Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684bc48f8b-plp5r Total loading time: 0.75 Render date: 2021-04-12T01:49:43.945Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Breakfast cereal consumption in young children: associations with non-milk extrinsic sugars and caries experience: further analysis of data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5–4.5 years

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2007

Sigrid A Gibson
Affiliation:
Independent Nutrition Consultant, 11 Woodway, Merrow, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
Corresponding
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

Objective

This study examined the relationship between breakfast cereal consumption and non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) intake and the possible implications of this for caries in preschool children.

Methods

Data from the 1995 UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) of children aged 1.5–4.5 years were reanalysed. Four-day weighed food records and dental examinations were available on 1450 children living in private households in Britain. Children were classified by tertiles (age-adjusted) according to the proportion of energy derived from breakfast cereals, and the amount of NME sugar from cereals. There were no significant differences in social class background between any of the groups.

Results

Children with diets high in breakfast cereals as a proportion of total energy (top third) had lower proportional intakes of NMES, compared with low consumers of cereals (lowest third). Consumption of sweetened cereals was positively associated with NMES intake. However, caries experience was unrelated to breakfast cereal consumption, whether presweetened or not.

Conclusions

Although presweetened cereals are relatively high in NMES, their cariogenic potential is probably minimal in the circumstances in which they are normally consumed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © CABI Publishing 2000

References

1O'Brien, M. Children's Dental Health in the United Kingdom 1993. London: HMSO, 1994.Google Scholar
2Downer, MC. The 1993 national survey of children's dental health Br. Dent. J. 1995; 178, 407–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
3Davies, RM, Hawley, GM. Reasons for health inequalities in the dental health of children. J. Inst. Health Educ. 1995; 33: 88–9.Google Scholar
4Department of Health. An Oral Health Strategy for England. London: Department of Health, 1994.Google Scholar
5Levine, R, ed. The Scientific Basis of Dental Health Education: a Policy Document. London: Health Education Authority, 1996.Google Scholar
6Kay, EJ. Evidence-based dental health promotion. Good Diet. Pract. News 1997; 8(2): 13.Google Scholar
7Rugg-Gunn, AJ. Diet and dental caries. In: Murray, JJ, ed. The Prevalence of Dental Disease, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973; 496.Google Scholar
8Department of Health and Social Security. Dietary Sugars and Human Disease. Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy, Report on Health and Social Subjects No. 37. London: HMSO, 1989.Google Scholar
9Department of Health. Dietary Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report on Health and Social Subjects No. 41. London: HMSO, 1991.Google Scholar
10Woodward, M, Walker, AR. Sugar consumption and dental caries: evidence from 90 countries. Br. Dent. J. 1994; 176(8): 297302.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
11Walker, AR. Nutritional and dental implications of high and low intakes of sugar. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 1995; 46(2): 161–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
12Kay, EJ, Locker, D.Is dental health education effective? A systematic review of the current evidence. Community Dent. Oral Epidemiol. 1996; 24: 231–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
13Kay, EJ. Caries prevention – based on evidence? Or an act of faith? Br. Dent. J. 1998; 185: 432–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14Ruxton, CHS, Kirk, TR. Breakfast: a review of associations with measures of dietary intake, physiology and biochemistry. Br. J. Nutr. 1997; 78(2): 199213.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
15Gregory, JR, Collins, DL, Davies, PSW, Hughes, J, Clarke, P. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children aged 1.5 to 4.5 years. Vol. 1. Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: HMSO, 1995.Google Scholar
16Hinds, K, Gregory, JR. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children aged 1.5 to 4.5 years. Vol. 2. Report of the Dental Survey. London: HMSO, 1995.Google Scholar
17Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Data Archive, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK.Google Scholar
18SPSS UK Ltd, St Andrews House, West Street, Woking, Surrey GU21 1EB, UK.Google Scholar
19Davies, PSW, Coward, WA, Gregory, J, White, A, Mills, A.Total energy expenditure and energy intake in the pre-school child: a comparison. Br. J. Nutr. 1994; 72: 1320.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
20Edgar, WM. Prediction of the cariogenicity of various foods. Int. Dent. J. 1985; 35: 190–4.Google ScholarPubMed
21Minton, KL, Berry, CW. Cariogenic potential of presweetened breakfast cereals. Pediatr. Dent. 1985; 7: 282–6.Google ScholarPubMed
22McDonald, JL Jr, Stookey, GK. Animal studies concerning the cariogenicity of dry breakfast cereals. J. Dent. Res. 1977; 56(8): 1001–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
23Rugg-Gunn, AJ, Hackett, AF, Appleton, DR, Jenkins, GN, Eastoe, JE. Relationship between dietary habits and caries increment assessed over two years in 405 English adolescent school children. Arch. Oral Biol. 1984; 29(12): 983–92.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
24Ismail, AI. Food cariogenicity in Americans aged from 9 to 29 years assessed in a national cross-sectional survey, 1971–74. J. Dent. Res. 1986; 65(2): 1435–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
25Kelloggs Company of Great Britain Ltd. The Breakfast Report 1997. Kelloggs Company Ltd, Manchester.Google Scholar
26Geddes, DA. Diet patterns and caries. Adv. Dent. Res. 1994; 8(2): 221–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
27Katz, S, Olson, BL, Park, KC. Factors related to the cariogenic potential of breakfast cereals. Pharmacol. Ther. Dent. 1975; 2(2): 109–31.Google ScholarPubMed
28Bibby, BG, Huang, Ct, Zero, D, Mundorff, SA, Little, MF. Protective effect of milk against in vitro caries. 1980; J. Dent. Res. 1980; 59: 1565–70.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
29Palenik, C, Park, K, Katz, S, Stookey, G.Effect of water soluble components derived from cocoa on plaque formation. J. Dent. Res. 1979; 58: 1749.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
30's-Gravenmade, EJ, Jenkins, GNIsolation, purification and some properties of a potential cariostatic factor in cocoa that lowers enamel solubility. Caries Res. 1986; 20(5): 433–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
31Moynihan, PJ. The relationship between diet, nutrition and dental health: an overview and update for the 90's. Nutr. Res. Rev. 1995; 8: 193224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
32Magrill, DS. The reduction of the solubility of hydroxyapatite in acid by the adsorption of phytate from solution. Arch. Oral Biol. 1973; 18: 591600.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
33Gibson, S, Williams, S.Dental caries in pre-school children: associations with social class, toothbrushing habit and consumption of sugars and sugar-containing foods. Further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5–4.5 years. Caries Res. 1999; 33(2): 101–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
34Glass, RL, Fleisch, S.Diet and dental caries: dental caries incidence and the consumption of ready-to-eat cereals. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1974; 88: 807–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
35Rowe, NH, Anderson, RH, Wanninger, LA. Effects of ready-to-eat breakfast cereals on dental caries experience in adolescent children: a three-year study. J. Dent. Res. 1974; 53: 33–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
36Wilson, CJ. Ready-to-eat cereals and dental caries in children: a three-year study. J. Dent. Res. 1979; 58(9): 1853–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
37Rugg-Gunn, AJ. Diet and dental caries. Dent. Update. 1990; 17(5): 198201.Google ScholarPubMed

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 332 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 12th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access Access

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Breakfast cereal consumption in young children: associations with non-milk extrinsic sugars and caries experience: further analysis of data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5–4.5 years
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Breakfast cereal consumption in young children: associations with non-milk extrinsic sugars and caries experience: further analysis of data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5–4.5 years
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Breakfast cereal consumption in young children: associations with non-milk extrinsic sugars and caries experience: further analysis of data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5–4.5 years
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *