåker
Affiliation:
Section of Medical Statistics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1122, Blindern, N-0317Norway:
A Lagiou
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, National School of Public Health, Greece:
N Slimani
Affiliation:
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France:
E Lund
Affiliation:
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø,Norway:
MD Chirlaque
Affiliation:
Council for Health and Social Affairs of Murcia, Spain:
E Vasilopoulou
Affiliation:
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece:
X Zavitsanos
Affiliation:
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece:
F Berrino
Affiliation:
Epidemiology Unit, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy:
C Sacerdote
Affiliation:
Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, Hospital S. Giovanni and CPO-Piemonte, Turin, Italy:
MC Ocké
Affiliation:
Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands:
PHM Peeters
Affiliation:
Julius Center for General Practice and Patient Oriented Research, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands:
D Engeset
Affiliation:
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø,Norway:
G Skeie
Affiliation:
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø,Norway:
A Aller
Affiliation:
Council for Health and Sanitary Services of the Principality of Asturias, Oviedo, Spain:
P Amiano
Affiliation:
Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, Department of Health of the Basque Government, San Sebastian, Spain:
G Berglund
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden:
S Nilsson
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden:
A McTaggart
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, UK:
EA Spencer
Affiliation:
Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK:
K Overvad
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark:
A Tjønneland
Affiliation:
Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark:
F Clavel-Chapelon
Affiliation:
INSERM, E3N–EPIC Group, Institute Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France
J Linseisen
Affiliation:
Division of Clinical Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany:
M Schulz
Affiliation:
German Institute of Human Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Germany:
B Hemon
Affiliation:
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France:
E Riboli
Affiliation:
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France:
Corresponding
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Abstract

Objectives:

To describe and compare the consumption of dairy products in cohorts included in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).

Methods:

Data from single 24-hour dietary recall interviews collected through a highly standardised computer-based program (EPIC-SOFT) in 27 redefined centres in 10 European countries between 1995 and 2000. From a total random sample of 36 900, 22 924 women and 13 031 men were selected after exclusion of subjects under 35 and over 74 years of age.

Results:

A high total consumption of dairy products was reported in most of the centres in Spain and in the UK cohort sampled from the general population, as well as in the Dutch, Swedish and Danish centres. A somewhat low consumption was reported in the Greek centre and in some of the Italian centres (Ragusa and Turin). In all centres and for both sexes, milk constituted the dairy sub-group with the largest proportion (in grams) of total dairy consumption, followed by yoghurt and other fermented milk products, and cheese. Still, there was a wide range in the contributions of the different dairy sub-groups between centres. The Spanish and Nordic centres generally reported a high consumption of milk, the Swedish and Dutch centres reported a high consumption of yoghurt and other fermented milk products, whereas the highest consumption of cheese was reported in the French centres.

Conclusion:

The results demonstrate both quantitative and qualitative disparities in dairy product consumption among the EPIC centres. This offers a sound starting point for analyses of associations between dairy intake and chronic diseases such as cancer.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © CABI Publishing 2002

References

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Consumption of dairy products in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort: data from 35955 24-hour dietary recalls in 10 European countries
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